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Landmarks
Chimney Rock   <ul><li>90 meters high </li></ul><ul><li>Carved names in rock </li></ul><ul><li>-  Rises near Bayard,Nebras...
Independence Rock <ul><li>Many emigrants arrived here on the fourth of July.  </li></ul><ul><li>Named in 1830 by William S...
Snake River <ul><li>Hundreds of feet deep at some points of the river </li></ul><ul><li>Can only be crossed by using three...
Devil’s Gate <ul><li>5 miles southwest of Independence Rock </li></ul><ul><li>Has a 400 feet deep chasm. </li></ul><ul><li...
Oregon Trail Famous People
John C. Fremont <ul><li>John C. Fremont lived the years 1813 through1890. </li></ul><ul><li>Fremont0 was happily married t...
U.S. Presidents of 1840-1850 <ul><li>William Henry Harrison won the presidential election of 1840 because of his catchy sl...
Kit Carson <ul><li>On Christmas Eve of 1806 Kit Carson was born. </li></ul><ul><li>His whole name is Christopher Houston C...
Dr. Marcus Whitman <ul><li>Marcus was born in 1802. </li></ul><ul><li>He was born in Rushville, New York. </li></ul><ul><l...
Oregon Trail Daily Life on the Trail
Morning Routine <ul><li>First, they start the fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondly, the women make breakfast. </li></ul><ul><l...
Meal Preparation <ul><li>If lucky, they would have quail or buffalo. </li></ul><ul><li>They usually ate bacon. </li></ul><...
Jobs Along the Way <ul><li>Women washed clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>Men hunted, traded, and dealt with the livestock. </li>...
Animals <ul><li>Horses were rejected to go on the trail.  </li></ul><ul><li>Oxen were the most common. </li></ul><ul><li>M...
Distance Traveled <ul><li>People traveled about 12-15 miles in one day. </li></ul><ul><li>They traveled 2,000 miles in tot...
Evening Routine <ul><li>Build another fire to keep them warm. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare the evening meal. </li></ul><ul><l...
Entertainment <ul><li>Make Soap or candles. </li></ul><ul><li>Singing around campfire. </li></ul><ul><li>Children wrestled...
Oregon Trail Jobs of the Era
Doctor <ul><li>Provided medical treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Leeches were commonly used. </li></ul><ul><li>Served as man-m...
Tanner <ul><li>Striped hair and fat from animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Another name for a doctor Apothecary. </li></ul><ul><l...
Coopers <ul><li>Coopers made barrels. </li></ul><ul><li>Made barrels of wooden staves. </li></ul><ul><li>Numbered staves i...
Candle Making <ul><li>Candle Making was done in fall </li></ul><ul><li>Main ingredient was Tallow. </li></ul><ul><li>Tallo...
Blacksmiths <ul><li>They made iron rims for cart wheels. </li></ul><ul><li>Blacksmiths worked long hours with little pay. ...
Oregon Trail Hardships
Disease <ul><li>Hardly any real doctors traveled along the trail to cure diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>People who were sick ...
Deaths <ul><li>Pioneers lied saying that they knew how to drive.  They lost control and death occurred . </li></ul><ul><li...
River Crossings <ul><li>The indians helped the pioneers cross rivers. </li></ul><ul><li>Source of  distress for  pioneers....
Injuries <ul><li>Sometimes there weren’t real doctors on the trail. </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts and broken bones could become i...
Supply and Quality of Water <ul><li>At Cherry Creek the water was dried up like most other creeks. </li></ul><ul><li>The p...
Lack of Food <ul><li>Because of the lack of food pioneers wouldn’t have energy to move on. </li></ul><ul><li>They might ge...
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Pfilestechnologyadmin Ppt

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Transcript of "Pfilestechnologyadmin Ppt"

  1. 1. Landmarks
  2. 2. Chimney Rock <ul><li>90 meters high </li></ul><ul><li>Carved names in rock </li></ul><ul><li>- Rises near Bayard,Nebraska </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly half a million emigrants saw Chimney Rock </li></ul>
  3. 3. Independence Rock <ul><li>Many emigrants arrived here on the fourth of July. </li></ul><ul><li>Named in 1830 by William Sublette </li></ul><ul><li>700 feet wide, 1900 feet long, maximum of 128 feet above the Sweetwater Valley floor </li></ul>
  4. 4. Snake River <ul><li>Hundreds of feet deep at some points of the river </li></ul><ul><li>Can only be crossed by using three islands as stepping stones </li></ul><ul><li>Swallows up many things in its path </li></ul><ul><li>Joins at many waterfalls </li></ul>
  5. 5. Devil’s Gate <ul><li>5 miles southwest of Independence Rock </li></ul><ul><li>Has a 400 feet deep chasm. </li></ul><ul><li>Located on private land </li></ul><ul><li>Is 370 feet deep and 1500 feet long </li></ul><ul><li>Located in Natrona County, Wyoming </li></ul>
  6. 6. Oregon Trail Famous People
  7. 7. John C. Fremont <ul><li>John C. Fremont lived the years 1813 through1890. </li></ul><ul><li>Fremont0 was happily married to Jesse Benton. </li></ul><ul><li>His job was to make the West seem attractive and worth settling. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. Navy appointed Fremont civil governor of California. </li></ul>
  8. 8. U.S. Presidents of 1840-1850 <ul><li>William Henry Harrison won the presidential election of 1840 because of his catchy slogan “Tippecanoe & Tyler too”. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1841 Harrison caught a cold which turned into a pneumonia and died. </li></ul><ul><li>He was the first president to die in office. </li></ul><ul><li>When James Polk was in office he told congress there was gold in California. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Kit Carson <ul><li>On Christmas Eve of 1806 Kit Carson was born. </li></ul><ul><li>His whole name is Christopher Houston Carson. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1843 he married Maria Josefa Jaramillo. </li></ul><ul><li>Kit was blessed with eight children. </li></ul><ul><li>Carson died on May 23,1868. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Dr. Marcus Whitman <ul><li>Marcus was born in 1802. </li></ul><ul><li>He was born in Rushville, New York. </li></ul><ul><li>He practiced his medical training for four years. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr.Whitman helped guide the first wagon train of emigrants to the Columbia River. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Oregon Trail Daily Life on the Trail
