writing process


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  • Essential for what??
  • Purpose determines the style of your writing. For example, if you want to describe something, you use descriptive language or if you want to give information, you use informative language.
  • This stage will be discussed in detail in third unit. Do not cover all now.
  • Uhuuuuuu çok iyi olmuşş…
  • writing process

    1. 1. UNIT-1 The Writing Process
    2. 2. Process Writing <ul><li>Means learning how to write working through several steps. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Why do we need a writing process ? <ul><li>It can help writers organize their thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>It can help writers avoid frustration. </li></ul><ul><li>It can help writers use their time productively and efficiently. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Stages of the Writing Process <ul><li>There are several stages to the Writing Process. Each stage is essential. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prewriting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drafting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revising & Editing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final draft </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. STEP- I : Prewriting <ul><li>Determine your </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>* Audience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>* Purpose </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Explore your topic and brainstorm. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a plan </li></ul>
    6. 6. Determine Your Audience <ul><li>Your Audience is composed of those who will read your writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who are my readers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do my readers know about my topic? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do my readers need to know about my topic? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do my readers feel about my topic? </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><ul><li>What do my readers expect? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Logical presentation of ideas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Correct grammar and spelling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accurate information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Followed directions of the assignment!!! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are my length requirements? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is my time limit? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What format should be used? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Determine Your Purpose <ul><li>Purpose is the reason you are writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever you write, you always have a purpose . Most writing has the following purposes : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to explain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to give information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to argue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to communicate… </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Planning Before you begin drafting you r writing , you should make a plan (a roadmap). <ul><li>Academic Paragraph Outline Form </li></ul><ul><li>I- Topic sentence: ____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>II- Supporting Sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>A)     Supporting point: ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>o   Supporting detail: ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>B)    Supporting Point: ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>o   Supporting detail: ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>C)    Supporting Point: ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>o      Supporting detail: _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>III- Concluding sentence : _______________ </li></ul>
    10. 10. STEP-2: Draft ing <ul><li>After getting ideas about our topic and making a plan, it is time to start writing. While writing our rough draft, remember these: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t worry about writing the ‘perfect’ paper for the first time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our goal is to develop the ideas we listed in our outline . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t focus on spelling and grammar, we can ch e ck this later in the writing process. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. STEP-3: Revising & Editing <ul><li>Revising is finding & correcting problems with content ; changing the ideas in your writing to make them clearer, stronger, and more convincing. </li></ul><ul><li>Revising looks at the “Big Picture”—the Idea level. </li></ul>Content and Organization Spelling, Grammar, Punctuation, etc. REVISING EDITING
    12. 12. Revision Tips <ul><li>Take a break from your draft before attempting to revise. </li></ul><ul><li>Read your draft out loud and listen to your words. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine yourself as your reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for problematic areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Get feedback from peers. </li></ul><ul><li>Get help from your teacher ! </li></ul>
    13. 13. Editing <ul><li>Editing is finding and correcting problems with grammar, style, word choice & usage, and punctuation. </li></ul><ul><li>Editing focuses on the “Little Picture”—Word level. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Editing Tips <ul><li>Work with a clean printed copy, double-spaced so that you can easily correct your mistakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Rea d y our paragraph out loud once more. </li></ul><ul><li>Be cautious of spell-check and grammar-check. </li></ul><ul><li>Get feedback from peers. </li></ul>
    15. 15. STEP-4: Final Draft <ul><li>The last step is turning in the final draft of our paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Is it written on A4 paper? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you pay attention to your teacher’s comments in your draft? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you write neatly? </li></ul>
    16. 16. HERE IS A SUMMARY