General rules for active voice and passive voice
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General rules for active voice and passive voice

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General rules for active voice and passive voice General rules for active voice and passive voice Document Transcript

  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 1GENERAL RULES FOR ACTIVE VOICE ANDPASSIVE VOICEACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICESubject is used in start of sentences. No subject is used.Form of verb is used according to thetense.Always 3rdform of verb is used in alltenses.Simple subjective form of the subject isused in start.Always objective form of the subject isused at the end.Helping verb is used according to tenseand conditions.Helping verb is used according to tenseand conditions.PronounsPerson Subjective form(used before verb)Objective form(used after verb)1stIWeMeUs2ndYou You3rdHeSheItTheyHimHerItThemPRESENT INDEFINITE TENSEACTIVE VOICESimple sentencesConstruction of Simple sentencesSubject + 1stform of Verb + Object.When subject are;He, she, it or singular name then “s” or “es” is always used with verb.Example: He plays hockey.When subjects are;I, we, you, they or plural name then use of “s” or “es” are not allowed.
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 2Example: They play hockey.Negative sentencesConstruction of negative sentencesSubject + Helping verb + not + 1stform of verb + Object.When subjects are;He, she, it or singular name then “s” or “es” is not used with verb andHelping verb “Does” is used.Example: He does not play hockey.When subjects are;I, we, you, they or plural name thenHelping verb “do” is used.Example: They do not play hockey.Interrogative sentencesSimple Interrogative sentences ConstructionHelping verb + Subject + 1stform of verb + Object +?When subjects are;He, she, it or singular name then “s” or “es” is not used with verb andHelping verb “Does” is used.Example: Does he play hockey?When subjects are;I, we, you, they or plural name thenHelping verb “do” is used.Example: Do they play hockey?Double interrogative sentences construction
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 3“WH” word + Helping verb + Subject + 1stform of Verb + object +?Where WH word = which, when, what, why etcOther rules are same as given above for simple interrogative sentences.Example: When does he play hockey?Why do they play hockey?Interrogative and NegativeSimple interrogative and negative sentences constructionHelping verb + Subject + Not + 1stform of verb + Object +?Others rules are same as given for Interrogative and negative sentences.Example: Does he not play hockey?Do they not play hockey?Double interrogative and negative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + Not + 1stform of verb + Object +?Others rules are same as given for Interrogative and negative sentences.Example: When does he not play hockey?Why do they not play hockey?PASSIVE VOICEHelping verbs: is, am, and are.Singular subjects: use of “is”Plural subjects: use of “are”Subject I: use of “am”Form of verb: 3rdform of verb
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 4Simple passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey is played by him.Negative passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Not + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey is not played by him.Interrogative passive voiceHelping verb +Object + Verb + by + Objective Form +?Is hockey played by him?Interrogative and negativeHelping verb+ Object +not + Verb + by + Objective Form.Is hockey not played by him?Double Interrogative and negative sentencesObject + Helping Verb + Verb + By + Objective Form.Why is hockey not played by him?PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSEACTVE VOICEGeneral rulesHelping verb: Is, am and are.Subjects: he, she, it or singular name use “is”Subjects: we, you, they or plural name use “are”Subject: I use “am”
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 5Verb: 4th formSimple sentencesConstruction of Simple sentencesSubject + 4thform of Verb + Object.Negative sentencesConstruction of negative sentencesSubject + Helping verb + not + 4thform of verb + Object.Interrogative sentencesSimple Interrogative sentences ConstructionHelping verb + Subject + 4thform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + 4thform of Verb + object +?Interrogative and NegativeSimple interrogative and negative sentences constructionHelping verb + Subject + Not + 4thform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative and negative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + Not + 4thform of verb + Object +?PASSIVE VOICEHelping verbs: is, am and are.Singular objects: use of “is”Plural objects: use of “are”
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 6Form of verb: 3rdform of verb.Simple passive voiceObject + Helping Verb +being+ Verb + by + Objective Form.Example: Hockey is being played by him.Negative passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Not+ being + Verb + by + Objective Form.Example: Hockey is not being played by him.Interrogative passive voiceHelping verb +Object +being+ Verb + by + Objective Form +?Is hockey being played by him?Interrogative and negativeHelping verb+ Object +not +being+ Verb + by + Objective Form.Is hockey not being played by him?Double Interrogative and negative sentences“Wh” word+ Helping Verb+object +being+ Verb + By + Objective Form.Why is hockey not being played by him?PRESENT PERFECT TENSEACTIVE VOICEGeneral rulesHelping verb: has and have.Subjects: he, she, it or singular name use “has”Subjects: I, we, you, they or plural name use “have”
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 7Verb: 3rdformSimple sentencesConstruction of Simple sentencesSubject + 3rdform of Verb + Object.Negative sentencesConstruction of negative sentencesSubject + Helping verb + not + 3rdform of verb + Object.Interrogative sentencesSimple Interrogative sentences ConstructionHelping verb + Subject +3rdform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + 3rdform of Verb + object +?Interrogative and NegativeSimple interrogative and negative sentences constructionHelping verb + Subject + Not + 3rdform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative and negative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + Not + 3rdform of verb + Object +?PASSIVE VOICEHelping verbs: has and have.Use of “been” after helping verb and before verb.