  12. 12. Morning Routine <ul><li>First, they start the fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondly, the women make breakfast. </li></ul><ul><li>Then they pack up all supplies. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lastly, they head on for the trail. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Meal Preparation <ul><li>If lucky, they would have quail or buffalo. </li></ul><ul><li>They usually ate bacon. </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneers cooked their meals over an open fire. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Jobs Along the Way <ul><li>Women washed clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>Men hunted, traded, and dealt with the livestock. </li></ul><ul><li>Women were the family doctors. </li></ul><ul><li>Men built the cabins. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Animals <ul><li>Horses were rejected to go on the trail. </li></ul><ul><li>Oxen were the most common. </li></ul><ul><li>Mules were the second common. </li></ul><ul><li>Horses could not live off prairie grass. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Distance Traveled <ul><li>People traveled about 12-15 miles in one day. </li></ul><ul><li>They traveled 2,000 miles in total. </li></ul><ul><li>The people traveled 6 months in total from their starting point to their destination. </li></ul><ul><li>Oxen traveled 2 miles an hour. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Evening Routine <ul><li>Build another fire to keep them warm. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare the evening meal. </li></ul><ul><li>Eat our dinner. </li></ul><ul><li>Write in our journal. </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep and be ready to travel in the morning. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Entertainment <ul><li>Make Soap or candles. </li></ul><ul><li>Singing around campfire. </li></ul><ul><li>Children wrestled each other at school. </li></ul><ul><li>Held spelling bees </li></ul><ul><li>Reading and writing in journals. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Oregon Trail Jobs of the Era
  20. 20. Doctor <ul><li>Provided medical treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Leeches were commonly used. </li></ul><ul><li>Served as man-midwives. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Tanner <ul><li>Striped hair and fat from animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Another name for a doctor Apothecary. </li></ul><ul><li>Tanners make leather goods. </li></ul><ul><li>They could also tan with animals brains. </li></ul><ul><li>Tanners always smelled like animal hide </li></ul>
  22. 22. Coopers <ul><li>Coopers made barrels. </li></ul><ul><li>Made barrels of wooden staves. </li></ul><ul><li>Numbered staves in case of shipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Put metal hoops around the wood to keep it together. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Candle Making <ul><li>Candle Making was done in fall </li></ul><ul><li>Main ingredient was Tallow. </li></ul><ul><li>Tallow was fat from cows,sheep,and hogs. </li></ul><ul><li>First tallow was stirred in cast iron pots </li></ul>
  24. 24. Blacksmiths <ul><li>They made iron rims for cart wheels. </li></ul><ul><li>Blacksmiths worked long hours with little pay. </li></ul><ul><li>Often fixed children’s play hoops. </li></ul><ul><li>Shoed horses. </li></ul><ul><li>Soften metal with fire. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Oregon Trail Hardships
  26. 26. Disease <ul><li>Hardly any real doctors traveled along the trail to cure diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>People who were sick and dead from disease along the trail would be abandoned on the side of the road. </li></ul><ul><li>Cholera killed more emigrants than anything else. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Deaths <ul><li>Pioneers lied saying that they knew how to drive. They lost control and death occurred . </li></ul><ul><li>Infection caused deaths. </li></ul><ul><li>When people were on the wagon and they fell under the wheels . </li></ul>
  28. 28. River Crossings <ul><li>The indians helped the pioneers cross rivers. </li></ul><ul><li>Source of distress for pioneers. </li></ul><ul><li>37people drowned in1850 alone trying to cross the Green River . </li></ul>
  29. 29. Injuries <ul><li>Sometimes there weren’t real doctors on the trail. </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts and broken bones could become infected. </li></ul><ul><li>The youngest kids were usually the ones to get hurt. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Supply and Quality of Water <ul><li>At Cherry Creek the water was dried up like most other creeks. </li></ul><ul><li>The pioneers had to dig holes in the sand for water for people and horses. </li></ul><ul><li>Scarcity of water can lead to intense suffering for man and animals on the trail. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Lack of Food <ul><li>Because of the lack of food pioneers wouldn’t have energy to move on. </li></ul><ul><li>They might get diseases from lack of vitamins. </li></ul><ul><li>In the desert there wasn’t much game to hunt. </li></ul>
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