Three female refugees whose husbands were killed
A Dutch woman distributing gifts to returning British prisoners
As soon as war broke out women began to take on roles previously reserved for men, from law enforcement to the civil service and from the post office to farm labouring.
The suffragette leader, Emmeline Pankhurst, is arrested outside Buckingham Palace in May 1914, a matter of months before the outbreak of hostilities. Admiration for
womens' war work was a useful factor in accelerating the struggle and bringing about the Representation of the People's Bill in 1917. Full voting equality wasn't achieved until
There were anti-German riots in Britain from the start of the war, only heightened by events such as the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915. Given that many of them would already
have lost husbands, sons and brothers at the front, the enthusiastic participation of some women wasn't surprising.
Rose Cohn, journalist Dorothy Day and Charlotte
Margolies wearing sashes stating "Keep Out of War" in
protest against the US joining the war.
German women working as window washers
A German woman making Iron Cross
medals awarded to soldiers for
A woman munitions worker welds at a work bench in an armaments factory, 1915.
Female WWI war workers mix chemicals in a munitions plant abril de 1917
British women employed as porters re shortage
of men during World War I.1915
Members of the Women’s Fire Brigade with their Chief Officer, March 1916.
Women police appointed for duty at a munitions works trying on new boots. United Kingdom, 30th January 1917.
Young women from Lowell in Massachusetts team up to form America’s first Women’s Death Battalion during World War I, inspired by their Russian counterparts, circa 1917.
Polish women working for the relief of refugees
Members of the Russian women's "Battalion of Death" training in Petrograd.
A despatch rider in the Women’s Royal Air Force (WRAF) enjoying a tea break while seated on her Phelon & Moore 500cc single cylinder motorcycle circa 1918.
A mother carries her sick son through Belgrade, Serbia, hoping to find him some aid. Her daughter walks beside them. They are war refugees left homeless by World War
An old woman picks lice or bugs from the scalp of a young boy. Their family are refugees from the fighting of World War I. Serbia, December 1918. | Location: Leskovac,
The women nurse and volunteer workers have been found to be practically indispensable in alleviating the sufferings of the wounded and mitigating the evils of the
battlefield. It is the women who are the real heroes of the war. Braving death in the trenches from the bullets of the enemy, these heroic women continue their work from
early morn to late night, inspired only by the good they are accomplishing. The photograph shows some of these self-sacrificing First Aid Nurses of the British Yeomanry
Corps at work in the trenches. They are placing a wounded soldier on the stretcher.
A nurse checks the temperature
of a soldier in a military hospital.
abril de 1918
Women workers at Vickers Ltd. making shells ca. 1915
This German woman and her baby were some of
thousands expelled by Poland after the war.
Group of women working on an automobile engine re shortage of men during World War I. United Kingdom 1916
Austria-Hungarian soldiers executing Serbian women
English nurses tending to wounded soldiers close to the front.
Serbian women driven from their homes by German forces
Women workers were called on and trained to perform non conventional jobs during World War One.
A portrait of a woman war worker as she drives her
trolley around the factory floor at Chillwell shellfilling factory in Nottinghamshire. She is wearing
overalls and a cap.
Women war workers stencil shells at the
National Filling Factory, Chilwell. On the
right hand side, two women each push a
sack barrow carrying a shell towards the
Men and women use wooden mallets to secure the tops of shells in the 'Melting House' of the National Filling Factory, Chilwell.
WRNS officer recruits undergoing rifle instruction at Crystal Palace, London, during the First World War.
A WRNS officer recruit undergoing rifle instruction at Crystal Palace, London, during the First World War.
Interior of a ward on a British Ambulance Train in France
Interior of an ambulance-train ward, France, during World
War I. This image is very striking due to the lighting and
the tunnel effect of the train carriage, which is emphasised
by the parallel lines of the wooden panelling on the roof.
Two nurses are busy tending the wounded while two
officers survey the scene from the top of the carriage.
