Grammar Vocabulary

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Teaching Grammar and Vocabulary in the ESL Adult Classroom

Teaching Grammar and Vocabulary in the ESL Adult Classroom

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  • 1.
  • 2. Past Tense of Regular Verbs
  • 3. Tips for Teaching Grammar
    Focus on the grammar that is presented in the communication that is taking place.
    Students are given the basic rules.
    Grammar is a skill improved upon with experience and practice of the language.
    Students may know the rules and how to use the grammar, but sometimes don’t use it correctly because they are not thinking when they are speaking.
    Create activities and games so that the students can practice the grammar presented in class. The activities should be meaningful.
    Providing reasons and strategies for using a grammar point is more affective than providing only the rules.
  • 4. Get Ready to Teach Grammar
    What are the objectives of this class? Is the class preparing for an examination? Is the class improving their English for business purposes? Is the class preparing for summer vacation? etc.
    What type of learning background do the learners have? Are the students attending other classes? When was the last time that they were in a classroom? Do they know the grammar basics?
    What learning materials and resources are available? Do you have student workbooks? Can the students take their books home with them? Will you be using computers in the classroom?
    What kind of learning style does each student have? Does the learner work better with listening and repeating exercises?
  • 5. Types of Grammar Tasks
    Use graphic organizers
    Jeopardy
    Who am I? Guess Who?
    Twenty Questions
    Crossword Puzzles
    Scrambled Sentences
    Charades
    Bingo
  • 6. Teaching Vocabulary
    There are at least 2,000 high frequency words in the English Language.
    Teach word families instead of individual word forms.
    Use word association
    The more the students use the word the more likely it will be remembered.
    Some students will remember more than others.
  • 7. Vocabulary Learning Strategies
    Guess meaning from context
    Mnemonic Devices
    Vocabulary Notebooks
    Students connect words with personal experiences
    Students say the words out loud
    Collocations
    Lexical Phrases
  • 8. Types of Vocabulary Tasks
    Use Graphic Organizers
    Jeopardy
    Just a Minute
    Pictionary
    Board games (made on paper)
    Hangman
    Crossword Puzzles
    Word Bingo