Exceptional Needs


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Exceptional Needs

  1. 1. Kayla Colang<br />Students with Exceptional Needs<br />
  2. 2. has difficulty understanding and following instructions<br />has trouble remembering what someone just told him or her<br />fails to master reading, spelling, writing, and/or math skills <br />lacks coordination in walking, sports, or small activities such as holding a pencil or tying a shoelace<br />Easily frustrated<br />How do we identify children with learning disabilities?<br />
  3. 3. short-term or long-term memory<br />impulsive behavior; lack of reflective thought prior to action<br />Excessive movement<br />movement during sleep<br />poor peer relationships<br />poor visual-motor coordination<br />Continued..<br />
  4. 4. Information Processing Model<br />
  5. 5. The information process model describes learning as a series of components that involve sensory stimulation/input, processing, and thinking. <br />Using the information processing model helps us to understand the components of learning and this allows us to explain learning disabilities in a concrete way.<br />
  6. 6. Primary causes of learning disabilities have been shown through research to be genetic for the most part.<br />It has been shown in many studies that if a parent has some sort of learning disability the child is four to thirteen times more likely to end up with a learning disability as well. <br />neurological including connection within the brain could also be a primary cause.<br />Primary cause of disabilities?<br />
  7. 7. <ul><li>Sensory Memory-
  8. 8. Sensory memory retains the brief impression of a sensory stimulus after the stimulus itself has ended.
  9. 9. There are various specific issues about sensory memory: first, it is a high capacity form of memory registration of visual data.
  10. 10. Second, information in the sensory memory is un-interpreted.
  11. 11. Third, sensory memory is short; visual information, for example, fades away in less than a second</li></li></ul><li>Definitions<br />SHORT TERM MEMORY<br />Retention of information that undergoes little processing or interpretation and can be recalled for only a few seconds. Short-term memory can retain about seven items.<br />LONG TERM MEMORY<br />There are three types of long term memory.<br />Episodic memory refers to our ability to recall personal experiences from our past.<br />Semantic memory stores facts and generalized information.<br />Procedural memory refers to the ability to remember how to perform a task or to employ a strategy.<br />
  12. 12. How does each affects a student with learning disabilities?<br />Sensory memory affects students with disabilities by:<br />You lose concentration in class during a lecture<br />Your ability to see motion can be attributed to sensory memory. An image previously seen must be stored long enough to compare to the new image.<br />If someone is reading to you, you must be able to remember the words at the beginning of a sentence in order to understand the entire sentence.<br />Short term memory affects students by:<br /> not being able to add more than seven numbers at a time.<br /> Not being able to comprehend a story that was read to them minutes ago. <br />
  13. 13. Long Term Memory affects children with disabilities by:<br />not being able to recall previous situations in their life, to help them learn from their mistakes<br />Semantic memory stores facts and generalized information, and with out that memory, information is hard to absorb.<br />With out procedural memory it will be hard for a child to perform a task that a teacher or parents has assigned the child to perform. <br />Continued..<br />