The Challenges of Academic Publishing:  Looking Back on a Scholarly Career <ul><li>James R. Lincoln   Mitsubishi Professor...
Why am I talking about this? <ul><li>Because I was asked. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A newly-tenured professor might be better ...
The academic publication business is tough and getting tougher <ul><li>Increasing competition for journal space </li></ul>...
How do disciplines differ in scholarly publication norms? <ul><li>What publication outlets are encouraged? </li></ul><ul><...
Journal publishing <ul><li>Practitioner-oriented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HBS, CMR, SMR, AME </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scholarly...
Style differences among social/behavioral science journals <ul><li>Psychology (& micro-OB)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical...
Economics journals <ul><li>Theoretical sophistication </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical rigor  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Much metho...
Preparing a manuscript for journal submission <ul><li>Model your paper on others’ best work </li></ul><ul><li>Cite the rig...
Social Science Research Network (SSRN) and other online working paper lists <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get pap...
Dealing with rejection <ul><li>Is it an R&R?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure the revised version responds to reviewers’ c...
Do the journals reward originality and risk-taking? <ul><li>If too original: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not seen as a contribut...
What does it take to get tenure?  <ul><li>It depends on where you are. Take Berkeley. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum: Five ...
My career history <ul><li>1968 Began UW PhD Program in Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>1973 Appointed Assistant Prof at USC </...
Later career years <ul><li>1982 – 1988 1-2 articles per year  </li></ul><ul><li>1984 Moved to Arizona (1 year as Dept Head...
What’s the verdict? <ul><li>By no means have I been as productive as some of my colleagues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some prod...
So good luck and  gambarimasu  (as the Japanese say)!
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Presentation To Ncku On Publishing 2009

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James Lincoln presentation to NCKU
The challenges of academic publishing: looking back on a scholarly career

http://www.ncku.edu.tw/~economic/viewnews.php?subaction=showfull&id=1236313500&archive=&start_from=&ucat=40&

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  • Presentation To Ncku On Publishing 2009

    1. 1. The Challenges of Academic Publishing: Looking Back on a Scholarly Career <ul><li>James R. Lincoln   Mitsubishi Professor of International Business and Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Walter A. Haas School of Business University of California, Berkeley </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting Professor </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Management of Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong University of Science and Technology </li></ul>
    2. 2. Why am I talking about this? <ul><li>Because I was asked. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A newly-tenured professor might be better </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On the other hand: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I just completed a three year term as Associate Dean for Academic Affairs in the Haas School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My lengthy career might offer some lessons to young and aspiring social science professors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In what to do and what not to do </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. The academic publication business is tough and getting tougher <ul><li>Increasing competition for journal space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholars in continental Europe and Asia targeting Western journals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Journal publication increasingly tied to pay, status, & job security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenure and promotion, of course </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more COLAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UK and Australian universities base pay on numbers of articles weighted by journal rank </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. How do disciplines differ in scholarly publication norms? <ul><li>What publication outlets are encouraged? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journal articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monographs versus texts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In humanities, books are a must </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed or not </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports and proposals </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Journal publishing <ul><li>Practitioner-oriented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HBS, CMR, SMR, AME </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scholarly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience (size is important: citation count) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Size (important for citation count) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General (AER, ASR) versus specialty (JF, ASQ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st tier , 2 nd tier, etc.. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Will (internal & external) reviewers (for tenure, promotion, recruitment) actually read your work? </li></ul>
    6. 6.
    7. 7. Style differences among social/behavioral science journals <ul><li>Psychology (& micro-OB) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical science model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short literature reviews, brief report of findings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MANY coauthors and citations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Flexible format, premium on elegant writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economics, Sociology, Anthropology, Poli Sci </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More rigid format </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shorter, explicit hypotheses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASQ – similar to sociology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AMJ – closer to psychology model </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Economics journals <ul><li>Theoretical sophistication </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical rigor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Much methodological detail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elegance of presentation and writing </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively few citations </li></ul>
    9. 9. Preparing a manuscript for journal submission <ul><li>Model your paper on others’ best work </li></ul><ul><li>Cite the right people </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for colleagues’ comments </li></ul><ul><li>Make it clean! Don’t submit a first draft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviewers have zero tolerance for low professionalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rigor and refinement are key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing quality and organization are critical! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If your English is weak: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get a copy editor </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get a native English co-author </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Social Science Research Network (SSRN) and other online working paper lists <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Get paper disseminated fast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get feedback for revisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Downsides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower quality control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of confidentiality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Will journals become irrelevant? </li></ul>
    11. 11. Dealing with rejection <ul><li>Is it an R&R? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure the revised version responds to reviewers’ concerns and is super clean </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If not: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Channel your hurt feelings productively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read the reviews </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But what they say may not be why they rejected it </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Write the editor if reviewers are wrong (?) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Send it to another journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How much revision first? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Same rank of journal or lower? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to retarget it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t give up or let it languish! </li></ul>
    12. 12. Do the journals reward originality and risk-taking? <ul><li>If too original: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not seen as a contribution to literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualified reviewers may not exist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Postpone the high-risk, long-time-to-fruition work until you are tenured or promoted(?) </li></ul><ul><li>(Sadly) researching small problems & maximizing publication per project are often rewarded </li></ul>
    13. 13. What does it take to get tenure? <ul><li>It depends on where you are. Take Berkeley. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum: Five articles in top-tier journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ten in various outlets: 1 st and 2 nd tier, general, specialty, chapters, grants, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also needed: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some solo or lead authorships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S trong letters from respected senior people in field </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good teaching & good service (collegiality) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>At lower tier schools, fewer numbers and lower-ranking journals may suffice </li></ul>
    14. 14. My career history <ul><li>1968 Began UW PhD Program in Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>1973 Appointed Assistant Prof at USC </li></ul><ul><li>1974 Completed dissertation </li></ul><ul><li>1976 1 st scholarly publication: ASR lead article </li></ul><ul><li>1977 2 articles, 1 chapter </li></ul><ul><li>1978 6 articles (2 ASR) Moved to Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>1979 2 articles (1 ASQ) and 1 refereed comment </li></ul><ul><li>1980 1 ASR article (Tenured at USC) </li></ul><ul><li>1981 1 AJS article (Tenured at Indiana) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Later career years <ul><li>1982 – 1988 1-2 articles per year </li></ul><ul><li>1984 Moved to Arizona (1 year as Dept Head) </li></ul><ul><li>1988 Moved to Berkeley </li></ul><ul><li>1990 CUP book </li></ul><ul><li>1991 – 97 1-2 articles/chapters per year (2 ASR) 1996 Given endowed chair </li></ul><ul><li>1997 – 02 Mostly chapters; 1 edited book </li></ul><ul><li>2004 1 CUP book (won ASA award) </li></ul><ul><li>2005-08 Haas School Associate Dean </li></ul><ul><li>2009 OUP edited book </li></ul>
    16. 16. What’s the verdict? <ul><li>By no means have I been as productive as some of my colleagues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some produce their whole lives as if they were trying to get tenure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But I think an academic career should be a diversified portfolio </li></ul>
    17. 17. So good luck and gambarimasu (as the Japanese say)!

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