Isolation And Confinement Final


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Isolation And Confinement Final

  1. 1. isolation and<br />CONFINEMENT<br />Rob Guinness<br />
  2. 2. Ad in the London newspaper, “The Times”, from December 29, 1913<br />
  3. 3. received 5000 applicants…<br />Whydopeoplesubjectthemselves to suchharshenvironments?<br />Whatare the mostchallengingaspects of suchenvironments? <br />
  4. 4. “What do you know about exploring?”<br />
  5. 5. My background<br />Why?<br />Bachelor in physicsWashington University in St. Louis (USA)<br />Master of Science in Space StudiesInternational Space University in Strasbourg (France)<br />Interdisciplinary, International, and Intercultural studies<br />Four years work experience with NASA, mostly at Johnson Space Center in Houston, TX.<br />I have worked mostly with International Space Station program and planned human lunar exploration.<br />Came to Laurea in December 2009 to work on SATERISK and Mayflyprojects.<br /><ul><li>Wanted to study astronomy, but professor said I should learn basic physics first.St. Louis is my hometown, and my father works at Wash. U.
  6. 6. I have a passion for space exploration.My friend’s husband encouraged me to apply for a scholarship to ISU. Studying in France sounded fun.
  7. 7. Went to JSC for my ISU internship. Houston is a (the?) major center for humanspaceflight.
  8. 8. I have a passion for lunarexploration, but the firstjob I wasofferedwaswith ISS program, so I tookit…
  9. 9. Met a beautiful, amazingFinnishwomanin Strasbourg in 2005 (gotmarriedlastweekend).</li></li></ul><li>What I am not…<br />Not a psychologist…<br />Not a securityexpert…<br />Not a ”lecturer”…<br />The following is presented as thoughts, questions, and suggestions, not as answers.<br />Pleaseaskquestions, challenge me, and contribute to thisdiscussion…<br />
  10. 10. Morality,<br />Creativity, Acceptance...<br />Self-<br />Actualization<br />Respect, Achievement, Status, Responsibility, etc.<br />Esteem Needs<br />Family, Relationships,<br />Love, Affection, Work Group, etc.<br />Protection, Security, Order, Law, Stability, etc.<br />Food, Water, Oxygen, Shelter, Warmth, Sleep, etc.<br />Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs<br />Social Needs<br />Safety Needs<br />Physiological Needs<br />Adaptedfrom ”A Theory of Human Motivation”<br />by A. H. Maslow, published in PsychologicalReview, 1943.<br />
  11. 11. Wheredo<br />isolation and<br />fit?<br />CONFINEMENT<br />
  12. 12. The Polar Night<br />”The dreaded polar night is not really that dreadful—it has been endured without ill effects by many explorers and countless indigenous inhabitants of the Arctic regions—but it took a terrible toll on the crew of the Belgica.”<br />
  13. 13. What are some modern-day examples of extreme<br />isolation and<br />CONFINEMENT<br />?<br />
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  15. 15. ISS “Exploded View”<br />
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  21. 21. If a picture is worth a thousandwords, a video is worth….<br />
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  23. 23. On the whole, while for animals in the case of rearrangement of the daily regime the physical inputs (light, temperature, and so on) are of primary importance, for man, as quite rightly emphasized by Kuznetsov, more significant are the psychic activity, the volitional drive to perform the daily schedule, and the ability to reorganize oneself quickly in accordance with the changing situation. <br />We found that adaptation of the physiological functions to the new rhythm is particularly difficult in those individuals who constantly try to imagine what is taking place at every instant of the day outside the chamber.<br />