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Introduction To World War Two Revised
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  • 1. Introduction to World War Two
  • 2. Events that Lead to War
    • Japan invades Manchuria (1931)
    • Italy invades Ethiopia (1935)
    • Germany invades Rhineland (1935)
    • To avoid war, League of Nations do nothing to stop fascist leaders
  • 3. Events that Lead to War
    • Non-Aggression Pact
      • Agreement between Hitler and Stalin
      • Germany and Russia would not attack each other
      • Secretly wanted to divide Poland
  • 4. Germany Sparks a New War
    • September 1, 1939- Hitler launched a surprise invasion of Poland
    • Test of new warfare- “Blitzkrieg” or lightning war
      • Fast moving planes, tanks, bombs, and troops to take enemy by surprise
    • Occupies western half of Poland
  • 5. Germany Sparks a New War
    • Effects
      • September 3, 1939: France and Great Britain declare war on Germany
      • Not fast enough to save Poland
  • 6. Germany Sparks a New War
    • September 17, 1939- Stalin sends Soviet troops to occupy eastern half of Poland
    • Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland also fall to Stalin
  • 7. The Phony War
    • Britain and France station troops on Maginot Line along the French-German border
      • Nothing happened until April 9, 1940
      • Hitler launches surprise invasion of Denmark and Norway which allowed them to attack Great Britain
  • 8. Jigsaw!
    • Working in pairs, you will learn more about two major battles that opened up WWII.
  • 9. The Mediterranean and Eastern Front
    • Resistance in Britain made Hitler look for success in other areas.
    • Axis attack North Africa
      • September 1940: Mussolini attacked British-controlled Egypt
      • Egypt’s Suez Canal was gateway to oil fields in Middle East
  • 10. The Mediterranean and Eastern Front
    • Britain strikes back December 1940
      • By February 1941: Britain captured 13,000 Italian prisoners
      • Hitler had to save Mussolini
        • Sent in Afrika Korps under the command of General Erwin Rommel
        • Germany and Britain battle back and forth over Tobruk, Libya
        • June 1942 Rommel takes Tobruk wins nickname “Desert Fox”
  • 11. The Mediterranean and Eastern Front
    • War in Balkans
      • Hitler wanted to invade the USSR
      • By using force, Hitler convinced Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary to join the Axis powers.
      • Greece and Yugoslavia eventually fell
  • 12. The Mediterranean and Eastern Front
    • Invasion of Soviet Union
      • June 22, 1941: Operation Barbarossa
      • Soviet Union was not prepared
        • Ill-equipped
        • Not trained
  • 13. The Mediterranean and Eastern Front
    • Invasion of Soviet Union
      • Germans cut off Leningrad from the rest of the Soviet Union during winter of 1941-42
        • Leningrad did not fall despite 1 million deaths
      • October 1941: Hitler was impatient and attacks capital of USSR, Moscow
        • German soldiers were in summer uniforms during the winter
        • Hitler ordered “No retreat!”
        • 500,000 Germans died; gained nothing
  • 14. The United States
    • Wanted to stay out of the war
      • Isolationism
      • Neutrality Acts
    • March 1941: Lend Lease Act
      • President could lend or lease arms/supplies to any country important to the U.S.
    • Atlantic Charter:
      • Secret meetings between Roosevelt and Churchill
      • Upheld free trade among nations and the right of people to choose their own government
  • 15. The United States
    • Undeclared naval war
      • U.S. vs Germany
      • Unofficial submarine warfare