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Canada driver's knowledge test 3
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Canada driver's knowledge test 3

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  • 1. signs, signals and 3 road markings In chapter 2, you and your vehicle, you learned aboutin this chapter some of the controls in your vehicle. This chapter is a handy reference section that gives examples of the most common• Signs signs, signals and road markings that keep traffic organized – regulatory signs and flowing smoothly. – school, playground and crosswalk signs Signs – lane use signs There are three ways to read signs: by their shape, colour and – turn control signs the messages printed on them. Understanding these three ways – parking signs of classifying signs will help you figure out the meaning of signs – reserved lane that are new to you. signs – warning signs – object markers – construction signs – information and destination signs Stop Yield the right-of-way – railway signs• Signals – lane control signals – traffic lights• Road markings School zone signs – yellow lines Explains lane use are fluorescent Shows driving yellow-green – white lines regulations – reserved lane markings – other markings Tells about motorist Shows a permitted Shows an action that services action is not permitted Shows distance and direction Warns of hazards Warns of Railway crossing ahead construction zones 29
  • 2. developing your smart driving skillsRegulatory signsThese signs tell you about driving laws and regulations. It is an offence under the B.C. MotorVehicle Act to disregard them. Drivers who do not follow the instructions on these signs mayreceive penalties.Stop completely — Give the right-of-waycontinue only when to other vehicles and The fastest you may Indicates a lowersafe crossing pedestrians drive in good conditions speed limit ahead Do not go this way — usually mounted Winter tires or chains must beDo not enter on exit ramps used when sign is displayed One way — gives direction of traffic on cross street Do not pass Move into right lane Keep right unless Two-way traffic — if driving slower passing keep right unless than regular traffic passingStay off this road duringmajor disasters — roadmay be used only byemergency vehicles No stopping between here No bicycle ridingKeep right of and the next No stopping beyond this pointthe divider no-stopping during posted sign times between No right turn on here and the next red light sign30
  • 3. chapter 3 — signs, signals and road markingsSchool, playground and crosswalk signsThese signs tell you the rules to follow in areas where you need to be extra cautious. School zone — reduce speed when childrenPedestrian activated are presentcrosswalk — prepare to Pedestrian crosswalk — School crosswalk — yieldstop if the light is flashing yield to people crossing to pedestrians — if there is a crossing guard, follow directions School zone — ifPlayground nearby the tab underneath School zone —— be prepared to only indicates the the tab underneathslow down speed limit, that indicates the speed Playground zone — School zone — limit is in effect limit and the hours 30 km/h limit is in 50 km/h limit is in from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. that it is in effect effect every day effect from 8 a.m. on school days (in this case, the from dawn to dusk to 5 p.m. on school 30 km/h limit days when children is in effect from are on the roadway 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. or shoulder on school days)Lane use signsSigns showing which lanes may be used to turn or go straight are mounted above the lane or atthe side of the lane before the intersection. If you are in a designated lane, you must follow thedirection indicated by the arrows. You may not move into or out of a designated lane while youare in an intersection.Turn left only Continue straight only Go through or turn leftGo through or turn right Vehicles from both Vehicles in both these directions must turn lanes must turn left left, no through traffic allowed 31
  • 4. developing your smart driving skillsTurn control signsTurn control signs are mounted directly above the intersection. You must follow the direction ofthe arrow.Left turn only Go straight only — Turn right or left only no turns No right turns during posted timesParking signsParking signs let you know where and when you are allowed to park. You may receive fines oryour vehicle may be towed (or both) if you park illegally. Do not park hereTime-limited parking Parking is not allowedduring posted times during posted times Parking only for vehicles displaying the disabled parking sign and carrying a person with disabilitiesReserved lane signsA white diamond painted on the road surface marks reserved lanes. Reserved lane signs arealso placed over or beside lanes that are reserved for certain vehicles such as buses or highoccupancy vehicles (HOVs). Other HOV signs may give additional information on who may usethe HOV lane. Curb lane of cross streetOnly buses in this lane Only buses and HOVs ahead is a reserved lane in this lane — may show how many people must be in the HOV32
  • 5. chapter 3 — signs, signals and road markingsWarning signsMost warning signs are yellow and diamond-shaped. They warn of possible hazards ahead.Winding road Hidden side road Curve ahead — Merging trafficahead ahead slow down ahead Sharp curve ahead — slow to suggested speedRoad merges with Right lane ends Divided highway ends Two-way traffic ahead Road narrows aheadanother road — ahead ahead — keep rightadded lane to theright aheadNarrow structure ahead Bump or rough road Road may be Steep hill ahead —— often a bridge ahead slippery ahead slow downStop sign ahead Roundabout ahead Signal lights ahead Signal lights ahead — prepare to stop when lights are flashing 33
