ThomasJefferson Kim Harmon & Brandon Haydt Period 4 World History Honors
Jefferson’s Background Born: April 13, 1743, in Shadwell, Virginia Died: July 4, 1826, at Monticello Grew up in Virginia Educated from ages 9-14 by a clergyman named William Douglas. Douglas taught him Greek, Latin, and French. Attended the College of William and Mary Well known philosopher, architect, inventor, writer, linguist, and leader.
What was the Age of Enlightenment? Revolutionary period in Europe in the 1600s. period of scientific awakening. Centered around Europe. John Locke's book “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (1690) started the Enlightenment. Led to religious, intellectual, educational, economic, and political changes. “question everything.”
Jefferson and the Enlightenment Many beliefs derived from Age of Enlightenment. Was a philosopher, and was well read on literature from this time. Many ideas in Declaration of Independence from Enlightenment Opposed Thomas Hobbe’s views. Agreed with John Locke’s and Thomas Paine’s books.
Adopted by Congress on July 4, 1776. Jefferson was principal author. Many views that originated in Age of Enlightenment. Contains many adaptations of John Locke’s ideas. “Life, Liberty, Pursuit of Happiness” from Locke. Declaration of Independence
Jefferson’s Declaration was influential to the U.S. Constitution. The Declaration was used as a reference while writing the Constitution. The Constitution today is framework for our government. Many ideas formed in the Enlightenment and adopted by Jefferson are included in this document. American Culture and lifestyle is derived from this document. United States Constitution
"What all agree upon is probably right; what no two agree in most probably is wrong.” Jefferson’s Axiom
Referred to as Jefferson’s Axiom.
Used as framework for finding truth
Characterized his theology.
Found in a letter to John Adams dated January 11, 1817.
Jefferson’s Inventions Introduced numerous plants to the United States. Designed a farm plow in 1794. Developed a macaroni machine in 1787. Made the Patent Act of 1790 which created the first patenting system. Developed moldboard plow of least resistance. Developed wheel cipher. Created a sundial. Designed his own clocks. Developed a portable copying press. Perfected the polygraph. Designed automatic double doors. Designed a revolving book stand. Designed beds Improved revolving chairs.
Jefferson created the University of Virginia at Charlottesville. Conceived by 1800. Established in 1819. He conceived, panned, designed, and supervised all aspects of building and creating it. Jefferson’s final main accomplishment. First educational institution to offer academic programs in astronomy and philosophy. First university to have no religious affiliation. Jefferson’s University
Outspoken abolitionist. Owned many slaves over lifetime. Was too much in debt to free his slaves. Trained and schooled slaves in high quality skills. Tried unsuccessfully many times to abolish slaves. Believed strongly in equality. Emancipated his 5 best slaves after many years. Jefferson Influence on Slaves
Jefferson’s Role in Government 3rd President of the United States (March 4, 1801 to March 3, 1809) Political party: Democratic-Republican Member of Virginia House of Burgesses, 1769-74 Member of Continental Congress, 1775-76 Governor of Virginia, 1779-81 Member of Continental Congress, 1783-85 Minister to France, 1785-89 Secretary of State, 1790-93 Vice President, 1797-1801
Father of American Democracy Thomas Jefferson founded the Democratic-Republican Party in 1792. Was a congressional caucus to fight for the Bill of Rights and against the Federalist Party. Led to Jefferson being elected as the first Democratic President of the United States. Today, we have Democrat and Republican parties. Greatly influenced American politics. Jefferson now known as the “Father of American Democracy.”
Jeffersonian Political Philosophy Representative Democracy, where citizens should stand out against things they don’t want. Financiers, bankers, and industrialists cause corruption and should be avoided Said people should spread the "Empire of Liberty" to the world. Promoted non-interventionism. Stay strict to the constitution. Avoid a standing army and navy. Strongly wanted freedom of speech and press to prevent tyranny. The federal government must respect States’ Rights. Stick to the Bill of Rights. Keep church and state separate. Wanted economics based on agriculture rather than industry.
Citations Document. Sullivan-Country. Jeremy Koselak, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2010. <http://www.sullivan-county.com/deism/index.htm>. Flickr. Yahoo Inc., 2010. Web. 13 Jan. 2010. <http://www.flickr.com>. Changing Minds. Syque, 2002-2009. Web. 13 Jan. 2010. <http://changingminds.org/explanations/ research/articles/enlightenment.htm>. Bober, Natalie S., ed. Thomas Jefferson: Draftsman of a Nation. N.p.: University of Virginia Press, 2007. Print. US History. Independence Hall Association, 1999-2010. Web. 13 Jan. 2010. <http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/>. Ealy, Steven."Robert Penn Warren on Thomas Jefferson on Human Nature" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Political Science Association, New Orleans, LA, Fairmont Hotel, Mar 23, 2005 <Not Available>. 2009-05-25 <http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p88775_index.html>. Lockridge, Kenneth A. On the Sources of Patriarchal Rage: The Commonplace Books of William Byrd and Thomas Jefferson and the Gendering of Power in the Eighteenth Century. NY: NY UP, 1992.