Unit 6 1
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Unit 6 1 Unit 6 1 Presentation Transcript

  • Unit 6 It’s a Mystery Chapter 1 Mystery Tours
  • Mystery Tours
    • Travel with us to mysterious locations that still baffle archeologists to this day. We offer tours to three spectacular locations: Easter Island in the South Pacific, Stonehenge in England, and the Nazca Desert of Peru.
    1-1 THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Mystery Tours
    • These places hold extraordinarily impressive, ancient structures created by prehistoric civilizations. Scientists can only speculate as to how they were made. Take this opportunity to experience these mysteries in person!
    1-2 THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Mystery Tours
    • Located in the South Pacific, Easter Island is one of the most isolated places on Earth and is famous for the large stone statues that line its coast.
    2-1 STATUES OF EASTER ISLAND The Moai of Easter Island
    • These intriguing statues, which were carved by ancient people to
    • resemble human heads, range in height from about 3 1/2 to 12 meters. Today, roughly 600 of the statues, called moai, are still standing.
    2-2 STATUES OF EASTER ISLAND
  • Mystery Tours
    • Archeological research suggests that Easter Island was first inhabited by Polynesians' around 400 A.D. Scientists believe these early inhabitants carved the island's moai
    • - believed to be religious symbols - from volcanic rock, and then pulled them to their different locations.
    3 STATUES OF EASTER ISLAND
  • Stonehenge
    • On the opposite side of the world stands Stonehenge. This ancient English site is a collection of large stones arranged in two circles - one inside the other. Although only ruins of the original formation exist today, archaeologists believe that the inner circle of bluestones, each weighing about four tons, was built first.
    4-1 STONEHENGE
    • The giant stones that form the outer circle, known as sarsen stones, each weigh as much as 50 tons! Exactly how and why Stonehenge was constructed remains a mystery .
    4-2 STONEHENGE
    • Research suggests that it may have been designed and built by an ancient religious group who used it for one of two purposes; either as a sacred temple or as an observatory to study the sky.
    4-3 STONEHENGE
    • Scientists believe that the enormous stones were transported from places around the country - some up to 240 miles away - to their present site on Salisbury Plain in southern England. Work on the monument is thought to have started around 2000 B.C. and continued to 1500 B.C.
    4-4 STONEHENGE
    • Today, engineers estimate that approximately 600 people were needed to transport each sarsen stone from its point of origin to Salisbury. Scientists consider this a remarkable feat, given that heavy lifting equipment used in modern construction was not available at that time.
    4-5 STONEHENGE
  • The Nazca Lines
    • In South America, another mysterious phenomenon exists. Near the coast of Peru, on the high plateau of the Nazca Desert, some remarkable art is etched into the earth.
    5-1 NAZCA LINES
    • Viewed from the ground, these etchings seem insignificant . Viewed from high above, however, these large drawings on the Earth's surface resemble birds, fish, seashells, and geometric' shapes.
    5-2 NAZCA LINES
    • These drawings are thought to be at least 1,500 years old, yet have remained preserved for centuries by the dry, stable climate of the desert.
    5-3 NAZCA LINES
  • Mystery Tours
    • Many theories exist about the ancient peoples of the Nazca Desert and their purposes for creating these 45 mysterious lines .
    6 NAZCA LINES
  • Mystery Tours
    • Some scientists suggest that the lines at Nazca are related to the religious beliefs of an ancient civilization.
    7-1 NAZCA LINES
  • Mystery Tours
    • These people believed that the mountain gods protected them by controlling the weather and the supply of water.
    7-2 NAZCA LINES
  • Mystery Tours 7-3 NAZCA LINES Many of the figures formed by the lines are associated with nature or water in some way. As the ancient people lived in a desert region, water was a valuable but scarce resource.
  • Mystery Tours 7-4 NAZCA LINES Exactly how the lines were drawn without the help of aerial monitoring equipment, though, remains an enigma .
  • Mystery Tours
    • Awaken your inner explorer and sign up now for one of our unforgettable mystery tours. The incredible sensation of witnessing first-hand these prehistoric marvels defies description. You simply have to experience it for yourself.
    8 THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
    • baffle (v.)
    • not to understand something at all, to confuse completely
    • His disappearance baffled the police.
    THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Vocabulary
    • enigma (n.)
    • a mystery, a puzzle
    • No one knows what happened to the airplane; its disappearance is an enigma .
    THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Vocabulary
    • insignificant (adj.)
    • important, without not meaning
    • We thought the book had too many insignificant details about George Washington's life and not enough history.
    THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Vocabulary
    • intriguing (adj.)
    • interesting, causing curiosity, fascinating
    • Psychologists find human emotions intriguing .
    THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Vocabulary
    • isolated (adj.)
    • separated from others, alone
    • It is hard to know what goes on in the isolated parts of the country.
    THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Vocabulary
    • phenomenon (n.)
    • a fact, event, or image that strikes one's attention and attracts interest
    • Snow was a phenomenon he had never seen before.
    THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Vocabulary
    • resemble (v.)
    • to look like someone or something else
    • The boy resembles his father; they both have blond hair and blue eyes.
    THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Vocabulary
    • speculate (v.)
    • to guess about
    • She is so quiet; we can only speculate about what she is thinking.
    THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
  • Vocabulary
    • witness (v.)
    • to see, to observe an incident
    • He witnessed the auto accident and wrote a report.
    THE PYRAMIDS OF GIZA