Australian anthem <ul><li>Australians all let us rejoice For we are young and free We've golden soil and wealth for toil, Our home is girt by sea: Our land abounds in nature's gifts Of beauty rich and rare, In history's page let every stage Advance Australia fair, In joyful strains then let us sing Advance Australia fair. </li></ul>Beneath our radiant Southern Cross, We'll toil with hearts and hands, To make this Commonwealth of ours Renowned of all the lands, For those who've come across the seas We've boundless plains to share, With courage let us all combine To advance Australia fair. In joyful strains then let us sing, Advance Australia fair.
Geography Australia's 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,299 sq. mi) landmass is on the Indo-Australian Plate. Surrounded by the IndianN4 and Pacific oceans, Australia is separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timor seas. Australia has 34,218 kilometres (21,262 mi) of coastline (excluding all offshore islands) and claims an extensive exclusive economic zone of 8,148,250 square kilometres (3,146,057 sq. mi). This exclusive economic zone does not include the Australian Antarctic Territory. The Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef, lies a short distance off the north-east coast and extends for over 2,000 kilometres (1,250 mi). Mount Augustus, claimed to be the world's largest monolith, is located in Western Australia. At 2,228 metres (7,310 ft), Mount Kosciuszko on the Great Dividing Range is the highest mountain on the Australian mainland, although Mawson Peak on the remote Australian territory of Heard Island is taller at 2,745 metres (9,006 ft).
enviroment By far the largest part of Australia is desert or semi-arid. Only the south-east and south-west corners of the continent have a temperate climate. Most of the population lives along the temperate south-eastern coastline. it includes a diverse range of habitats, from alpine heaths to tropical rainforests, and is recognised as a megadiverse country. Because of the continent's great age (and consequent low levels of fertility), its extremely variable weather patterns, and its long-term geographic isolation, much of Australia's biota is unique and diverse. About 85% of flowering plants, 84% of mammals, more than 45% of birds, and 89% of in-shore, temperate-zone fish are endemic. Among well-known Australian fauna are the monotremes (the platypus and the echidna); a host of marsupials, including the kangaroo, the koala, and the wombat; the saltwater and freshwater crocodiles; and birds such as the emu and the kookaburra. The dingo was introduced by Austronesian people who traded with Indigenous Australians around 3000 BCE. Many plant and animal species became extinct soon after first human settlement, including the Australian megafauna;
Sydney opera house Construction of This landmark was started in 1959, completed in 1973 The Sydney Opera House is an expressionist modern design, with a series of large precast concrete 'shells', each taken from a hemisphere of the same radius, forming the roofs of the structure. The Opera House covers 1.8 hectares (4.5 acres) of land. The Opera House was formally opened by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, on October 20, 1973, which a crowd of millions attended. The opening was televised and included fireworks and a performance of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9.
<ul><li>Inside: </li></ul><ul><li>Concert hall with 2679 seats </li></ul><ul><li>Opera theatre with 1574 seats </li></ul><ul><li>Drama theatre with 544 seats </li></ul><ul><li>Playhouse with 398 seats </li></ul><ul><li>Studio theatre with 318 seats </li></ul>
Harbour bridge Construction of This landmark was started in 1923, completed in 1932 Sydney Harbour Bridge is a steel arch bridge across Sydney Harbour, carrying rail, vehicular, and pedestrian traffic between the Sydney central business district (CBD) and the North Shore, together with the Sydney Harbour Tunnel . The bridge is locally nicknamed The Coathanger because of its arch-based design, although this usage is less prevalent than it once was. The bridge was the city's tallest structure until 1967.