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Web Site

  1. 1. Somalia By Martinez & Pineda
  2. 2. History <ul><li>1900s Maxamed pioneered traditions Somali nationalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>combined Islām and anti-imperialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to transcend clan divisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Somali people organized protests </li></ul><ul><li>1954 -1957, Cabinet sought to manage Somali nationalism </li></ul>
  3. 3. History <ul><li>1960 British Somaliland and Italian Somalia gained independence </li></ul><ul><li>1969 democratic government was over thrown </li></ul><ul><li>Same year Siad Barre took charge </li></ul>
  4. 4. Barre’s Type of Nationalism <ul><li>Wanted people to have purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Built on participation and mobilization </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to end tribalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To make people of the same group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominate population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Didn’t allow prejudice or discrimination of other social groups </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted diversity of ethnic </li></ul>
  5. 5. Barre <ul><li>1970 Barre established a socialist dictatorship </li></ul><ul><li>Government killed any that opposed </li></ul><ul><li>Through intimidation he gained support </li></ul><ul><li>1980s hyperinflation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Modern Day <ul><li>1988 Civil war in Somaliland </li></ul><ul><li>1991 coup d'état </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a statelessness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1990s peace prevailed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern conflict due to small-scale rivalry in a few areas </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Unification <ul><li>What keeps then together? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Fighting <ul><li>What causes theses on going wars? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tension between clan authority and political evolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>modern puritanical Islam vs. traditional Sufi Islam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rejection of  foreigners </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Religious Nationalism <ul><li>Islam came around the fall of Barre it provided a unifying form for the Somalis </li></ul><ul><li>It provided unification when the Somalis had no form of government </li></ul>

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