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    Web Site Web Site Presentation Transcript

    • Somalia By Martinez & Pineda
    • History
      • 1900s Maxamed pioneered traditions Somali nationalism
        • combined Islām and anti-imperialism
        • to transcend clan divisions
      • Somali people organized protests
      • 1954 -1957, Cabinet sought to manage Somali nationalism
    • History
      • 1960 British Somaliland and Italian Somalia gained independence
      • 1969 democratic government was over thrown
      • Same year Siad Barre took charge
    • Barre’s Type of Nationalism
      • Wanted people to have purpose
      • Built on participation and mobilization
      • Wanted to end tribalism
        • To make people of the same group
        • Dominate population
      • Didn’t allow prejudice or discrimination of other social groups
      • Wanted diversity of ethnic
    • Barre
      • 1970 Barre established a socialist dictatorship
      • Government killed any that opposed
      • Through intimidation he gained support
      • 1980s hyperinflation
    • Modern Day
      • 1988 Civil war in Somaliland
      • 1991 coup d'état
        • Created a statelessness
      • 1990s peace prevailed
        • Modern conflict due to small-scale rivalry in a few areas
    • Unification
      • What keeps then together?
        • Language
        • Culture
        • Islam
    • Fighting
      • What causes theses on going wars?
        • tension between clan authority and political evolution
        • modern puritanical Islam vs. traditional Sufi Islam
        • rejection of  foreigners
    • Religious Nationalism
      • Islam came around the fall of Barre it provided a unifying form for the Somalis
      • It provided unification when the Somalis had no form of government