Exceptional Needs

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  • 1. Kayla Colang
    Students with Exceptional Needs
  • 2. has difficulty understanding and following instructions
    has trouble remembering what someone just told him or her
    fails to master reading, spelling, writing, and/or math skills
    lacks coordination in walking, sports, or small activities such as holding a pencil or tying a shoelace
    Easily frustrated
    How do we identify children with learning disabilities?
  • 3. short-term or long-term memory
    impulsive behavior; lack of reflective thought prior to action
    Excessive movement
    movement during sleep
    poor peer relationships
    poor visual-motor coordination
    Continued..
  • 4. Information Processing Model
  • 5. The information process model describes learning as a series of components that involve sensory stimulation/input, processing, and thinking.
    Using the information processing model helps us to understand the components of learning and this allows us to explain learning disabilities in a concrete way.
  • 6. Primary causes of learning disabilities have been shown through research to be genetic for the most part.
    It has been shown in many studies that if a parent has some sort of learning disability the child is four to thirteen times more likely to end up with a learning disability as well.
    neurological including connection within the brain could also be a primary cause.
    Primary cause of disabilities?
  • 7.
    • Sensory Memory-
    • 8. Sensory memory retains the brief impression of a sensory stimulus after the stimulus itself has ended.
    • 9. There are various specific issues about sensory memory: first, it is a high capacity form of memory registration of visual data.
    • 10. Second, information in the sensory memory is un-interpreted.
    • 11. Third, sensory memory is short; visual information, for example, fades away in less than a second
  • Definitions
    SHORT TERM MEMORY
    Retention of information that undergoes little processing or interpretation and can be recalled for only a few seconds. Short-term memory can retain about seven items.
    LONG TERM MEMORY
    There are three types of long term memory.
    Episodic memory refers to our ability to recall personal experiences from our past.
    Semantic memory stores facts and generalized information.
    Procedural memory refers to the ability to remember how to perform a task or to employ a strategy.
  • 12. How does each affects a student with learning disabilities?
    Sensory memory affects students with disabilities by:
    You lose concentration in class during a lecture
    Your ability to see motion can be attributed to sensory memory. An image previously seen must be stored long enough to compare to the new image.
    If someone is reading to you, you must be able to remember the words at the beginning of a sentence in order to understand the entire sentence.
    Short term memory affects students by:
    not being able to add more than seven numbers at a time.
    Not being able to comprehend a story that was read to them minutes ago.
  • 13. Long Term Memory affects children with disabilities by:
    not being able to recall previous situations in their life, to help them learn from their mistakes
    Semantic memory stores facts and generalized information, and with out that memory, information is hard to absorb.
    With out procedural memory it will be hard for a child to perform a task that a teacher or parents has assigned the child to perform.
    Continued..