Disaster Tech: What is working and what is coming


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Twitter and Google Maps are being used in mainstream emergency management, and projects like InSTEDD will push them even farther. This session shows you what is working, what isn't, and what's next in Disaster Tech.

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  • Disaster Tech: What is working and what is coming

    1. 1. <ul><li>Mikel Maron </li></ul><ul><li>Jesse Robbins </li></ul>Disaster Tech
    2. 2. We want to teach you how to make cool to technology save lives. (Hopefully you to actually go do it!) (Hopefully you to actually go do it!) (Hopefully you to actually go do it!)
    3. 3. Pattern: Disaster Tech Innovation <ul><li>Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Ad-Hoc Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Championship </li></ul><ul><li>Iterative Improvement </li></ul>
    4. 4. <breathe>
    5. 6. Hurricane Katrina <ul><li>1800+ Dead </li></ul><ul><li>Millions displaced </li></ul><ul><li>$81+ Billion in Damage </li></ul>
    6. 11. turning this
    7. 15. into this
    8. 20. Ad-Hoc Adaptation: Many Using Gmaps Many Using Gmaps http://twitter.com/nateritter
    9. 24. ARC: “Take the I-90 bridge...” Jesse: “The bridge is destroyed” ARC: “but Google says...” ARC: “but Google says...” ARC: “but Google says...”
    10. 25. Problem : Google Maps isn’t Realtime http://twitter.com/nateritter Post Katrina 2007 2007
    11. 26. Champion: OpenStreetMap (OSM) OpenStreetMap (OSM)
    12. 27. Iteration: UN considering OSM UN considering OSM <ul><li>UNJLC Interagency Humanitarian Common Service </li></ul><ul><li>Building UNSDI-t from the top down </li></ul><ul><li>But now considering OSM for lightweight, open bottom up collaborative mapping </li></ul>
    13. 29. Pattern: Disaster Tech Innovation <ul><li>Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Ad-Hoc Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Championship </li></ul><ul><li>Iterative Improvement </li></ul>
    14. 30. <breathe>
    15. 32. San Diego Wildfires <ul><li>900,000+ Evacuees </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 Acres Burned </li></ul><ul><li>1500+ Homes Destroyed </li></ul>
    16. 33. Ad-Hoc Adaptation: Nate Ritter’s Twitters Nate Ritter’s Twitters http://twitter.com/nateritter http://twitter.com/nateritter
    17. 34. Ad-hoc Adaptation: American Red Cross American Red Cross http://twitter.com/redcross
    18. 35. Champion: InSTEDD - SMS GeoChat InSTEDD - SMS GeoChat
    19. 36. Iteration: InSTEDD InSTEDD <ul><li>Working with traditional Disaster Agencies to build new tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Distributing work as Open Source </li></ul>
    20. 37. <breathe>
    21. 39. Boxing Day Tsunami <ul><li>225,000 Dead </li></ul>
    22. 40. Boxing Day Tsunami <ul><li>225,000 Deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Preventable with existing technologies </li></ul>
    23. 41. Ad-Hoc Adaptation: JRC Tsunami Model <ul><li>USGS GeoRSS earthquake feed </li></ul><ul><li>EU Commission lightweight tsunami propagation model </li></ul><ul><li>GeoRSS polygons republished </li></ul>
    24. 42. Ad-Hoc Adaptation: JRC Tsunami Model
    25. 43. Champion: GDACS: Global Disaster Alert & Coordination System System System http://www.gdacs.org
    26. 44. Iteration: Pending. Pending. <ul><li>Will these technologies save lives? </li></ul><ul><li>We won’t know until they do... or don’t. </li></ul>
    27. 45. saving lives means losing lives losing lives losing lives
    28. 46. <breathe>
    29. 47. anti-pattern
    30. 48. Anti-Pattern <ul><li>Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Ad-Hoc Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Championship </li></ul><ul><li>Iterative Improvement </li></ul>
    31. 50. Ad-hoc Adaptation: Tenacious Search Tenacious Search <ul><li>Distributed of Aerial Imagery for Search & Rescue </li></ul><ul><li>Images put into Amazon.com’s Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Possible hits sent to experts for review. </li></ul>
    32. 51. Source: http://www.wired.com/techbiz/people/magazine/15-08/ff_jimgray_lost
    33. 52. Champion: none. none. <ul><li>Public now believes that this is easily repeatable. </li></ul>
    34. 53. Iteration: Steve Fossett Search Steve Fossett Search <ul><li>Inadequate training for volunteers. </li></ul><ul><li>Many false positives. </li></ul><ul><li>People called SAR teams directly which hindered search. </li></ul>
    35. 54. Anti-Pattern <ul><li>“ In hindsight, I wish it hadn’t been there, because it didn’t produce a darn thing that was productive except for being a giant black hole for energy, time and resources. There may come a day when this technology is capable of doing what it says it can deliver, but boy, that’s not now.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Maj. Cynthia Ryan </li></ul>http://www.humanitarian.info/2007/11/08/the-perils-of-the-distributed-approach/
    36. 55. New Champions: InternetSAR InternetSAR
    37. 56. New Champions: InternetSAR InternetSAR “ ABSOLUTELY UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES are InternetSAR.org participants to report objects found in imagery we provide directly to search authorities. [...] The reason for this policy is that our systems are set up to manage and filter reports for search teams and those who bypass our reporting system can actually impede the efforts of search teams.”
    38. 57. <breathe>
    39. 58. Pattern: Disaster Tech Innovation <ul><li>Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Ad-Hoc Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Championship </li></ul><ul><li>Iterative Improvement </li></ul>
    40. 59. Be Champions
    41. 60. you don’t choose the moment... the moment chooses you . You only choose how prepared you are when it does... -Chief Mike Burtch <ul><ul><ul><li>Mikel Maron - [email_address] Jesse Robbins - [email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul>