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The Cell
 

The Cell

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Compare the structure of Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell.

Compare the structure of Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell.

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    The Cell The Cell Presentation Transcript

    • The cell Learning objective: Compare The structure of Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic cell The cell
      • All living things are made up of cells.
      • The cell is the basic unit of life. Based on the organization of their cellular structures, all living cells can be divided into two groups: prokaryotic and eukaryotic.
      • Animals, plants, fungi, protozoans, and algae all possess eukaryotic cell types . Only bacteria have prokaryotic cell types .
    • evolutionary relationships between bacteria, archaea, and the four kingdoms of eukaryotic organisms.
    • Prokaryotic Cell
      • Prokaryotes / Prokaryotic
      • First organisms, simple structure
      • Generally smaller than eukaryotic
      • Has one circular chromosome which floats in cytoplasm
      • Has no membrane bound organelles
      • Can have slime layer / pili / capsule
      • Bacteria and some protists
    • Eukaryotic cell (Plant & animal cell)
      • Eukaryotes / Eukaryotic
      • More evolved, complex cells
      • Generally larger than prokaryotic
      • Has two or more chromosomes
      • Has some membrane bound organelles
      • Has mitochondria
      • Some protists, most fungi, most plants, and all animals
    • Summary
    • Mitotic or meiotic By fission or budding Cell division Present Absent Cell Organelles Present Absent Nucleolus More than one linear Single circular Chromosome Surrounded by a nuclear membrane Not surrounded by nuclear membrane Nuclear region Generally large (5-100m) Generally small (1-10m) Size Eukaryotic cell Prokaryotic cell Parameter
    • Eukaryotic cell and Prokaryotic cell
      • Reference from:
      • <http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Human_Physiology/Cell_physiology
      • <http://www.egurucool.com/academics/ess/webarea/samples/10114708/758/34_36_1_8_2.html