0
BRITISH LIT. II THE ROMANTIC PERIOD: 1785-1830
A PERIOD OF GREAT CHANGE <ul><li>FOR CENTURIES ENGLAND HAD BEEN AN AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY W/ A POWERFUL LANDHOLDING ARISTOCR...
 
 
 
 
PERIOD OF CHANGE (cont.)‏ <ul><li>NOW THE COUNTRY WAS BEING TRANSFORMED INTO A MODERN INDUSTRIAL NATION OF LARGE-SCALE EMP...
 
 
THE POLITICAL CONTEXT <ul><li>THE AMERICAN & FRENCH REVOLU-TIONS </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC INFLATION & DEPRESSION </li></...
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION <ul><li>AT FIRST WIDELY SUPPORTED BY ENGLISH LIBERALS & RADICALS, WHO ADVOCATED A DEMOCRATIC REPUBLI...
FRENCH REVOLUTION (cont.)‏ <ul><li>AS THE REVOLUTION BECAME IN-CREASINGLY BLOODY, HOWEVER (CULMINATING IN THE “REIGN OF TE...
 
FRENCH REVOLUTION (cont.)‏ <ul><li>NAPOLEAN, THE CHAMPION OF THE REVOLUTION, HIMSELF BECAME A DESPOT WHO WAS ULTIMATELY DE...
 
CONDITIONS IN ENGLAND <ul><li>A TIME OF HARSH POLITICAL RE-PRESSION, IN SPITE OF THE NEED FOR POLITICAL CHANGES BROUGHT AB...
PHYSICAL & SOCIAL CHANGES <ul><li>MILL TOWNS GREW. </li></ul><ul><li>THE LANDSCAPE WAS INCREASINGLY SUBDIVIDED. </li></ul>...
 
