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Global Slide (Robert, Chelsea, Jasmine, Emily)

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MRS REGNIER HERE'S OUR SLIDES …

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  • 1. SOUTHEAST ASIA: THE GEOGRAPHY
    • Southeast Asia of the countries we now call Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, and the Philippines.
    • Southeast Asia lies between the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
    • It stretches from Asia to Australia.
    • It consists of the mainland (peninsula) and the islands.
    • The climate is tropical; warm and humid. There is a long rainy season brought on by monsoon winds.
    • The region of Southeast Asia is very divided; seas separate the islands, and five rivers, mountains and valleys separate the mainland.
    • The separation has made communication between different areas difficult, and over time Southeast Asia has become a very diverse region with many different cultures and languages.
    • In history, trade was a very important thing because of Southeast Asia’s location; the have the most direct sea route between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea.
  • 2. GEOGRAPHY OF KOREA
    • Mountainous region, small amount of farmland
    • Hot in summer, very cold in winter
    • Located on a peninsula that juts out towards Japan from the Asian mainland
    • Mountain barriers lie north of its boarders
    • Due to its geography, Korea established a slight isolation from its neighbors
  • 3. EARLY KOREAN HISTORY
    • Before Korea was conquered by China it was ruled by tribes
    • Tribes became federations, strongest one (Silla) chased out Chinese
    • The Silla Empire lasted three centuries and was very peaceful and
    • prosperous
    • Korean arts, religion, commerce and education developed rapidly
    • during Silla rule
    • The Sillian capital was Kyongjn City
    • As an independent nation, Korea kept strong ties with China, and
    • adopted Buddhism and Confucian political ideas from China
  • 4. KOREAN DYNASTYS
    • Legend suggests that foundation was from a hero named Tan’gun, whose father was a god and mother a bear.
    • Another belief was that royal decedents of the Chinese Song dynasty founded it
    • Han Dynasty conquered Korea, but after uniting under Silla rule the Koreans forced them out
    • The Koryu Dynasty fell due to the constant invasions by the Mongols, and internal invasions
    • The period of Koryu rule was known for its education, writings, and arts
    • The Korean held strong to its traditions and native culture. However, they also applied Chinese belief to their culture to help maintain their needs
  • 5. The Koryu Dynasty
    • A rebel officer named Wong Kon gained control of the country and became king.
    • Koryu is an abbreviation of the word Koguryo (one of the three kingdoms).
    • The Koryu Dynasty lasted 4 and a half centuries.
    • Mostly benefited the Chinese more than the Koreans.
    • In 1392 the Koryu Dynasty was overthrown by a group of scholar-officials and military leaders.
    • The Dynasty was renamed and called the Choson or Yi Dynasty.
  • 6. Koryu Culture
    • Produced pottery
    • Spent 60 years carving thousands of large wooden blocks for printing an entire canon of Buddhist scripture.
    • More than 81,000 blocks in the new set of rebuilt blocks, after being destroyed, remain in Korea today.
  • 7. The Khmer Empire
    • The Khmer empire held the most power in Southeast Asia.
    • The Funan kingdom dominated trade over sea between India and China.
    • In 1200, Funan kingdom seized the most power.
    • Khmer empire built elaborate irrigation systems and waterways to increase the production of rice.
    • The capital of the Khmer Empire is Angkor.
          • It is best known for the architectural buildings and monuments dedicated to Vishnu, the Angkor Wat
    • http://www.farhorizon.com/Southeast_Asia/images-khmer/bot_Angkor-Wat-sunset_lg.jpg
    • http://www.blog.artthailand.net/wp-content/uploads/Angkor_Wat_from_the_air.jpg
    Angkor Wat By Emily Wu
  • 8. Influence of India and China
    • In the first century A.D., Indian merchants arrived to Southeast Asia.
    • Missionaries brought their beliefs of Hinduism and Buddhism.
    • Indian politics, religion, and way of life became models for their culture.
    • Chinese culture and ideas traveled through migration and trade.
    • http://www.aarweb.org/syllabus/syllabi/l/lubin/1JM9H/103page_files/toumuB.jpg
    • http://www.puregoldphil.com/images/philippines/china.jpg
    Southeast Asian Indian Southeast Asian Chinese By Emily Wu
  • 9. Island Trading Kingdoms
    • The Sailendra dynasty ruled on the island of Java.
    • In 800, a Buddhist temple was built in Borobudur to symbolize the influences of the Indians.
    • The Srivijaya empire came to power by the domination of the Sailendra dynasty.
          • The empire ruled the waters of the Strait of Malacca, Sumatra, Borneo, and Java.
    • Palembang, the capital of the Srivijaya Empire, held a great Buddhist center in which people studied about Buddhism.
    • http://static.flickr.com/52/167786910_1142ed4b10.jpg
    • http://www.sacredsites.com/asia/indonesia/images/buddha-statue-atop-500.jpg
    Borobudur’s Buddhist temple By Emily Wu
  • 10. VIETNAM
    • Vietnam was the only Southeast Asian country least influenced by India
    • Located just south of China, Vietnam was initially ruled by China, then were freed in 939
    • Vietnam mixed traditional culture with Chinese belief, such as Buddhism
    • As its own independent nation, it expanded by slowly conquering its neighbors