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Elements Of Short Story

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  • 1. Elements of short story Inter American University of Puerto Rico Graduated Program Ponce, Puerto Rico Instructional Module Prepared by: Mr. Gerardo L. Torres Rivera Course: Computer in Education Prof. Orlando González Chévere October 4, 2008
  • 2. Instructions for teachers
    • This instructional module is for students of grade level 11-12. The primary subject is language arts. The purple of this instructional module it will be to introduce and explore the short story. Also, it will introduce the short story to students, by exploring what a short story is, and what elements are that makes it a distinct genre.
    • For the implementations you will need:
    • Computer
    • Internet connection
    • The time to use the lesson it all depend on the knowledge of the students. Aproximally 50 minutes.
  • 3. Introduction
    • For understanding a short story and identify the elements, the students need to recognize their meaning and read the story in a meaningful way.
    • This instructional module will help students to makes inferences on a fairy tales story the three little pigs.
    • Throughout this module the students will have the opportunity to understand what is a short story and identify the elements.
  • 4. Overall Objectives
    • After the students have learned and studied all the material presented in the instructional module they will be able to react to different types of questions related to the story and they will identify the elements of short story.
  • 5. Instructions for the students Sound activation For the use of this Instructional Module use the following commands:
  • 6. Objectives
    • Upon completion of this module students will have:
    • 1. Discussed and demonstrated what the definition of the short story is, and its elements;
    • 2. Established working definitions of the elements in a short story;
    • 3. Discussed a well know fairy tale, and applied each of the elements to it;
    • 4. Answers some questions for understanding and quiz about the elements of the short story.
  • 7. Post Test
    • 1. What is a short story ?
    • a. Is a piece of prose fiction, which can be read in one setting.
    • b. Is a long narrative prose as a novel
    • 3. Is a roll play with different kind of art.
    • 2. What is an author ?
    • a. Main characters of the story
    • b. Person who wrote the story
    • c. A person who forces in conflict
  • 8.
    • 4. A character is
    • a. Person who wrote the story
    • b. Feeling created in the reader
    • c. Person or animal who takes part in the action of the story.
    • 5. What are the part of a story ?
    • a. Title, author, character, setting, plot, rising action, climax and falling action.
    • b. Title, author, character
    • c. Climax, setting, problem
  • 9.
    • What is a setting ?
    • a. The time and places of the action
    • b. The sequence of events
    • Central message of the story
    • 6. In the short story the plot is:
    • The struggle between opposing forces
    • The sequence of events
    • The time and place of the action
  • 10.
    • 7. The rising action is
    • a. The conflict intensifies
    • b. High point of the story
    • c. The solution to the problem
    • 8. What is the climax in the story?
    • a. High point of the story
    • b. The sequence of events
    • c. Time and place
  • 11.
    • 9. What is the title ?
    • a. Central message of the story
    • b. Give clue to the author purposed
    • c. It’s a generalization about the story
    • 10. A falling action is
    • a. High point of the story
    • b. The solution to the problem
    • c. The ending of the story
  • 12. Brainstorm
    • As a students brainstorm characteristics that define the short story.
  • 13. What is the short story?
    • A short story is a form of short fictional narrative prose. Which can be read in one sitting.
    • Some example of short stories are: Tales, fable, legend, parable, myth.
  • 14. Element of short story
    • Title
    • It is an important part of the story. The title may focus the readers attention on the central character, or may give a clue to the authors purpose or basic idea.
    • Author
    • Person who wrote the story.
    • Character
    • Person or animal who takes part in the action of a literary work.
  • 15.
    • Setting
    • The time and place in the action
    • Plot
    • The sequence of events in a literary work
    • Rising actions
    • The conflict intensifies
    • Climax
    • High point of the story
  • 16.
    • Falling actions
    • The solution to the problem
  • 17. Reading
    • The students will read a fairy tale “ The three little pigs” and then point out the element of short story.
    • http://www.shol.com/agita/pigs.htm
  • 18. Activity 1- Recalling Story Details
    • After reading the story, check comprehension by answering the following questions:
    • 1. Why did the mother pig want the little pigs to move out of her house?
    • 2. Who lived in the woods near the little pigs?
    • 3. What did the first little pig use to make his house?
  • 19.
    • 4. What did the second little pig use to make his house?
    • 5. What did the third little pig use to make his house?
    • 6. What did the big bad wolf do to ruin the houses that the pigs built?
    • 7. Why didn’t the third little pig’s house fall down?
    • 8. What happened when the wolf slid down the chimney?
  • 20. Activity 2- Story Grammar
    • "Every story includes a Title, author, character, setting, plot, rising action, climax and falling action.
    • Let’s talk about each of these."
    • 1 . Title : What is the title of this story?
    • 2. Setting : Where does this story take place?
    • Does it take place in a real place or an imaginary place?
    • Describe the setting where the story takes place.
  • 21.
    • 3. Characters : Who are the characters in this story?
    • Tell me about the character you like best.
    • Tell me about the character you like least.
    • Describe each of these characters:
    • Mother pig
    • First little pig
    • Second little pig
    • Third little pig
    • Big bad wolf
  • 22.
    • 4. Rising Action : In most popular stories, there is a problem that needs to be solved.
    • Sometimes there is more than one problem.
    • Who has a problem in this story?
    • What is the problem?
    • 5 . Climax : The climax is the part of the story when it becomes possible for the story
    • characters to solve a problem. It is the turning point in the story. What happens
    • in this story to make it possible for the pigs to solve their problem with the wolf?
  • 23.
    • 6. Falling action : The resolution occurs when the story problem is solved. What is the
    • resolution in this story? Do you like the way this story ends?
  • 24. Test
    • 1. What is a short story ?
    • a. Is a piece of prose fiction, which can be read in one setting.
    • b. Is a long narrative prose as a novel
    • c. Is a roll play with different kind of art.
    • 2. What is an author ?
    • a. Main characters of the story
    • b. Person who wrote the story
    • A person who forces in conflict
  • 25.
    • 3. A character is
    • a. Person who wrote the story
    • b. Feeling created in the reader
    • c. Person or animal who takes part in the action of the story.
    • 4. What are the part of a story ?
    • a. Title, author, character, setting, plot, rising action, climax and falling action.
    • b. Title, author, character
    • c. Climax, setting, problem
  • 26.
    • 5. What is a setting ?
    • a. The time and places of the action
    • b. The sequence of events
    • c. Central message of the story
    • 6. In the short story the plot is:
    • a. The struggle between opposing forces
    • b. The sequence of events
    • c. The time and place of the action
  • 27.
    • 7. The rising action is
    • a. The conflict intensifies
    • b. High point of the story
    • c. The solution to the problem
    • 8. What is the climax in the story?
    • a. High point of the story
    • b. The sequence of events
    • c. Time and place
  • 28.
    • 9. What is the title ?
    • a. Central message of the story
    • b. Give clue to the author purposed
    • c. It’s a generalization about the story
    • 10. A falling action is
    • a. High point of the story
    • b. The solution to the problem
    • c. The ending of the story
  • 29. References
    • http://www.shol.com/agita/pigs.htm
    • http://www.disneyshorts.org/years/1933/threelittlepigs.html
    • http://users.aber.ac.uk/jpm/ellsa/ellsa_elements.html
    • http://geocities.com/westenskowdorf/shortstory.html#SHORT%20STORY%20ELEMENTS
  • 30. Excellent !
    • Congratulations you have completed the instructional module