South Carolina Exposition- Against the tariff of 1828, S. Carolina denounced the tax as being unjust, unconstitutional and called for nullification of the tariff by the states.
Concept of Revolution of 1828- More common folks voting due to Universal male suffrage.
Spoils System- Rewarding political supporters with public offices. Built potent personalized political machine, lubricated by gifts from expected party members and % levy on office holders. Made the best fit officials not want to work in office for fear of being removed after their political candidate is out of office.
Robert Y. Hayne- Voice of the South in the nullification of the Tariff.
Daniel Webster- Voice of N.E. His reply to null. Inspired Northerners on the issue of Union.
Adams Land Policy- Banned Westerners who wanted native Lands land. Adams try to fairly deal with Cherokee Indians about to be removed by white settlers.
Nullies- Nullifiers try to get 2/3 vote in Senate to nullify the 1828 Tariff, but the Union blocked them out.
Tariff of 1832- Offed the fuse of the earlier tariff, met some of the Southern demands, and reduced tax by 10%.
Compromise Tariff 1833- Henry Clay’s proposed Compromise to S. Carolina’s nullification, T. 1833 will reduce the Tariff 1832 by 10% over the course of 8 yrs.
Force Bill- (Bloody Bill) Authority of the president to use navy/army if necessary to collect federal tariff duties.
Clay’s Recharter Plan- Get congress to approve recharter bill then send it to W. House. If Jackson approves the bill, he will be alienated by his Western supporter. If he vetoes he will loose the support of the $ influential groups of the East in the next election.
Elias Howe- Made sewing machine in 1846. Isaac Singer perfected in and gave another boost to the Industrialization
Limited Liability- Help concentration of capital, investors in legal case/bankruptcy lost only the amount they put in.
Boston Associates- Dominated textile, railroad, insurance, and banking.
Working Man’s Party- Goals= 10 hr wrk day, higher wages, tolerable wrk places, pub. Education for their kids, and End to inhumane imprisonment by debtors.
Domestic Feminism- Women playing a large role in the decision to have fewer kids signifies growing power & influence of women wrapped in “domestic cult” and led to establishment of modern families as small, affectionate, child centered, arenas for women’s talents.