Module13

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Module13

  1. 1. The Behaviorist Theory<br />By: Sam Barnette<br />
  2. 2. What is Behaviorism?<br />The prediction and control of human behavior where independent thinking plays no real part in its teaching methods<br />Belief that men could be studied based on their behavior<br />A school of thought began in the 19th century <br />
  3. 3. Major Theorists of Behaviorism<br />B.F Skinner<br />Ivan Pavlov<br />Albert Bandura<br />Some other theorists include:<br />John B. Watson<br />Edward Lee Thorndike<br />Rudolf Carnap<br />B.F. Skinner<br />
  4. 4. Types of Behaviorism<br />Methodical (Watson)<br />Radical (Skinner)<br />Teleological (post-Skinner thought)<br />Theoretical (post-Skinner thought)<br />Biological (post- Skinner thought)<br />Psychological (Arthur Staats)<br />These movements were the primary, but not only thoughts within the behaviorist movement. Many thoughts branched from those of Skinner and Watson and focused on the study of human behavior in schools. <br />
  5. 5. Behaviorist Ideas<br />Pavlov and classic conditioning: natural response a human has to a certain stimuli (experimented with a dog salivating at the sound of a bell because after the bells “dings”, the dog gets food)<br /> Behaviorists found that humans are conditioned based on what they are conditioned for (the more the dog was given food after the bell, the more that became the norm for the dog)<br />
  6. 6. Behaviorist Ideas (Continued)<br />Skinner and operant conditioning: learning is controlled and results in shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns <br />Skinner found that people shape their behavior based on positive reinforcement and rewards (or the stimulus-response theory)<br />Reinforcement is a powerful motivator<br />Bandura’s focus was on social learning to see why it is that Skinner’s theory is true for humans and why we respond well to motivators<br />Observational modeling: watching something and then mimicking the observed behavior<br />
  7. 7. Educational Applications<br />Without technology:<br /><ul><li>Encourage good behavior
  8. 8. Use positive reinforcement (motivators) to reward those students who follow instructions
  9. 9. Show other students they can earn the same rewards for good behaviors
  10. 10. Give the children who do not have good behavior the chance to do so and receive a motivator</li></li></ul><li>Educational Applications<br />With technology:<br /><ul><li>Let children use the computer programs that allow them to succeed or do well
  11. 11. Reward good grades with extra computer time
  12. 12. Loan out educational DVDs to students who have good behavior throughout the week</li></li></ul><li>Sources Cited<br />De Mar, Gary (1989). http://www.forerunner.com/forerunner/X0497_DeMar_-_Behaviorism.html<br />Picture of B.F. Skinner http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/media/229/20070830-skinner.jpg&imgrefurl=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/item/13330&usg=__JJt0y4oF83Ae9e1nAI0jtUd6TTI=&h=452&w=311&sz=31&hl=en&start=3&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=c5LzrT-LFryoCM:&tbnh=127&tbnw=87&prev=/images%3Fq%3Db.f.%2Bskinner%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26tbs%3Disch:1<br />

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