1899: Hemingway is born on July 21 in Oak Park IL (suburb of Chicago )
Hemingway’s parents (Clarence and Grace) - Father was a doctor who loved hunting, fishing, and outdoors life - Mother was a homemaker and devout Christian 1928: father commits suicide – deeply affects Hemingway
1918: Ernest volunteers for Red Cross Ambulance Corps in Italy - can’t get into the service because of a bad eye injury sustained while boxing in high school
Badly wounded during his tour in Italy - 227 leg wounds, has several surgeries, receives aluminum kneecap - 1 st American wounded in Italy during WWI; decorated for heroism by the Italian government
1921: Marries Hadley Richardson / moves to Paris - Hemingway works under the guidance of Gertrude Stein - Becomes part of the American expatriate movement
<ul><li>1929: A Farewell To Arms is a prequel to The Sun Also Rises </li></ul><ul><li>HUGE success! </li></ul><ul><li>sold 80,000 copies in four months </li></ul>
In response to The Great Depression in America, Hemingway flees the States and travels around the world. He spends much time in Spain where he loves to go to bullfights...
… and Africa where he enjoyed hunting big game and killing things!
1932: Nonfiction text about bullfighting - shows Hemingway’s love for the sport
1935: Nonfiction tale of a month-long safari in Africa
1940: divorces Pauline Pfeiffer and marries Martha Gelhorn - she is a journalist - Hemingway said she was, “more ambitious as Napoleon and about as talented as the average high school validictorian.”
1940: Novel about the Spanish Civil War - Hemingway supported Loyalist Spain during the actual Spanish-Civil War
1942: Hemingway and Martha settle in Cuba - Spends two years sailing around Cuba in a fishing boat trying to spot enemy submarines.
<ul><li>1944: divorces Martha, marries Mary Welsh </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Couple goes to France during WWII </li></ul><ul><li>she is a war correspondent for Time magazine </li></ul><ul><li>-he serves several missions for the Royal Air Force (R.A.F.) </li></ul><ul><li>“ liberated” the bar at the Ritz Hotel in Paris before the Allied forces arrived </li></ul>
1952: The Old Man and the Sea re-establishes Hemingway as a major force in American Literature
<ul><li>As Hemingway aged, his own physical and mental health began to falter. </li></ul><ul><li>- in 2 plane crashes in Africa within a few days of each other </li></ul><ul><li>experiencing bipolar symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>- tries electroshock therapy </li></ul>