Unit 6 1


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Unit 6 1

  1. 1. Unit 6 It’s a Mystery Chapter 1 Mystery Tours
  2. 2. Mystery Tours <ul><li>Travel with us to mysterious locations that still baffle archeologists to this day. We offer tours to three spectacular locations: Easter Island in the South Pacific, Stonehenge in England, and the Nazca Desert of Peru. </li></ul>1-1 THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  3. 3. Mystery Tours <ul><li>These places hold extraordinarily impressive, ancient structures created by prehistoric civilizations. Scientists can only speculate as to how they were made. Take this opportunity to experience these mysteries in person! </li></ul>1-2 THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  4. 4. Mystery Tours <ul><li>Located in the South Pacific, Easter Island is one of the most isolated places on Earth and is famous for the large stone statues that line its coast. </li></ul>2-1 STATUES OF EASTER ISLAND The Moai of Easter Island
  5. 5. <ul><li>These intriguing statues, which were carved by ancient people to </li></ul><ul><li>resemble human heads, range in height from about 3 1/2 to 12 meters. Today, roughly 600 of the statues, called moai, are still standing. </li></ul>2-2 STATUES OF EASTER ISLAND
  6. 6. Mystery Tours <ul><li>Archeological research suggests that Easter Island was first inhabited by Polynesians' around 400 A.D. Scientists believe these early inhabitants carved the island's moai </li></ul><ul><li> - believed to be religious symbols - from volcanic rock, and then pulled them to their different locations. </li></ul>3 STATUES OF EASTER ISLAND
  7. 7. Stonehenge <ul><li>On the opposite side of the world stands Stonehenge. This ancient English site is a collection of large stones arranged in two circles - one inside the other. Although only ruins of the original formation exist today, archaeologists believe that the inner circle of bluestones, each weighing about four tons, was built first. </li></ul>4-1 STONEHENGE
  8. 8. <ul><li>The giant stones that form the outer circle, known as sarsen stones, each weigh as much as 50 tons! Exactly how and why Stonehenge was constructed remains a mystery . </li></ul>4-2 STONEHENGE
  9. 9. <ul><li>Research suggests that it may have been designed and built by an ancient religious group who used it for one of two purposes; either as a sacred temple or as an observatory to study the sky. </li></ul>4-3 STONEHENGE
  10. 10. <ul><li>Scientists believe that the enormous stones were transported from places around the country - some up to 240 miles away - to their present site on Salisbury Plain in southern England. Work on the monument is thought to have started around 2000 B.C. and continued to 1500 B.C. </li></ul>4-4 STONEHENGE
  11. 11. <ul><li>Today, engineers estimate that approximately 600 people were needed to transport each sarsen stone from its point of origin to Salisbury. Scientists consider this a remarkable feat, given that heavy lifting equipment used in modern construction was not available at that time. </li></ul>4-5 STONEHENGE
  12. 12. The Nazca Lines <ul><li>In South America, another mysterious phenomenon exists. Near the coast of Peru, on the high plateau of the Nazca Desert, some remarkable art is etched into the earth. </li></ul>5-1 NAZCA LINES
  13. 13. <ul><li>Viewed from the ground, these etchings seem insignificant . Viewed from high above, however, these large drawings on the Earth's surface resemble birds, fish, seashells, and geometric' shapes. </li></ul>5-2 NAZCA LINES
  14. 14. <ul><li>These drawings are thought to be at least 1,500 years old, yet have remained preserved for centuries by the dry, stable climate of the desert. </li></ul>5-3 NAZCA LINES
  15. 15. Mystery Tours <ul><li>Many theories exist about the ancient peoples of the Nazca Desert and their purposes for creating these 45 mysterious lines . </li></ul>6 NAZCA LINES
  16. 16. Mystery Tours <ul><li>Some scientists suggest that the lines at Nazca are related to the religious beliefs of an ancient civilization. </li></ul>7-1 NAZCA LINES
  17. 17. Mystery Tours <ul><li> These people believed that the mountain gods protected them by controlling the weather and the supply of water. </li></ul>7-2 NAZCA LINES
  18. 18. Mystery Tours 7-3 NAZCA LINES Many of the figures formed by the lines are associated with nature or water in some way. As the ancient people lived in a desert region, water was a valuable but scarce resource.
  19. 19. Mystery Tours 7-4 NAZCA LINES Exactly how the lines were drawn without the help of aerial monitoring equipment, though, remains an enigma .
  20. 20. Mystery Tours <ul><li>Awaken your inner explorer and sign up now for one of our unforgettable mystery tours. The incredible sensation of witnessing first-hand these prehistoric marvels defies description. You simply have to experience it for yourself. </li></ul>8 THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  21. 21. <ul><li>baffle (v.) </li></ul><ul><li>not to understand something at all, to confuse completely </li></ul><ul><li>His disappearance baffled the police. </li></ul>THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  22. 22. Vocabulary <ul><li>enigma (n.) </li></ul><ul><li>a mystery, a puzzle </li></ul><ul><li>No one knows what happened to the airplane; its disappearance is an enigma . </li></ul>THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  23. 23. Vocabulary <ul><li>insignificant (adj.) </li></ul><ul><li>important, without not meaning </li></ul><ul><li>We thought the book had too many insignificant details about George Washington's life and not enough history. </li></ul>THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  24. 24. Vocabulary <ul><li>intriguing (adj.) </li></ul><ul><li>interesting, causing curiosity, fascinating </li></ul><ul><li>Psychologists find human emotions intriguing . </li></ul>THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  25. 25. Vocabulary <ul><li>isolated (adj.) </li></ul><ul><li>separated from others, alone </li></ul><ul><li>It is hard to know what goes on in the isolated parts of the country. </li></ul>THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  26. 26. Vocabulary <ul><li>phenomenon (n.) </li></ul><ul><li>a fact, event, or image that strikes one's attention and attracts interest </li></ul><ul><li>Snow was a phenomenon he had never seen before. </li></ul>THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  27. 27. Vocabulary <ul><li>resemble (v.) </li></ul><ul><li>to look like someone or something else </li></ul><ul><li>The boy resembles his father; they both have blond hair and blue eyes. </li></ul>THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  28. 28. Vocabulary <ul><li>speculate (v.) </li></ul><ul><li>to guess about </li></ul><ul><li>She is so quiet; we can only speculate about what she is thinking. </li></ul>THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  29. 29. Vocabulary <ul><li>witness (v.) </li></ul><ul><li>to see, to observe an incident </li></ul><ul><li>He witnessed the auto accident and wrote a report. </li></ul>THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA