What is Cognitive
• “Cognitive learning is the result of
listening, watching, or touching.”
• It is also the learning through or
• Discovered “Dual coding theory”- which
states people process information in two
different ways: processing of images, and
processing of language.
Robert Gagne from http://
• Gave 9 events of instruction. Which can better be
understood with the diagram in the next slide.
• Also explained their are 5 areas of learning
• 1. Verbal Information
• 2. Intellectual Skills
• 3. Cognitive Strategies
• 4. Motor Skills
• 5. Attitudes
Photo retreived from http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/
• Created the Elaboration Theory
• States that basic information should be
Photo retrived from
taught ﬁrst to give support for more ﬁleId=571
detailed information to come in later
• According to Reigeluth this would
maximize the students learning capacity.
Teachers using Cognitive
• Create lesson plans that start with basic
information than continue with detailed
• Make each students goal obtainable.
• Have lesson plans incorporate “hands-on”
Students using Cognitive
• Students can read Electronic Books instead
of traditional books to better visualize what
is being read.
• Play educational software games to visualize
what is being learned.
Personal Use of
• The cognitive theory of learning is
something that I would personally use in a
classroom, as I feel that it is important to
understand and follow the ways that
capitalize one’s individual learning.
• Follow Bloom’s Taxonomy as it is a way to
follow Cognitive Learning.