Rest And Sleep Pp
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Rest And Sleep Pp

on

  • 3,451 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
3,451
Views on SlideShare
3,444
Embed Views
7

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
148
Comments
1

4 Embeds 7

http://study.myllps.com 4
http://jujo00obo2o234ungd3t8qjfcjrs3o6k-a-sites-opensocial.googleusercontent.com 1
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1
http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • I truly learned something essential from your presentation. Thank you for sharing.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Rest And Sleep Pp Rest And Sleep Pp Presentation Transcript

  • Rest and Sleep: Foundations of Nursing Nursing 111 Foundations of Nursing Nancy Duphily
  • Rest and Sleep
    • Rest: state in which motor/cognitive response decreased, awareness of environment maintained
    • Sleep: naturally occurring altered state of consciousness characterized by decreased awareness
    • and responsiveness to stimuli
  • Functions of Sleep
    • Returns the body to its physiological and psychological state
    • Slows the functions of the body
    • Repairs epithelial and brain cells
    • Increases protein synthesis, cell division, tissue renewal
  • Functions of Sleep
    • Helps the body to conserve energy (BMR decreases)
    • Increases oxygen, leading to increased cerebral blood flow, improved memory,
    • increased learning
    • Moral: Get sleep before a test!
  • Sleep Regulation
    • Reticular Activating System (RAS)
    • Bulbar Synchronizing Region
  • Sleep Deprivation Symptoms
    • Decreased reflexes,response time,judgment, hearing and sight, motivation
    • Cardiac Arrhythmias
    • Irritability
    • Confusion
    • Agitation
  • Sleep Cycle Changes
    • Stage I NREM :light sleep, short stage, decreased vital signs, noise awakens one easily; “daydreaming”
    • Stage II NREM : Sound sleep; 10-20 minutes; increased relaxation
    • Stage III NREM: Begins deep sleep; decreased movement; decreased vital signs; last 15-30 minutes
  • Sleep Cycle Stages
    • Stage IV NREM: Deepest sleep; difficult to awaken; 15-30 minutes; sleepwalking and bedwetting can happen here
    • REM Sleep: dreams (color); changes in vital signs; begins ninety minutes after the start of sleep; difficult to awaken; averages 20 minutes
    • 1-2-3-4-3-2-REM typical cycle
  • Diagnostic Sleep Tests
    • Polysomnogram
    • EEG: electroencephalogram
    • EMG: electromyogram
    • EOG: electrooculogram
  • Factors Affecting Sleep
    • Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS)
    • Exercise and Fatigue
    • Food and Caloric Intake
    • Physical Environment
    • Illnesses
    • Substances
    • Stress
  • Conditions For Proper Rest
    • Physical Comfort
    • Freedom from worry
    • Sufficient sleep
  • Sleep Requirements Across the Life Span
    • Newborns/Infants
    • Toddlers
    • Preschool
    • School age
  • Sleep Requirements Across the Life span
    • Adolescents
    • Adults
    • Elderly
  • Sleep Assessment
    • Daily exercise
    • Sleep Cycle
    • Sleep Environment
    • Food and Fluids
    • Relaxation /Exercise
    • Coping, stress
    • Vocation
  • Nursing Diagnosis:Disturbed Sleep Pattern
    • PLAN,IMPLEMENTATION:
    • Client Teaching( sleep hygiene,medication
    • Support Bedtime Rituals
    • Creating a Restful Environment
    • Promote Comfort and Relaxation
    • EVALUATION: client describes measures to induce sleep
  • Sleep Medications
    • Sedative- Hypnotic Medications
    • Antianxiety Medications
    • Onset and Duration
    • Effect on NREM,REM Sleep
    • Dosing
    • Medication Dependency
  • Common Sleep Disorders
    • Parasomnia: behavior interfering with sleep or that occurs with sleep
    • Primary disorders: the client’s sleep problem is the main disorder
    • Secondary disorders; sleep disturbances caused by other clinical conditions
  • Parasomnias
    • Arousal disorders: sleepwalking, sleep terrors
    • Sleep wake transition disorders: sleep talking
    • REM sleep disorders: nightmares
    • Other: bruxism,nocturnal enuresis, periodic limb movements
  • Primary Sleep Disorders
    • Insomnia
    • Hypersomina
    • Narcolepsy
    • Sleep Apnea
    • Sleep Deprivation
  • Secondary Sleep Disorders
    • Depression
    • Alcoholism
    • Dementia
    • Parkinson’s disease
    • COPD
    • Thyroid disease
  • Question: What is Sleep?
    • Sri Ramana Maharishi: “How can you know sleep when you are awake? The answer is to go to sleep and find out what it is.”
    • Q: “But I cannot know it in this way.”
    • Maharishi: “This question must be raised in sleep.”
    • Q: “But I cannot raise the question then.”
    • Maharishi: “So that is sleep”.