Erechtheion Supposedly the battle site between Athena and Poseidon, with an olive tree and a saltwater spout located nearby. The caryatids in the Erechtheion serve as a means of supporting the top, as well as concealing a large support beam Caryatids – a draped female figure supporting an entablature in the place of a column or pilaster Hadrian’s Pleasure Palace Hadrian’s villa exhibited Greek and Egyptian influences, with caryatids and statues of Egyptian gods
Aphrodite of Knidos The first fully nude and life-sized female form. Initially rejected version by Praxiteles Joshua Reynold’s Lady Sarah Bonbury Sacrificing to the Graces dressed in long robes, not unlike those of classical times Lack of facial expression makes her resemble a Greek statue rather than a person The forward step exhibits a shift in weight, similar to the contrapposto used in classical Greek art.
Pantheanaic Procession Early Classical frieze found on the Parthenon at the Acropolis Depicts various gods as spectators to the procession Displays a sense of acceleration and deceleration, where men on horseback are depicted at the back, and a long line grinds the procession to a halt as they approach the statue of Athena Seated Buddha from Pakistan From Gandhara, Pakistan Draw heavily from Hellenistic influences brought over by incursions by Alexander the Great. Significant amount of attention is given to the robes, which is reminiscent of Greek depictions of people with clothing (Phidian Drapery)
Sleeping Satyr Hellenistic Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel Hellenistic piece depicting a drunken being (maybe a man) who has collapsed The spread legs are meant to draw attention to the genitals Adam’s in a classical reclining pose, not unlike that of the Sleeping Satyr; however, the attention is not his genitals, but the arm reaching out to God
Apollo Belvedre Depicts the Greek god Apollo firing an arrow at a serpent monster. He has apparently just fired an arrow, as the muscles are still tensed. Duer’s Adam and Eve Adam’s musculature is displayed Adam is in an incredibly similar pose to Apollo. Both depict a serpent, one at Apollo’s right, and the other in front of Adam
Choragic Monument of Lysikrates Near the Acropolis One of the earliest Greek monuments built in the Corinthian Order. Sant’ Andrea by Alberti Built by Alberti during the Early Renaissance. In addition to having a classical temple front, the columns used are also engaged and of the Corinthian Order. The circular similarity (circled in red) The façade of Sant Andrea combines triumphal arches with the classical pedimented Greek temple
Venus De Milo Made by Alexandros of Antioch. Cut from 6-7 blocks of Parian Marble. Canova’s Pauline Borghese By Antonio Canova Pauline Borghese is supposed to be pretending to be Venus, with the same half-nudity and drapery at the waist. Pauline Borghese is depicted holding an apple, as the Venus de Milo was originally
Stoa of Attalos Façade columns are Doric on ground level and ionic on the seconds level National Pompidou Center Anatomy of building is fully exposed Colored pipes correlate with function Cultural supermarkets and similar functions. Multi leveled shopping centers
Funerary Mask from Grave Circle A Mycenaean. Pointed beard and a handlebar mustache has drawn questions about authenticity of the piece. Lindau Gospels Created in the 9th century, used to awe the masses. The figure of Christ, as well as the angels and Mary done with repousse Made with beaten gold, a technique known as repousse.
Treaury of Atreus The beehive tomb is a Mycenaean design, and is one of the earliest uses of a circular structure. Created by the superposition of progressively smaller rings of stones or mud-brick, making a false dome. Santa Constanza Built under Constantine in the Late Roman Empire Both use circular structure
Porta Maggiorre One of the gates from Aurelian Rome. Inscriptions on the attic praise Vespasian, Claudius, and Titus for their work on aqueducts. Momumental double Arches . Michelozzo Palazzo Medici-Riccardi The windows are pedimented . Utilize the same alternating arches.
Colosseum Early Empire structure designed as a stadium. It is made of concrete, a Roman invention, and contains multiple layers and is in a distinctly circular shape. John Wood the Younger Royal Crescent It was made in 1775. The Circus Bath was designed by his father. Drawn heavily from the Roman Structure. The Circus Bath was influenced by the Colosseum.
Perugino’s Christ Delivering the Keys to St. Peter Fresco in the Sistine Chapel Utilizes linear perspective, an innovation during the Early Renaissance. Arches in background are modeled after the Arch of Constantine in Rome. Show close ties between Constantine and Saint Peter. Arch of Constantine Great triple passageway arch. Late Roman architecture.
Roman Pantheon Temple for all gods Shows full potential of concrete buildings Brunelleschi Florence Cathedral Wide area (140 ft) covered by the dome. Not Brunelleschi’s real style Use Roman construction to solve problem of wide space. Create linear perspective after studying Roman art Impact of centrally planned buildings.
Maison Carree Preserve Forum of Augustus. Admired by Jeffereson and used to model state capitol in Virginia. The building is pseudoperipteral, and made of covered concrete. Pierre Vignon La Madeleine Temple to glorify army of Napolean Pediment frieze as well as a podium and a single entrance all point towards earlier works Peirre copy antique Roman temple Use of Corinthian columns
Pont Du Gard Roman aqueduct Held down by weight of the water which carries it Consecutive decline Darby and Pritchard First used iron in bridge design Coalbrookdale Bridge Style of graceful center arches taken from Roman aqueducts. Similar functions; Pont Du Gard carries water, Coalbrookdale carries people.
Pompeii wall fresco Taste for illusion Creatures, birds, and other motifs Landscapes Robert Adam’s Etruscan Room Symmetry and rectilinearity Creamy white walls Etruscan took decorative motifs from Roman art and spread them out on neutral space with margins
Flavian amphitheater Resembles Greek theaters. Elliptical cavea required building an artificial mountain. Palazzetto dello sport, Italy Originally a boxing arena for the Olympics designed by Pier Luigi Nervi. It is made of a prefabricated concrete dome. Both built of concrete. Built in a circular shape. Served as a sports arena. The seats are raised above the main floor.
Apollodorus of Damascus Glorify Trajan’s victories. Use a huge basilica rather than a temple for the center. Charles Moore Piazza de Italia Eclecticism and dialogue between traditional and contemporary elements. Made for the Italian community in America. Piazza closely related to the Greek agora or Roman forum. Impressive gateway arch entrance
Marcus Aurelius, High empire First Roman work to portray leader as weary, saddened, and even worried. Gattamelata by Donatello Control by force of character rather than size. Gattamelata first to rival portraits of antiquity like Marcus from Italy. Unlike Marcus, Gattamelata not represented as superhuman and more than life size The horses raised hoof is a sign of victory