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  • 1. Landmarks
  • 2. Chimney Rock
    • 90 meters high
    • Carved names in rock
    • - Rises near Bayard,Nebraska
    • Nearly half a million emigrants saw Chimney Rock
  • 3. Independence Rock
    • Many emigrants arrived here on the fourth of July.
    • Named in 1830 by William Sublette
    • 700 feet wide, 1900 feet long, maximum of 128 feet above the Sweetwater Valley floor
  • 4. Snake River
    • Hundreds of feet deep at some points of the river
    • Can only be crossed by using three islands as stepping stones
    • Swallows up many things in its path
    • Joins at many waterfalls
  • 5. Devil’s Gate
    • 5 miles southwest of Independence Rock
    • Has a 400 feet deep chasm.
    • Located on private land
    • Is 370 feet deep and 1500 feet long
    • Located in Natrona County, Wyoming
  • 6. Oregon Trail Famous People
  • 7. John C. Fremont
    • John C. Fremont lived the years 1813 through1890.
    • Fremont0 was happily married to Jesse Benton.
    • His job was to make the West seem attractive and worth settling.
    • The U.S. Navy appointed Fremont civil governor of California.
  • 8. U.S. Presidents of 1840-1850
    • William Henry Harrison won the presidential election of 1840 because of his catchy slogan “Tippecanoe & Tyler too”.
    • In 1841 Harrison caught a cold which turned into a pneumonia and died.
    • He was the first president to die in office.
    • When James Polk was in office he told congress there was gold in California.
  • 9. Kit Carson
    • On Christmas Eve of 1806 Kit Carson was born.
    • His whole name is Christopher Houston Carson.
    • In 1843 he married Maria Josefa Jaramillo.
    • Kit was blessed with eight children.
    • Carson died on May 23,1868.
  • 10. Dr. Marcus Whitman
    • Marcus was born in 1802.
    • He was born in Rushville, New York.
    • He practiced his medical training for four years.
    • Dr.Whitman helped guide the first wagon train of emigrants to the Columbia River.
  • 11. Oregon Trail Daily Life on the Trail
  • 12. Morning Routine
    • First, they start the fire.
    • Secondly, the women make breakfast.
    • Then they pack up all supplies.
            • Lastly, they head on for the trail.
  • 13. Meal Preparation
    • If lucky, they would have quail or buffalo.
    • They usually ate bacon.
    • Pioneers cooked their meals over an open fire.
  • 14. Jobs Along the Way
    • Women washed clothes.
    • Men hunted, traded, and dealt with the livestock.
    • Women were the family doctors.
    • Men built the cabins.
  • 15. Animals
    • Horses were rejected to go on the trail.
    • Oxen were the most common.
    • Mules were the second common.
    • Horses could not live off prairie grass.
  • 16. Distance Traveled
    • People traveled about 12-15 miles in one day.
    • They traveled 2,000 miles in total.
    • The people traveled 6 months in total from their starting point to their destination.
    • Oxen traveled 2 miles an hour.
  • 17. Evening Routine
    • Build another fire to keep them warm.
    • Prepare the evening meal.
    • Eat our dinner.
    • Write in our journal.
    • Sleep and be ready to travel in the morning.
  • 18. Entertainment
    • Make Soap or candles.
    • Singing around campfire.
    • Children wrestled each other at school.
    • Held spelling bees
    • Reading and writing in journals.
  • 19. Oregon Trail Jobs of the Era
  • 20. Doctor
    • Provided medical treatment.
    • Leeches were commonly used.
    • Served as man-midwives.
  • 21. Tanner
    • Striped hair and fat from animals.
    • Another name for a doctor Apothecary.
    • Tanners make leather goods.
    • They could also tan with animals brains.
    • Tanners always smelled like animal hide
  • 22. Coopers
    • Coopers made barrels.
    • Made barrels of wooden staves.
    • Numbered staves in case of shipment.
    • Put metal hoops around the wood to keep it together.
  • 23. Candle Making
    • Candle Making was done in fall
    • Main ingredient was Tallow.
    • Tallow was fat from cows,sheep,and hogs.
    • First tallow was stirred in cast iron pots
  • 24. Blacksmiths
    • They made iron rims for cart wheels.
    • Blacksmiths worked long hours with little pay.
    • Often fixed children’s play hoops.
    • Shoed horses.
    • Soften metal with fire.
  • 25. Oregon Trail Hardships
  • 26. Disease
    • Hardly any real doctors traveled along the trail to cure diseases.
    • People who were sick and dead from disease along the trail would be abandoned on the side of the road.
    • Cholera killed more emigrants than anything else.
  • 27. Deaths
    • Pioneers lied saying that they knew how to drive. They lost control and death occurred .
    • Infection caused deaths.
    • When people were on the wagon and they fell under the wheels .
  • 28. River Crossings
    • The indians helped the pioneers cross rivers.
    • Source of distress for pioneers.
    • 37people drowned in1850 alone trying to cross the Green River .
  • 29. Injuries
    • Sometimes there weren’t real doctors on the trail.
    • Cuts and broken bones could become infected.
    • The youngest kids were usually the ones to get hurt.
  • 30. Supply and Quality of Water
    • At Cherry Creek the water was dried up like most other creeks.
    • The pioneers had to dig holes in the sand for water for people and horses.
    • Scarcity of water can lead to intense suffering for man and animals on the trail.
  • 31. Lack of Food
    • Because of the lack of food pioneers wouldn’t have energy to move on.
    • They might get diseases from lack of vitamins.
    • In the desert there wasn’t much game to hunt.