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 8Singular objects: use of “has”Plural objects: use of “have”Form of verb: 3rdform of verbSimple passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + been + Verb + by + Objective Form.Example: Hockey has been played by him.Negative passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Not + been + Verb + by + Objective Form.Example: Hockey has not been played by him.Interrogative passive voiceHelping verb +Object + been + Verb + by + Objective Form +?Has hockey been played by him?Interrogative and negativeHelping verb+ Object +not + been + Verb + by + Objective Form.Has hockey not been played by him?Double Interrogative and negative sentencesWh word+ Helping Verb + object + been + Verb + By + Objective Form.Why has hockey not been played by him?PAST INDEFINITE TENSEACTIVE VOICEGeneral rules
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 9Helping verb: “did” in case of negative and interrogativeSubjects: “did” is used with all kinds of subjects.Verb: 2ndform is used with all kinds of subjects.Simple sentencesConstruction of Simple sentencesSubject + 2ndform of Verb + Object.Negative sentencesConstruction of negative sentencesSubject + Helping verb + not + 1stform of verb + Object.Interrogative sentencesSimple Interrogative sentences ConstructionHelping verb + Subject + 1stform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + 1stform of Verb + object +?Interrogative and NegativeSimple interrogative and negative sentences constructionHelping verb + Subject + Not + 1stform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative and negative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + Not + 1stform of verb + Object +?PASSIVE VOICE
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 10Helping verbs: was and were.Singular objects: use of “was”Plural objects: use of “were”Form of verb: 3rdform of verbSimple passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey was played by him.Negative passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Not + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey was not played by him.Interrogative passive voiceHelping verb +Object + Verb + by + Objective Form +?Was hockey played by him?Interrogative and negativeHelping verb+ Object +not + Verb + by + Objective Form.Was hockey not played by him?Double Interrogative and negative sentencesWh word + Helping Verb + Object + Verb + By + Objective Form.Why was hockey not played by him?PAST CONTINUOUS TENSEACTIVE VOICE
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 11General rulesHelping verb: was and were.Subjects: he, she, it or singular name use “was”Subjects: we, you, they or plural name use “were”Subject: I use “was”Verb: 4th formSimple sentencesConstruction of Simple sentencesSubject + 4thform of Verb + Object.Negative sentencesConstruction of negative sentencesSubject + Helping verb + not + 4thform of verb + Object.Interrogative sentencesSimple Interrogative sentences ConstructionHelping verb + Subject + 4thform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + 4thform of Verb + object +?Interrogative and NegativeSimple interrogative and negative sentences constructionHelping verb + Subject + Not + 4thform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative and negative sentences construction
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 12“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + Not + 4thform of verb + Object +?PASSIVE VOICEHelping verbs: was and were.“Being” is used after helping verb and before verb.Singular subjects: use of “was”Plural subjects: use of “were”Form of verb: 3rdform of verbSimple passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + being + Verb + by + Objective Form.Example: Hockey was being played by him.Negative passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Not + being + Verb + by + Objective Form.Example: Hockey was not being played by him.Interrogative passive voiceHelping verb +Object +being + Verb + by + Objective Form +?Was hockey being played by him?Interrogative and negativeHelping verb+ Object +not + being + Verb + by + Objective Form.Was hockey not being played by him?Double Interrogative and negative sentences
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 13Wh word + Helping Verb + Object + being + Verb + By + Objective Form.Why was hockey not being played by him?PAST PERFECT TENSEACTIVE VOICEGeneral rulesHelping verb: had.Subjects: all kinds of subjects are used with “had”.Verb: 3rdformSimple sentencesConstruction of Simple sentencesSubject + 3rdform of Verb + Object.Negative sentencesConstruction of negative sentencesSubject + Helping verb + not + 3rdform of verb + Object.Interrogative sentencesSimple Interrogative sentences ConstructionHelping verb + Subject + 3rdform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + 3rdform of Verb + object +?Interrogative and NegativeSimple interrogative and negative sentences construction
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 14Helping verb + Subject + Not + 3rdform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative and negative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + Not + 3rdform of verb + Object +?PASSIVE VOICEHelping verbs: had.“Been” is used after helping verb and before verb.Objects: only “had” is used with all kinds of objects.Form of verb: 3rdform of verbSimple passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + been + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey had been played by him.Negative passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Not + been + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey had not been played by him.Interrogative passive voiceHelping verb +Object + been + Verb + By + Objective Form + ?Had hockey been played by him?Interrogative and negativeHelping verb+ Object +not + been + Verb + By + Objective Form.Had hockey not been played by him ?