Ambulance trains were used in the main to transport large
groups of soldiers to the French coast so that they could
return to England, normally through Dover, for treatment
A FANY (First Aid Nursing
Yeomanry) with male helper
carrying out repairs to an
ambulance at St Omer, France
A female worker assists with
the alignment of a ship's
propeller on Tyneside,
A female worker lies inside the barrel of a naval gun to clean the rifling at the Ordnance Works, Coventry, England
A points-woman uses her right
arm to signal to an oncoming
engine from her position
beside the tracks
A woman drives a trolley train across a busy factory floor at the National Filling Factory, Chilwell, Nottingham
A woman fitter working on an aeroplane propeller at Frederick Tibbenham Ltd in Ipswich, England
A woman operator in a
signal box on a siding at the
Great Central Railway in
A woman war worker fixes nose clips on to gas masks at a factory in Bermondsey, London, England
The Duchess of Sutherland with wounded soldiers at her hospital at Calais in 1917
Cemeteries on the Western Front During the FIrst World War. Members of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAACs) tending the graves of fallen British soldiers in a
cemetery at Abbeville,1918 France
Female bricklayers at work on a building site in Lancashire, England
Five drivers of the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry (FANY) in their issued fur coats at Calais, France
Head and shoulders portrait of a cheerful Canadian nurse
Nurses on a British ambulance train near Doullens with their pet canaries.The canaries were kept not only to cheer the wounded but also to give warning of gas attacks.
Sergeant Major Flora Sandes who
had seen active service and a
Serbian officer, Salonika, Greece
Two young women operate machinery in the works of Armstrong Whitworthâ€™s and Co
VAD (Voluntary Aid Detachment) fitters at work on a car at Etaples
Woman trolley driver at
Liverpool Street Station,
Women driver and conductor on board their tram,
somewhere in Scotland
Women workers salvaging bricks from a bomb damaged area
Women's Auxiliary Army Corps tending the graves of the fallen in France
Women's Auxiliary Army Corps: Two WAACs tending fat boilers situated out of doors in an infantry camp at Rouen
Members of the Women's Fire Brigade on a fire drill with hoses and extingushers at full force, March 1916.
Occupied France. An encounter between French civilians and a German guard in occupied France. Ten percent of eastern France remained in the possession of the
German Army for the war's duration. During the occupation, many thousands of civilians, including teenage girls and boys, were taken away for forced labor. Everything of
value, including the contents of shops and factories, household goods and personal possessions, and even church bells, was confiscated and removed to Germany. Local
foodstuffs and livestock were seized and fed to the occupying army, causing civilian malnutrition.
Suffering of Armenians: An Armenian woman kneels beside a dead child lying in a field in Syria. The Armenians had been forcibly uprooted from their homes and marched
south toward the Syrian Desert by the Turks.
1918 A French woman kneels upon bringing flowers to a soldier's grave site.
Three women brick workers pose for the camera with their shovels and their wheeled skip for conveying clay from the mills for silica brickmaking, somewhere in South
A member of the Women Porters At Marylebone Station Group giving a Great Central Railways carriage a thorough clean, 1914.
Many women found work in munitions factories during the war leaving some propagandists the task of trying to reconcile this direct contribution to the slaughter on the front
with the so-called traditional feminine role of 'life-giver'.
One woman writing for the magazine of a projectile factory she was working in said: "the fact that I am using my life's energy to destroy human souls gets on my nerves". She
was proud that she was "doing what I can to bring this horrible affair to an end. But once the war is over, never in creation will I do the same thing again".
Women 'Crane girls' at work at the
National Filling Factory, Chilwell
Women at Work During the
First World War: Munitions
German women employed in a german
Women war workers
gauge the thickness of
the heads of shells at
Two women war workers push a truck load of shells at Woolwich
Women war workers fill machine
gun belts at the Inspection
Building, Park Royal, London