 
LACK OF REFORM <ul><li>ECONOMIC & POLITICAL REFORMS WERE SLOW TO OCCUR BECAUSE OF THE PREVAILING  LAISSEZ-FAIRE  (“LET ALO...
LACK OF REFORM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE CONSEQUENCES WERE LOW WAGES FOR MOST WORKERS, HORRI-BLE WORKING CONDITIONS, & LARGE-SC...
LACK OF REFORM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>IN THE FACE OF ECONOMIC DEPRES-SION & TECHNOLOGICAL UNEM-PLOYMENT, WORKERS (WHO HAD NO VOT...
LACK OF REFORM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>WHILE THE POOR OF ENGLAND SUFFERED, HOWEVER, THE LEISURE CLASS PROSPERED. </li></ul>
ROMANTICISM <ul><li>A DIFFICULT TERM TO DEFINE B/C OF THE VARIETY OF LITERARY ACHIEVEMENTS, AND WRITERS OF THE PERIOD WERE...
ROMANTICISM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>BUT MANY HAD A SENSE OF THE “SPIRIT OF THE AGE”—THAT A GREAT RELEASE OF CREATIVE ENERGY WAS O...
ROMANTICISM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE ROMANTIC PERIOD WAS SEEN BY MANY AS AN AGE OF NEW BEGIN-NINGS & UNLIMITED POSSIBILITIES. ...
POETIC THEORY & PRACTICE <ul><li>WILLIAM WORDSWORTH TRIED TO ARTICULATE THE SPIRIT OF THE NEW POETRY OF THE PERIOD IN THE ...
ROMANTIC POETRY <ul><li>THE ROMANTIC CONCEPTION OF POETRY WAS OF THE “SPONTANEOUS OVERFLOW OF POWERFUL FEEL-INGS.” </li></ul>
ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE ESSENCE OF POETIC CONTENT WAS SEEN AS THE MIND, EMOTIONS, & IMAGINATION OF THE POET (...
ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE FIRST-PERSON LYRIC POEM BE-CAME THE MAJOR LITERARY FORM OF THE ERA, W/ THE “I” OF THE...
ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>IN KEEPING W/ THIS, POEMS ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SELF BECAME A MAJOR POETIC FORM. <...
ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTICISM ALSO PLACES GREAT EMPHASIS ON THE CONCEPT OF POETIC SPONTANEITY & FREEDOM. </...
POETIC SPONTANEITY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>IN THE ROMANTIC VIEW, THE INI-TIAL ACT OF POETIC COMPOSITION MUST ARISE FROM IMPULSE, ...
ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETS ALSO EMPHASIZE THE IMPORTANCE OF ACCURATELY OBSERVING & DESCRIBING NATURE,...
ROLE OF NATURE (cont.) <ul><li>IN ROMANTIC POETRY THE LAND-SCAPE IS OFTEN GIVEN HUMAN QUALITIES OR SEEN AS A SYMBOL SYSTEM...
ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETS ALSO FREQUENT-LY GLORIFY THE COMMONPLACE. </li></ul><ul><li>IN THIS PERIOD...
THE COMMONPLACE (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETS SOUGHT TO RE-FRESH READERS’ SENSE OF WONDER ABOUT THE ORDINARY THINGS OF L...
ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>IN SPITE OF THE ABOVE COMMENTS ABOUT GLORIFYING THE COMMON-PLACE, MANY ROMANTIC POEMS ALS...
THE STRANGE (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THESE KINDS OF POEMS OFTEN IN-CORPORATE MATERIAL FROM FOLK-LORE, SUPERSTITION, ETC. & ARE SET...
THE STRANGE (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETS OFTEN SHOWED AN INTEREST IN UNUSUAL MODES OF EXPERIENCE, SUCH AS VISIONARY STA...
ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETRY ALSO PLACES GREAT EMPHASIS ON THE CONCEPTS OF INDIVIDUALISM, NONCONFORM-I...
INFINITE STRIVING (cont.)‏ <ul><li>HUMAN BEINGS WERE SEEN AS POSSESSING GREAT POWER & POTENTIAL THAT HAD FORMERLY BEEN ASC...
INIDIVIDUALISM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>MANY WRITERS DELIBERATELY ISOLATED THEMSELVES FROM SOCIETY IN ORDER TO FOCUS ON THEIR INDI...
INIDIVIDUALISM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE THEME OF EXILE BECAME COM-MON IN ROMANTIC LITERATURE, W/ THE ROMANTIC NONCONFORMIST OF...
THE NOVEL (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE TWO MAJOR NOVELISTS OF THE PERIOD WERE SIR WALTER SCOTT & JANE AUSTEN (A VERY UNROMANTIC WR...
Wordsworth: The Lamb
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Romantic Period

15,580

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
15,580
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
242
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Romantic Period"

