What is Behaviorism? The prediction and control of human behavior where independent thinking plays no real part in its teaching methods Belief that men could be studied based on their behavior A school of thought began in the 19th century
Major Theorists of Behaviorism B.F Skinner Ivan Pavlov Albert Bandura Some other theorists include: John B. Watson Edward Lee Thorndike Rudolf Carnap B.F. Skinner
Types of Behaviorism Methodical (Watson) Radical (Skinner) Teleological (post-Skinner thought) Theoretical (post-Skinner thought) Biological (post- Skinner thought) Psychological (Arthur Staats) These movements were the primary, but not only thoughts within the behaviorist movement. Many thoughts branched from those of Skinner and Watson and focused on the study of human behavior in schools.
Behaviorist Ideas Pavlov and classic conditioning: natural response a human has to a certain stimuli (experimented with a dog salivating at the sound of a bell because after the bells “dings”, the dog gets food) Behaviorists found that humans are conditioned based on what they are conditioned for (the more the dog was given food after the bell, the more that became the norm for the dog)
Behaviorist Ideas (Continued) Skinner and operant conditioning: learning is controlled and results in shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns Skinner found that people shape their behavior based on positive reinforcement and rewards (or the stimulus-response theory) Reinforcement is a powerful motivator Bandura’s focus was on social learning to see why it is that Skinner’s theory is true for humans and why we respond well to motivators Observational modeling: watching something and then mimicking the observed behavior
Loan out educational DVDs to students who have good behavior throughout the week
Sources Cited De Mar, Gary (1989). http://www.forerunner.com/forerunner/X0497_DeMar_-_Behaviorism.html Picture of B.F. Skinner http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/media/229/20070830-skinner.jpg&imgrefurl=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/item/13330&usg=__JJt0y4oF83Ae9e1nAI0jtUd6TTI=&h=452&w=311&sz=31&hl=en&start=3&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=c5LzrT-LFryoCM:&tbnh=127&tbnw=87&prev=/images%3Fq%3Db.f.%2Bskinner%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26tbs%3Disch:1