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 15Double Interrogative and negative sentencesWh word + Helping Verb + Object + been + Verb + By + Objective Form.Why has hockey not been played by him?FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSEACTIVE VOICEGeneral rulesHelping verb: will and shall.Subjects: I, we use “shall”Subjects: he, she, it, you, they, singular name or plural name use “will”Subject: I use “will” when stress is needed.Verb: 1stformSimple sentencesConstruction of Simple sentencesSubject + 1stform of Verb + Object.Negative sentencesConstruction of negative sentencesSubject + Helping verb + not + 1stform of verb + Object.Interrogative sentencesSimple Interrogative sentences ConstructionHelping verb + Subject + 1stform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative sentences construction
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 16“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + 1stform of Verb + object +?Interrogative and NegativeSimple interrogative and negative sentences constructionHelping verb + Subject + Not + 1stform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative and negative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + Not + 1stform of verb + Object +?PASSIVE VOICEHelping verbs: will.“Be” is used after helping verb and before verb.Form of verb: 3rdform of verbSimple passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + be + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey will be played by him.Negative passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Not + be + Verb + by + Objective Form.Example: Hockey will not be played by him.Interrogative passive voiceHelping verb +Object + be + Verb + by + Objective Form +?Will hockey be played by him?Interrogative and negative
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 17Helping verb+ Object +not + be + Verb + by + Objective Form.Will hockey not be played by him?Double Interrogative and negative sentencesWh word + Helping Verb + Object + be + Verb + By + Objective Form.Why will hockey not be played by him?FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSEACTIVE VOICEGeneral rulesHelping verb: will be and shall be.Subjects: I, we use “shall be”Subjects: he, she, it, you, they, singular or plural name use “will be”Subject: I use “will be” when stress is needed.Verb: 4thformSimple sentencesConstruction of Simple sentencesSubject + helping verb + be + 4thform of Verb + Object.Negative sentencesConstruction of negative sentencesSubject + Helping verb + not + be + 4thform of verb + Object.Interrogative sentencesSimple Interrogative sentences Construction
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 18Helping verb + Subject + be + 4thform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + be + 4thform of Verb + object +?Interrogative and NegativeSimple interrogative and negative sentences constructionHelping verb + Subject + Not + be + 4thform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative and negative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + Not +be + 4thform of verb + Object +?PASSIVE VOICEHelping verbs: will be and shall be.“Being” is used after helping verb and before verbForm of verb: 3rdform of verbSimple passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + being + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey will be being played by him.Negative passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + Not + being + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey will not be being played by him.Interrogative passive voiceHelping verb +Object + being +Verb + By + Objective Form + ?
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 19Will hockey be being played by him?Interrogative and negativeHelping verb+ Object +not + being + Verb + By + Objective Form.Will hockey not be being played by him?Double Interrogative and negative sentencesWh word + Helping Verb + Object + being +Verb + By + Objective Form.Why will hockey not be being played by him?FUTURE PERFECT TENSEACTIVE VOICEGeneral rulesHelping verb: Will have/shall have.“Have” is always used before verbSubjects: I, we “shall have”Subjects: we, you, they, he, she, it, singular or plural name use “will have”Verb: 3rdformSimple sentencesConstruction of Simple sentences“Subject+3rdform of Verb + Object”.Negative sentencesConstruction of negative sentencesSubject + Helping verb + not + 3rdform of verb + Object.
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 20Interrogative sentencesSimple Interrogative sentences ConstructionHelping verb + Subject + 3rdform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + 3rdform of Verb + object +?Interrogative and NegativeSimple interrogative and negative sentences constructionHelping verb + Subject + Not + 3rdform of verb + Object +?Double interrogative and negative sentences construction“Wh” word + Helping verb + Subject + Not + 3rdform of verb + Object +?PASSIVE VOICEHelping verbs: will have been/shall have been.“Been” is always used after helping verb and before verbObjects: use of “will have been”Form of verb: 3rdform of verbSimple passive voiceObject + Helping Verb + been + Verb + By + Objective Form.Example: Hockey will have been played by him.Negative passive voice
  • GULFAM RAZA HAIDERY Page 21Object + Helping Verb + Not +have + been+ Verb + by + Objective Form.Example: Hockey will not have been played by him.Interrogative passive voiceHelping verb +Object + have + been + Verb + By + Objective Form + ?Will hockey have been played by him?Interrogative and negativeHelping verb+ Object +not + have + been + Verb + By + Objective Form.Will hockey not have been played by him?Double Interrogative and negative sentencesWh word + Helping Verb + Object + have + been+ Verb + By + Objective Form.Why will hockey not have been played by him?