  • 6. developing your smart driving skillsPedestrian crosswalk School crosswalk ahead School bus stop ahead Cyclists may be onahead — this sign is fluorescent roadway yellow-greenFire truck entrance ahead Truck crossing ahead Recommended exit Pavement ends ahead speed — drive slower in poor conditionsHazard or danger ahead Watch for deer ahead Opening bridge ahead Watch for rocks on the— turn right or left road aheadObject markersPay special attention to object markers — they are mounted on obstructions.Obstruction — keep right Obstruction — keep right Obstruction — keep leftor left34
  • 7. chapter 3 — signs, signals and road markingsConstruction signsThese signs warn of construction and maintenance work. You must pay attention to the warningsand obey the instructions on these signs. Obey traffic-control persons, travel within the postedspeed, stay well back from all equipment and pass only when it is safe.Detour ahead Soft shoulder Construction ahead Traffic-control ahead — stay off person ahead Follow the lighted arrow Blasting ahead — follow instructionsCrew working Survey crew — End of on sign— obey posted obey posted constructionspeed limit speed limit zone speed limitInformation and destination signsThese signs give information about destinations, route numbers and facilities. Here are a fewsamples.Destination sign —distances are inkilometres Trans-Canada Primary highway Directional sign Highway route marker sign markerHospital nearby Gas available ahead Accommodation ahead Travel information ahead 35
  • 8. developing your smart driving skillsRailway signsPublic railway and highway crossings are indicated with signs or pavement markings and mayalso have mechanical or electrical warning devices for your protection. Watch for them andremember you must always yield to trains.Railway crossing ahead— be prepared to stopRailway crossing on Railway crossing — stop,side road ahead — then proceed when it isbe prepared to stop safe Railway crossing — stay stopped until the gate is fully raisedSignalsLighted signals are a way of controlling traffic flow.Lane control signalsLane control signals are placed over lanes to indicate which ones are open for driving.Do not drive in this lane Move out of this lane and into a Drive in this lane lane with a green arrow. If the lane control signals over all of the lanes are flashing yellow, slow down and proceed with caution36
  • 9. chapter 3 — signs, signals and road markingsTraffic lightsTraffic lights are used to help organize the flow of traffic. Generally, a red light means “stop,”a yellow light means “caution” and a green light means “go.” These signals can have slightlydifferent meanings if they are flashing or if they are shaped as arrows rather than circles. In someplaces green arrows may flash; in others they may not.Steady red — stop — Steady green — continue Steady yellow — slow Flashing red — stop,after coming to a full stop, if the intersection is clear down and stop before then continue onlyyou may turn right or turn the intersection unless when it is safeleft onto a one-way street you can’t safely stop inunless a sign forbids it timeFlashing green — Flashing yellow — slow Green arrow — turn in Green arrow — no turnpedestrian-controlled down and proceed with the direction of the arrow permitted; go straightlight — go only if the caution through onlyintersection is clearFlashing green arrow Flashing green arrow Yellow arrow — advance Transit priority signal —with a steady green with a steady red light — left turn signal is about steady white rectangularlight — may turn in the left turn allowed; through to change, slow down light — only buses maydirection of the arrow or traffic must stop for red and stop before the go on this signalproceed light intersection unless you can’t safely stop in time 37
  • 10. developing your smart driving skillsRoad markingsRoad markings give you warnings or direction. They are painted on the roadway, curbs or othersurfaces. It is illegal to drive over freshly painted, wet pavement markings.Yellow linesYellow lines divide traffic moving in opposite directions. If there is a yellow line to your left, therewill be traffic coming towards you on the other side of that yellow line.Broken line — passing is Broken line and solid line — you Double solid line —allowed when safe may pass only when it is safe and no passing allowed the broken line is on your sideSingle yellow line — passing Double broken yellow line — lane Two-way left-turn lane —is allowed with extra caution is reversible — lane control signal drivers travelling in opposite will show whether you may use this directions share this lane for lane left turns — markings may be reversed (solid lines inside the broken lines)38
  • 11. chapter 3 — signs, signals and road markingsWhite linesWhite lines are used to separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. White lines alsomark crosswalks, stopping positions and the right shoulders of highways.Solid line — do not change lanes Broken line — lane changing is Stop line — stop before this allowed when safe linePedestrian crosswalk — stop for Pedestrian crosswalk — stop for Pedestrian-activatedpedestrians in the crosswalk pedestrians in the crosswalk crosswalk with illuminating lights in pavement — stop for pedestrians in the crosswalk 39
  • 12. developing your smart driving skillsReserved lane markingsThese markings set off lanes for HOVs, buses and bicycles. HOV lanes are marked with thick solidor broken lines and white diamond symbols.Reserved lane — additional signs Bicycle lane — for cyclists only —or markings state which vehicles cyclists must travel in the sameare allowed direction as the traffic beside them — the lane is marked with an outline of a bicycle and sometimes with a diamondOther markingsVehicles in this lane must Vehicles in this lane must Painted island — keep toturn left go straight or turn left the right and do not drive on or over40