  1. 1. BRITISH LIT. II THE ROMANTIC PERIOD: 1785-1830
  2. 2. A PERIOD OF GREAT CHANGE <ul><li>FOR CENTURIES ENGLAND HAD BEEN AN AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY W/ A POWERFUL LANDHOLDING ARISTOCRACY. </li></ul>
  3. 7. PERIOD OF CHANGE (cont.)‏ <ul><li>NOW THE COUNTRY WAS BEING TRANSFORMED INTO A MODERN INDUSTRIAL NATION OF LARGE-SCALE EMPLOYERS & A GROWING, RESTLESS MIDDLE CLASS. </li></ul>
  4. 10. THE POLITICAL CONTEXT <ul><li>THE AMERICAN & FRENCH REVOLU-TIONS </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC INFLATION & DEPRESSION </li></ul><ul><li>THREATS TO THE EXISTING SOCIAL ORDER FROM NEW, REVOLUTIONARY IDEAS </li></ul>
  5. 11. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION <ul><li>AT FIRST WIDELY SUPPORTED BY ENGLISH LIBERALS & RADICALS, WHO ADVOCATED A DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC FOR ENGLAND THROUGH EITHER PEACEFUL EVOLUTION OR POPULAR REVOLUTION. </li></ul>
  6. 12. FRENCH REVOLUTION (cont.)‏ <ul><li>AS THE REVOLUTION BECAME IN-CREASINGLY BLOODY, HOWEVER (CULMINATING IN THE “REIGN OF TERROR”), ENGLISH SYMPATHY WANED. </li></ul>
  7. 14. FRENCH REVOLUTION (cont.)‏ <ul><li>NAPOLEAN, THE CHAMPION OF THE REVOLUTION, HIMSELF BECAME A DESPOT WHO WAS ULTIMATELY DEFEATED BY OTHER REACTION-ARY TYRANTS. </li></ul>
  8. 16. CONDITIONS IN ENGLAND <ul><li>A TIME OF HARSH POLITICAL RE-PRESSION, IN SPITE OF THE NEED FOR POLITICAL CHANGES BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLU-TION. </li></ul>
  9. 17. PHYSICAL & SOCIAL CHANGES <ul><li>MILL TOWNS GREW. </li></ul><ul><li>THE LANDSCAPE WAS INCREASINGLY SUBDIVIDED. </li></ul><ul><li>FACTORIES SPEWED SMOKE & POL-LUTION OVER EVER-EXPANDING SLUMS. </li></ul><ul><li>THE POPULATION WAS INCREASING-LY DIVIDED INTO RICH & POOR. </li></ul>
  10. 20. LACK OF REFORM <ul><li>ECONOMIC & POLITICAL REFORMS WERE SLOW TO OCCUR BECAUSE OF THE PREVAILING LAISSEZ-FAIRE (“LET ALONE”) PHILOSOPHY. </li></ul>
  11. 21. LACK OF REFORM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE CONSEQUENCES WERE LOW WAGES FOR MOST WORKERS, HORRI-BLE WORKING CONDITIONS, & LARGE-SCALE EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN & CHILDREN IN CRUSHING OCCUPATIONS (SUCH AS COAL MIN-ING). </li></ul>
  12. 22. LACK OF REFORM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>IN THE FACE OF ECONOMIC DEPRES-SION & TECHNOLOGICAL UNEM-PLOYMENT, WORKERS (WHO HAD NO VOTE) HAD TO RESORT TO PROTESTS & RIOTS, INCURRING FURTHER RE-PRESSION. </li></ul>
  13. 23. LACK OF REFORM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>WHILE THE POOR OF ENGLAND SUFFERED, HOWEVER, THE LEISURE CLASS PROSPERED. </li></ul>
  14. 24. ROMANTICISM <ul><li>A DIFFICULT TERM TO DEFINE B/C OF THE VARIETY OF LITERARY ACHIEVEMENTS, AND WRITERS OF THE PERIOD WERE ONLY LATER LABELED “ROMANTIC.” </li></ul>
  15. 25. ROMANTICISM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>BUT MANY HAD A SENSE OF THE “SPIRIT OF THE AGE”—THAT A GREAT RELEASE OF CREATIVE ENERGY WAS OCCURING AS AN ACCOMPANIMENT TO POLITICAL & SOCIAL CHANGE. </li></ul>
  16. 26. ROMANTICISM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE ROMANTIC PERIOD WAS SEEN BY MANY AS AN AGE OF NEW BEGIN-NINGS & UNLIMITED POSSIBILITIES. </li></ul>
  17. 27. POETIC THEORY & PRACTICE <ul><li>WILLIAM WORDSWORTH TRIED TO ARTICULATE THE SPIRIT OF THE NEW POETRY OF THE PERIOD IN THE PREFACE TO LYRICAL BALLADS (1800, 1802). </li></ul>
  18. 28. ROMANTIC POETRY <ul><li>THE ROMANTIC CONCEPTION OF POETRY WAS OF THE “SPONTANEOUS OVERFLOW OF POWERFUL FEEL-INGS.” </li></ul>
