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Behaviorist Learning Theory

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  • 1. The Behaviorist Theory
    By: Sam Barnette
  • 2. What is Behaviorism?
    The prediction and control of human behavior where independent thinking plays no real part in its teaching methods
    Belief that men could be studied based on their behavior
    A school of thought began in the 19th century
  • 3. Major Theorists of Behaviorism
    B.F Skinner
    Ivan Pavlov
    Albert Bandura
    Some other theorists include:
    John B. Watson
    Edward Lee Thorndike
    Rudolf Carnap
    B.F. Skinner
  • 4. Types of Behaviorism
    Methodical (Watson)
    Radical (Skinner)
    Teleological (post-Skinner thought)
    Theoretical (post-Skinner thought)
    Biological (post- Skinner thought)
    Psychological (Arthur Staats)
    These movements were the primary, but not only thoughts within the behaviorist movement. Many thoughts branched from those of Skinner and Watson and focused on the study of human behavior in schools.
  • 5. Behaviorist Ideas
    Pavlov and classic conditioning: natural response a human has to a certain stimuli (experimented with a dog salivating at the sound of a bell because after the bells “dings”, the dog gets food)
    Behaviorists found that humans are conditioned based on what they are conditioned for (the more the dog was given food after the bell, the more that became the norm for the dog)
  • 6. Behaviorist Ideas (Continued)
    Skinner and operant conditioning: learning is controlled and results in shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns
    Skinner found that people shape their behavior based on positive reinforcement and rewards (or the stimulus-response theory)
    Reinforcement is a powerful motivator
    Bandura’s focus was on social learning to see why it is that Skinner’s theory is true for humans and why we respond well to motivators
    Observational modeling: watching something and then mimicking the observed behavior
  • 7. Educational Applications
    Without technology:
    • Encourage good behavior
    • 8. Use positive reinforcement (motivators) to reward those students who follow instructions
    • 9. Show other students they can earn the same rewards for good behaviors
    • 10. Give the children who do not have good behavior the chance to do so and receive a motivator
  • Educational Applications
    With technology:
    • Let children use the computer programs that allow them to succeed or do well
    • 11. Reward good grades with extra computer time
    • 12. Loan out educational DVDs to students who have good behavior throughout the week
  • Sources Cited
    De Mar, Gary (1989). http://www.forerunner.com/forerunner/X0497_DeMar_-_Behaviorism.html
    Picture of B.F. Skinner http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/media/229/20070830-skinner.jpg&imgrefurl=http://blog.pucp.edu.pe/item/13330&usg=__JJt0y4oF83Ae9e1nAI0jtUd6TTI=&h=452&w=311&sz=31&hl=en&start=3&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=c5LzrT-LFryoCM:&tbnh=127&tbnw=87&prev=/images%3Fq%3Db.f.%2Bskinner%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26tbs%3Disch:1