“ Iron and Blood” Otto von Bismarck
Wars <ul><li>&quot; The great questions of the day will not be settled by means of speeches and majority decisions but by ...
Wars <ul><li>Seven Weeks War </li></ul><ul><li>In 1866, Prussia allied with Italy, defeated Austria in the Seven Weeks War...
Wars <ul><li>Franco-Prussian War </li></ul><ul><li>In 1870, Bismarck tricked France, the last remaining obstacle to German...
German Unification  <ul><li>&quot; A government must not waiver once it has chosen it's course. It must not look to the le...
German Unification <ul><li>A During Bismarck’s life, nationalistic feeling was on the rise and Bismarck was able to exploi...
Ensuing Treaties <ul><li>Ensuing Treaties </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Anyone who has ever looked into the glazed eyes of a so...
Ensuing Treaties <ul><li>Dual Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Austria-Hungary entered into a dual alliance. It guar...
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Iron And Blood

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Otto von Bismarck's accomplishments.

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Iron And Blood

  1. 1. “ Iron and Blood” Otto von Bismarck
  2. 2. Wars <ul><li>&quot; The great questions of the day will not be settled by means of speeches and majority decisions but by iron and blood.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Although he was not a warmonger, Otto von Bismarck used wars to unify the German States. </li></ul><ul><li>Danish War </li></ul><ul><li>Prussia allied with Austria, promising a joint occupation of the territories Prussia wished to claim. In 1864, Prussia and Austria defeat Denmark. Prussia only took Schleswig and Holstein, and nothing else. This was so that Denmark did not seek revenge later. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Wars <ul><li>Seven Weeks War </li></ul><ul><li>In 1866, Prussia allied with Italy, defeated Austria in the Seven Weeks War. The only territory Bismarck took was Venetia for Italy, the price Bismarck had promised Italy in exchange for help. Prussian was then able to rid the German states of Austrian influence. He then created a Northern German Confederation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Wars <ul><li>Franco-Prussian War </li></ul><ul><li>In 1870, Bismarck tricked France, the last remaining obstacle to German unification, into declaring war on Prussia. Prussia defeated France in the Franco-Prussian war. Unlike with Denmark and Austria, Bismarck did not go easy on France. He took the territories of Alsace and Lorraine, and required that the French pay Germany five billion dollars. Moreover, German troops would occupy France until the entire debt was paid off. The Emperor of Germany was also crowned at Versailles. </li></ul>
  5. 5. German Unification <ul><li>&quot; A government must not waiver once it has chosen it's course. It must not look to the left or right but go forward. &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Bismarck was able to unify Germany through a series of wars. Bismarck was not a warmonger, though he realized that any massive conflict could easily tear his empire apart. Bismarck also used diplomacy, threats and promises to make his dream of a unified Germany a reality.Bismarck’s task of uniting 39 independent states under one banner had its obstacles. First, Bismarck new that if Austria-Hungary was included in the unified Germany, the Austrians would dominate Germany. Also many German states were allied to Austria-Hungary, if Bismarck declared was on Austria-Hungary then he might alienate some necessary states. Bismarck did go to war with Austria-Hungary but when Prussia was the victor, Bismarck did not take any territory directly. Austria-Hungary’s allies felt pressured to join Prussia. </li></ul>
  6. 6. German Unification <ul><li>A During Bismarck’s life, nationalistic feeling was on the rise and Bismarck was able to exploit it. Denmark had many German peoples living within its borders. Bismarck went to war with Denmark and took a small amount of territory under the guise that he was liberating the German population there. The southern German states would not join the ever-growing Northern German Confederation out of fear of repercussions from France. Prussia easily beat France in the Franco-Prussian War. This allowed the southern German states to be absorbed into the now completed German Empire. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ensuing Treaties <ul><li>Ensuing Treaties </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Anyone who has ever looked into the glazed eyes of a soldier dying on the battlefield will think hard before starting a war. &quot; Three Emperors League </li></ul><ul><li>Bismarck created a friendship, not a binding alliance, between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. Bismarck intended this so that Austria-Hungary and Russia would not join France against Germany. Congress of Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Bismarck attempted to create peace over the controversial Peace of San Stefano. He rewrote the treaty to ensure peace and prevent the wars that had been threatened had the original treaty gone through. However, this ended up angering many countries as they lost territory they believed that they would have gained. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ensuing Treaties <ul><li>Dual Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Austria-Hungary entered into a dual alliance. It guaranteed mutual protection against Russia and mutual neutrality against anyone else. This alliance lasted until after WWI. Reinsurance Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>The Reinsurance Treaty was basically a renewal of the Three Emperors League. The treaty was between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. Triple Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. </li></ul>

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