  19. 29. ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE ESSENCE OF POETIC CONTENT WAS SEEN AS THE MIND, EMOTIONS, & IMAGINATION OF THE POET ( NOT THE OUTER WORLD). </li></ul>
  20. 30. ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE FIRST-PERSON LYRIC POEM BE-CAME THE MAJOR LITERARY FORM OF THE ERA, W/ THE “I” OF THE POEM OFTEN REFERRING DIRECTLY TO THE POET. </li></ul>
  21. 31. ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>IN KEEPING W/ THIS, POEMS ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SELF BECAME A MAJOR POETIC FORM. </li></ul>
  22. 32. ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTICISM ALSO PLACES GREAT EMPHASIS ON THE CONCEPT OF POETIC SPONTANEITY & FREEDOM. </li></ul>
  23. 33. POETIC SPONTANEITY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>IN THE ROMANTIC VIEW, THE INI-TIAL ACT OF POETIC COMPOSITION MUST ARISE FROM IMPULSE, BE FREE FROM RULES INHERITED FROM THE PAST, & RELY ON INSTINCT, IN-TUITION, & FEELING. </li></ul>
  24. 34. ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETS ALSO EMPHASIZE THE IMPORTANCE OF ACCURATELY OBSERVING & DESCRIBING NATURE, WHICH SERVES AS A STIMULUS TO THINKING & TO THE RESOLUTION OF PERSONAL PROBLEMS & CRISES. </li></ul>
  25. 35. ROLE OF NATURE (cont.) <ul><li>IN ROMANTIC POETRY THE LAND-SCAPE IS OFTEN GIVEN HUMAN QUALITIES OR SEEN AS A SYMBOL SYSTEM REVEALING THE NATURE OF THE DIVINE. </li></ul>
  26. 36. ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETS ALSO FREQUENT-LY GLORIFY THE COMMONPLACE. </li></ul><ul><li>IN THIS PERIOD, HUMBLE, RUSTIC SUBJECT MATTER & PLAIN STYLE BECAME THE PRINCIPAL SUBJECT & MEDIUM OF POETRY. </li></ul>
  27. 37. THE COMMONPLACE (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETS SOUGHT TO RE-FRESH READERS’ SENSE OF WONDER ABOUT THE ORDINARY THINGS OF LIFE, TO MAKE THE “OLD” SEEM NEW. </li></ul>
  28. 38. ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>IN SPITE OF THE ABOVE COMMENTS ABOUT GLORIFYING THE COMMON-PLACE, MANY ROMANTIC POEMS ALSO EXPLORE THE REALM OF MYSTERY & MAGIC, THE STRANGE & SUPERNATURAL. </li></ul>
  29. 39. THE STRANGE (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THESE KINDS OF POEMS OFTEN IN-CORPORATE MATERIAL FROM FOLK-LORE, SUPERSTITION, ETC. & ARE SET IN FARAWAY PLACES OR THE DISTANT PAST. </li></ul>
  30. 40. THE STRANGE (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETS OFTEN SHOWED AN INTEREST IN UNUSUAL MODES OF EXPERIENCE, SUCH AS VISIONARY STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS, HYPNO-TISM, DREAMS, DRUG-INDUCED STATES, & SO FORTH. </li></ul>
  31. 41. ROMANTIC POETRY (cont.)‏ <ul><li>ROMANTIC POETRY ALSO PLACES GREAT EMPHASIS ON THE CONCEPTS OF INDIVIDUALISM, NONCONFORM-ITY, & INFINITE STRIVING. </li></ul>
  32. 42. INFINITE STRIVING (cont.)‏ <ul><li>HUMAN BEINGS WERE SEEN AS POSSESSING GREAT POWER & POTENTIAL THAT HAD FORMERLY BEEN ASCRIBED ONLY TO GOD. </li></ul>
  33. 43. INIDIVIDUALISM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>MANY WRITERS DELIBERATELY ISOLATED THEMSELVES FROM SOCIETY IN ORDER TO FOCUS ON THEIR INDIVIDUAL VISION. </li></ul>
  34. 44. INIDIVIDUALISM (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE THEME OF EXILE BECAME COM-MON IN ROMANTIC LITERATURE, W/ THE ROMANTIC NONCONFORMIST OFTEN PORTRAYED AS A GREAT SIN-NER OR OUTLAW. </li></ul>
  35. 45. THE NOVEL (cont.)‏ <ul><li>THE TWO MAJOR NOVELISTS OF THE PERIOD WERE SIR WALTER SCOTT & JANE AUSTEN (A VERY UNROMANTIC WRITER). </li></ul>
  36. 46. Wordsworth: The Lamb
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×