By: Jesse Hoffman Fossils and early humans in Africa
What do fossils teach us about Africa? <ul><li>Archaeology reveals a hidden part of Africa’s history, which is also part of the history of humankind </li></ul><ul><li>Research areas include Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Libya, Namibia, and South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>An archaeologist in Africa is Dr. Rudolph Kuper, who is the founder of Heinrich-Barth institute. His main focus of his research is the causal links between climate changes and cultural development over the past 10000 years </li></ul>
Early Humans: The Stone Age <ul><li>The first hominids did not appear until around 3 million years ago </li></ul><ul><li>In 1974 scientists found a skeleton in Africa that died when she was about 20 years old and named her Lucy </li></ul><ul><li>The Stone Age refers to materials used to make man-made tools. “handy man” was one of the first hominids to use stone tools </li></ul><ul><li>This group of early humans did NOT know how to make fire. </li></ul>
Early Humans: Upright Man <ul><li>Years after the stone age, another group of man was born. Scientist nicknamed this group “Upright Man”. This group of people DID know how to make fire </li></ul><ul><li>About 1 million years later upright man began to leave Africa and soon began to populate the world. </li></ul>
Early Humans: Neanderthal Man <ul><li>Years later scientist found another group of early man and named them the Neanderthal Man. </li></ul><ul><li>These group of people were vary dimwitted who walked with their knees bent and their heads slung forward on their big necks. </li></ul><ul><li>But scientists made a mistake the skeleton they found was of a man who was suffering from arthritis. </li></ul><ul><li>But despite there name Neanderthal people were tall and smart. </li></ul>
More fossils <ul><li>Fossils can be divided into two categories: Fossilized body parts, and fossilized traces </li></ul><ul><li>There are four types of fossils they are: mold fossils, cast fossils, trace fossils and true form fossils. </li></ul><ul><li>There are six ways that organisms can turn into fossils: unaltered preservation, permineralization, replacement, carbonization, recrystalization, and authigenic preservation. </li></ul>
Why I picked my topic <ul><li>I picked my topic because it’s just something I find interesting. </li></ul>
Things I know about my topic <ul><li>Fossils are any remains, impression or trace of a living thing of a former geologic age, as a skeleton, footprint, ect. </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology is the scientific study of historic or prehistoric people and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains. </li></ul>
Where I found my info <ul><li>https://www.archaeoafrica.de/ </li></ul><ul><li>https://presentations.ppst.com/earlyhumans.ppt#2 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cnd.npr.org/templates/story/story.php </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.enchantedlearning.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.utexas.edu/courses/wilson </li></ul>
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