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12i Franks
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12i Franks

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  • 1. The Rise of Medieval Europe
  • 2. European consequences of the fall of Rome: 1. Less trade, less mobility 2. Roads, cities, bridges in disrepair 3. Education disappeared 4. Money no longer used / barter
  • 3. The Franks emerged as the strongest Germanic group in Western Europe and established a series of Merovingian Kings . The first of these was Clovis .
  • 4. Clovis was the first Merovingian King and the first Germanic King to become Christian . It was this conversion that gave his kingdom stability ! (Why?) Pull my finger...
  • 5. It was Clovis who defeated Alaric and secured Western Europe for the Franks. Remember Alaric?
  • 6. But these kings divided their lands among their sons. This led to smaller and smaller kingdoms that fought among themselves. Eventually, power passed to the mayors of the palaces.
  • 7. The most powerful of these, Charles “The Hammer” Martel , led his people against Muslims at Tours, France (732AD) and became the dominant leader in Western Europe.
  • 8. Vous ne pouvez pas le toucher! Temps de marteau!!
  • 9. In 752, Charles’ son, Pepin the Short , became the king of the Franks with the blessing of the nobles and the Church .
  • 10.
    • The Pope anointed Pepin with oil to signify his blessing. In return, Pepin agreed to help the pope against his enemies. What does this signify about how you become king?
  • 11.
    • This partnership was to forever link the Catholic Church with the rulers of Western Europe .
    You moron, this is super-glue!
  • 12.
    • Pepin’s son Charlemagne (Carolus Magnus) did several things: 1 . Gave the name Carolingian to his family dynasty. 2 . Enlarged his land to create the Frankish Empire . 3 . Agreed to defend Pope Leo III. In return, he (CM) was crowned the Holy Roman Emperor !
  • 13.
    • This series of events made Charlemagne’s empire a Christian empire . He relied on local “counts” to help rule. These “ elector counts ” would elect future Holy Roman Emperors.
  • 14.
    • Frankish Dominions
  • 15.
    • Why the Carolingian Empire falls apart:
    • 1. Charlemagne’s grandsons fight for control of the empire (eventually dividing it 3 ways.) 2. Vikings, Muslims, and Slavs all raided the empire from different directions.
  • 16. The Merovingian and Carolingian empires made one important contribution to history. They permanently linked the Nobles to the Church . This gave Europe the stability that other regions lacked.