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Oregon Trail

Oregon Trail






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    Oregon Trail Oregon Trail Presentation Transcript

    • Oregon Trail Landmarks
    • Chimney Rock
      • 90 meters high
      • Carved names in rock
      • - Rises near Bayard,Nebraska
      • Nearly half a million emigrants saw Chimney Rock
    • Independence Rock
      • Many emigrants arrived here on the fourth of July.
      • Named in 1830 by William Sublette
      • 700 feet wide, 1900 feet long, maximum of 128 feet above the Sweetwater Valley floor
    • Snake River
      • Hundreds of feet deep at some points of the river
      • Can only be crossed by using three islands as stepping stones
      • Swallows up many things in its path
      • Joins at many waterfalls
    • Devil’s Gate
      • 5 miles southwest of Independence Rock
      • Has a 400 feet deep chasm.
      • Located on private land
      • Is 370 feet deep and 1500 feet long
      • Located in Natrona County, Wyoming
    • Oregon Trail Famous People
    • John C. Fremont
      • John C. Fremont lived the years 1813 through1890.
      • Fremont0 was happily married to Jesse Benton.
      • His job was to make the West seem attractive and worth settling.
      • The U.S. Navy appointed Fremont civil governor of California.
    • U.S. Presidents of 1840-1850
      • William Henry Harrison won the presidential election of 1840 because of his catchy slogan “Tippecanoe & Tyler too”.
      • In 1841 Harrison caught a cold which turned into a pneumonia and died.
      • He was the first president to die in office.
      • When James Polk was in office he told congress there was gold in California.
    • Kit Carson
      • On Christmas Eve of 1806 Kit Carson was born.
      • His whole name is Christopher Houston Carson.
      • In 1843 he married Maria Josefa Jaramillo.
      • Kit was blessed with eight children.
      • Carson died on May 23,1868.
    • Dr. Marcus Whitman
      • Marcus was born in 1802.
      • He was born in Rushville, New York.
      • He practiced his medical training for four years.
      • Dr.Whitman helped guide the first wagon train of emigrants to the Columbia River.
    • Oregon Trail Daily Life on the Trail
    • Morning Routine
      • First, they start the fire.
      • Secondly, the women make breakfast.
      • Then they pack up all supplies.
              • Lastly, they head on for the trail.
    • Meal Preparation
      • If lucky, they would have quail or buffalo.
      • They usually ate bacon.
      • Pioneers cooked their meals over an open fire.
    • Jobs Along the Way
      • Women washed clothes.
      • Men hunted, traded, and dealt with the livestock.
      • Women were the family doctors.
      • Men built the cabins.
    • Animals
      • Horses were rejected to go on the trail.
      • Oxen were the most common.
      • Mules were the second common.
      • Horses could not live off prairie grass.
    • Distance Traveled
      • People traveled about 12-15 miles in one day.
      • They traveled 2,000 miles in total.
      • The people traveled 6 months in total from their starting point to their destination.
      • Oxen traveled 2 miles an hour.
    • Evening Routine
      • Build another fire to keep them warm.
      • Prepare the evening meal.
      • Eat our dinner.
      • Write in our journal.
      • Sleep and be ready to travel in the morning.
    • Entertainment
      • Make Soap or candles.
      • Singing around campfire.
      • Children wrestled each other at school.
      • Held spelling bees
      • Reading and writing in journals.
    • Oregon Trail Jobs of the Era
    • Doctor
      • Provided medical treatment.
      • Leeches were commonly used.
      • Served as man-midwives.
    • Tanner
      • Striped hair and fat from animals.
      • Another name for a doctor Apothecary.
      • Tanners make leather goods.
      • They could also tan with animals brains.
      • Tanners always smelled like animal hide
    • Coopers
      • Coopers made barrels.
      • Made barrels of wooden staves.
      • Numbered staves in case of shipment.
      • Put metal hoops around the wood to keep it together.
    • Candle Making
      • Candle Making was done in fall
      • Main ingredient was Tallow.
      • Tallow was fat from cows,sheep,and hogs.
      • First tallow was stirred in cast iron pots
    • Blacksmiths
      • They made iron rims for cart wheels.
      • Blacksmiths worked long hours with little pay.
      • Often fixed children’s play hoops.
      • Shoed horses.
      • Soften metal with fire.
    • Oregon Trail Hardships
    • Disease
      • Hardly any real doctors traveled along the trail to cure diseases.
      • People who were sick and dead from disease along the trail would be abandoned on the side of the road.
      • Cholera killed more emigrants than anything else.
    • Deaths
      • Pioneers lied saying that they knew how to drive. They lost control and death occurred .
      • Infection caused deaths.
      • When people were on the wagon and they fell under the wheels .
    • River Crossings
      • The indians helped the pioneers cross rivers.
      • Source of distress for pioneers.
      • 37people drowned in1850 alone trying to cross the Green River .
    • Injuries
      • Sometimes there weren’t real doctors on the trail.
      • Cuts and broken bones could become infected.
      • The youngest kids were usually the ones to get hurt.
    • Supply and Quality of Water
      • At Cherry Creek the water was dried up like most other creeks.
      • The pioneers had to dig holes in the sand for water for people and horses.
      • Scarcity of water can lead to intense suffering for man and animals on the trail.
    • Lack of Food
      • Because of the lack of food pioneers wouldn’t have energy to move on.
      • They might get diseases from lack of vitamins.
      • In the desert there wasn’t much game to hunt.
    • The End
    • www.isu.edu/~trinmich/Oregontrail.html www.isu.edu/~trinmich/Allabout.html Works Cited