Shot/Reverse Shot Definition A shot is taken over the shoulder of one of the characters to show the other character speaking. The next shot is of the same type but the other way round. These shots are then taken together and used in a conversation sequence to provide a break from shots showing the characters the two characters together. Dramatic Meaning Links together two characters, often in conversation.
Eyeline Match Definition A type of edit which cuts from a character to what the character is looking at. Dramatic Meaning Can be used for audiences to possibly empathise with a particular character.
Graphic Match Definition An editing effect in which two different objects of the same shape dissolve from one into the other. Dramatic Meaning Smoothens the transition, but can be used for metaphorical associations.
Action Match Definition Usually referred to as match-on-action- the actions of a character are continued in the following shot. Dramatic Meaning Adds variety and dynamism.
Jump Cut Definition A type of editing which breaks the continuity of the viewing experience. Dramatic Meaning Jump cuts are used expressively, to suggest the ruminations or ambivalences of a character. Jump cuts draw attention to the telling such a story.
Cross-Cutting Definition The process of editing from one simultaneous scene to another and then usually back to the original scene. Dramatic Meaning The two actions and characters are linked together in some capacity.
Parallel Editing Definition A type of editing which allows two or more possibly connected stories in a text to run at the same time. Scenes are not necessarily simultaneous. Dramatic Meaning Strictly speaking this differs from cross-cutting in the sense that instead of cuts occurring simultaneously to one another it is instead over time.
Cutaway Definition A cut with an instantaneous distancing from the previous shot, though of the same object or character. The new shot is not one seen in the master shot. Dramatic Meaning The two actions and characters are linked together in some capacity.
Insert Definition A cut to a close-up of something that is seen in the master shot. Dramatic Meaning The two actions and characters are linked together in some capacity.
Long Take Dramatic Meaning Decisively influences a film’s rhythm. Depending on how much movement is included, a long take can make a film tense, stagnant and spell-binding, or daring, flowing and carefree
Short Take Dramatic Meaning Often used to demonstrate a sense of pace or action
Slow motion Dramatic Meaning Heightens emotions
Ellipsis Dramatic Meaning Condenses the time- can heighten emotional states
Expansion Dramatic Meaning Can be used to increase tension