13i  The Crusades
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13i The Crusades

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13i  The Crusades 13i The Crusades Presentation Transcript

  • Chalk on board for page 318-319 up to “…as a symbol of service to God.”
  • The Crusades Chapter 13i
  • What could you get for going on one of the Crusades? BINGO!
  • The First Crusade (1096) saw three armies of knights and peasants led by French nobles reinforce Constantinople before moving on to Jerusalem . ?
  • Along the way, they slaughtered entire Jewish communities. When they reached Jerusalem , they began a two month siege of the city.
  • When the city fell, the Crusaders massacred most of the Jewish and Muslim inhabitants.
  • Soon, most of the Crusaders went home. The others set up feudal states in Syria and Palestine .
  • The Europeans who stayed would be in contact with the more sophisticated Byzantines for the next 100 years, ending Europe’s cultural isolation . Byzantine Barbie ...not like that Theodora tramp...
  • Less than 50 years later, the Second Crusade was called by Pope Eugenius IV to regain Palestinian territory taken by the Seljuk Turks.
  • Unfortunately for the West, the Turks saw the rise of a great leader. Saladin captured Jerusalem in 1187.
  • The HRE Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, King Philip Augustus (Philip II) of France, and King Richard I of England led the “Crusade of Kings” (3rd Crusade). Let’s kick some Turk booty!
  • Frederick died on the way. Philip just went home before reaching Jerusalem. Richard I defeated the Muslims in many battles, but could not take Jerusalem. Finally, a treaty with Saladin allowed Christian pilgrimages to the city.
  • Many other Crusades followed. None ever secured complete Christian control over Palestine or Jerusalem. By now it was all about $$$. Now THIS is a Crusade!!
  • The 4th Crusade got a little off track and attacked Constantinople, weakening it for the Turks. Thanks buddy! Oops...
  • The other Crusades were not completely about religion, but they all used religion as an excuse to take other people’s stuff. How were the Crusades good for Western Europe?
  • Effects of the Crusades in Europe: 1. More central authority and taxes. 2. Breakdown of feudal system. 3. Cultural diffusion. 4. Demand for spices from the East. 5. More artisans: shipbuilding, map making, armorers, bankers, etc…