Drug Prescriptions


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Drug Prescriptions
Chapter 7
Medical Terminology
by Carmelita Chavez

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Drug Prescriptions

  1. 1. Drug prescriptions<br />Respiratory System<br />Chapter 7<br />By; Carmelita Chavez<br />
  2. 2. Respiratory System & Medication<br />Respiratory system is the part of the body that deals with the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in order for people to breath (inhale and exhale.)<br />Organs in the respiratory system include nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, and lungs.<br />People might be born or develop complications with these organs such as asthma, inflammation, and infections.<br />Thanks to science there’s medicine to treat and cure these complications.<br />
  3. 3. Drug prescriptions<br />Drug prescriptions or medicine that could help to treat problems with the respiratory system are antibiotics, antihistamine, antitussive, bronchodilator, corticosteroids, decongestant, expectorant, and mucolytic.<br />I’m going to describe in detail antihistamine, bronchodilator, and decongestant.<br />
  4. 4. Antihistamine<br />
  5. 5. Antihistamine<br />(Anti-) against histamine<br />Is a medication used to treat allergies. <br />Antihistamine “blocks the effects of histamine that has been released by the body during an allergy attack.” <br />Histamine is released by the immune system after exposure to allergens (substances that cause allergies.)<br />
  6. 6. Antihistamine<br />Histamine binds to receptors in the cells where cells that are in the nose and throat swell and leak fluid as a defense mechanism and that’s when symptoms occurred such as nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing and itchy nose.<br />Antihistamine medication comes in capsules, tablets, nasal sprays, and injections. <br />Common generic and brand names for histamine medications Allegra, Loratadine, Claritin, and Benadryl.<br />
  7. 7. Bronchodilator<br />
  8. 8. Bronchodilator<br />Bronchodilator “relaxes muscles spasms in bronchial tubes. Use to treat asthma.”<br />20 million Americans have asthma and 75 % of the cases are under age 7.<br />Is a medication with a substance that dilates bronchi and bronchioles to allow maximum airflow. <br />To be more specific bronchodilators causes dilation on pulmonary receptors by increasing levels of cAMP, which relaxes smooth muscles. <br />
  9. 9. Bronchodilator<br />There are two types of bronchodilator the short- acting and long-acting.<br />Short –acting bronchodilator are use for emergencies to relive asthma symptoms really quick to prevent an asthma attack. It opens airways within few minutes of being inhale.<br />Long-acting bronchodilator react slower and can be use everyday it takes 45 to an hour to open airways usually people can use this type of bronchodilators twice a day.<br />Common generic name for bronchodilators are Albuterol, Proventil, and Salmetrol.<br />
  10. 10. Decongestant<br />
  11. 11. Decongestant<br />Decongestant “reduces stuffiness and congestion throughout the respiratory system.”<br />Decongestants reduce the congestion and is not an antihistamine. As mention before histamine is what produces the mucus formation decongestants do not block histamine, but will help to dry it.<br /> Decongestants prescriptions or medication can cause side effects such as high blood pressure and heart rate. <br />
  12. 12. Decongestant<br />There are 2 easy and natural decongestants which are exercising (running) and coffee.<br />Exercising inhibits adrenaline. A lot of decongestant medicine contain similar ingredients to the adrenaline that helps reduce stuffiness.<br />Coffee or any product with caffeine helps reduce congestion. Side effects from caffeine are similar to decongestants (high blood pressure and heart rate)<br />In pharmacies you can find decongestants such as Sinex, Afrin, and Drixoral.<br />
  13. 13. Bibliography<br />fairmanstudios.com/<br />http://www.healthmonitor.com<br />http://health.yahoo.com/experts<br />http://www.webmd.com/<br />http://www.wikipedia.org/<br />Mosby’s Nursing Drug Reference Book<br />Mosby’s Dictionary<br />