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Tissue
 

Tissue

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Tissue Tissue Presentation Transcript

  • Tissue
    • Similar cells specialized and grouped for a purpose
    Epithelial Muscular Connective Nervous Credits
  • Epithelial Tissue
    • Cover body surfaces
    • Line internal cavities
    • Make up glands
    Tissue Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Simple Columnar Pseudostratified Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Transitional Credits
  • Simple Squamous
    • Single layers of squamous shaped cells
    • Mainly used for gas and nutrient exchange
    Tissue Epithelial Simple Cuboidal Simple Columnar Pseudostratified Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Transitional Credits
  • Simple Cuboidal
    • Single layers of cube shaped cells
    • Large, round nuclei
    • Main uses include secretion and absorption
    Tissue Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Columnar Pseudostratified Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Transitional Credits
  • Simple Columnar
    • Single layer of tall cells
    • May have cilia
    • Some goblet cells
    • Absorption, mucus and enzyme secretion
    Tissue Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Pseudostratified Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Transitional Credits
  • Pseudostratified Columnar
    • Single layer of uneven columnar cells
    • Can contain goblet cells
    • Propels mucus with cilia
    Tissue Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Simple Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Transitional Credits
  • Stratified Squamous
    • Form disposable layers of the skin
    • Keratinized and not
    • Lines oft abraded, moist areas of the body
    • Multiple layers
    Tissue Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Pseudostratified Columnar Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Transitional Credits
  • Stratified Cuboidal
    • Usually two layers
    • Cuboidal (cube-esque) shaped cells
    • Very rare
    Tissue Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Pseudostratified Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Columnar Transitional Credits
  • Stratified Columnar
    • Multiple layers of tall cells
    • Oval nuclei
    • Also very rare
    Tissue Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Pseudostratified Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Transitional Credits
  • Transitional
    • Looks like stratified squamous and stratified cuboidal
    • Stretchable
    • Very job specific form of epithelia
    Tissue Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Cuboidal Pseudostratified Columnar Stratified Squamous Stratified Cuboidal Stratified Columnar Credits
  • Muscular Tissue
    • Voluntary movement
    • Involuntary movement
    • Skeletal
    • Cardiac
    • Smooth
    Tissue Skeletal Smooth Cardiac Credits
  • Skeletal Muscle
    • Responsible for voluntary movements
    • Connected to the skeleton
    • Striated
    • Multinucleate
    • Very large cells
    Tissue Skeletal Smooth Cardiac Credits
  • Smooth Muscle
    • Involuntary
    • Peristalsis
    • Birth
    • Not striated
    • Mononucleate
    Tissue Skeletal Smooth Cardiac Credits
  • Cardiac Muscle
    • Striated
    • Usually mononucleate
    • Branched, and separated
    • Similar in appearance to both smooth and skeletal muscle
    Tissue Skeleton Smooth Cardiac Credits
  • Nervous Tissue
    • Makes up spinal cord
    • Brain
    • Nerves
    • Transmit instructions
    • Sensory data
    Tissue Epithelial Muscular Tissue Connective Tissue Credits
  • Connective Tissue
    • Connective tissue proper
    • Cartilage
    • Osseous (bone)
    • Blood
    Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Cartilage Credits Bone Blood
  • Connective Tissue Proper
    • Most logically “connective”
    • Loose Connective Tissue
    • Dense Connective Tissue
    Tissue Connective Tissue Loose Connective Tissue Dense Connective Tissue Cartilage Blood Bone Credits
  • Loose Connective Tissue
    • Areolar
    • Adipose
    • Reticular
    • Gel-like matrix
    • Composed of all three connective fibers
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Areolar Adipose Reticular Dense Connective Tissue Cartilage Blood Bone Credits
  • Areolar
    • Wrapper and pillow for organs
    • Can destroy bacteria
    • Moves tissue fluids
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Loose Connective Tissue Adipose Reticular Dense Connective Tissue Cartilage Blood Bone Credits
  • Adipose
    • Reserve fuel
    • Insulator
    • Cushion for organs
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Loose Connective Tissue Areolar Reticular Cartilage Blood Bone Credits
  • Reticular
    • Forms a net for other cells
    • Supports cells such as liver cells in a soft skeleton
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Loose Connective Tissue Adipose Areolar Cartilage Blood Bone Credits
  • Dense Connective Tissue
    • Composed mainly of fibroblasts
    • Dense regular
    • Dense irregular
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Dense Regular Dense Irregular Cartilage Blood Bone Credits
  • Dense Regular
    • Withstands tension in one direction
    • Attaches muscles to bone
    • And vice versa
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Dense Connective Tissue Dense Irregular Cartilage Bone Blood Credits
  • Dense Irregular
    • Withstands tension in any direction
    • Nonparallel fibers
    • Helps with structural
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Dense Connective Tissue Dense Regular Cartilage Blood Bone Credits
  • Cartilage
    • Connective tissue with properties between those of bone and dense connective tissue
    • Hyaline
    • Elastic
    • Fibrocartilage
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Dense Connective Tissue Hyaline Elastic Fibrocartilage Blood Bone Credits
  • Hyaline
    • Good for cushioning
    • Resists extreme amounts of compressive stress
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Loose Connective Tissue Dense Connective Tissue Cartilage Elastic Fibrocartilage Blood Bone Credits
  • Elastic
    • Extremely flexible
    • Can return to its original thought
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Loose Connective Tissue Dense Connective Tissue Cartilage Hyaline Fibrocartilage Credits
  • Fibrocartilage
    • Able to withstand tensile stress
    • Withstands compressive stress
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Loose Connective Tissue Dense Connective Tissue Cartilage Hyaline Elastic Bone Blood Credits
  • Bone
    • Well vascularized
    • Strong
    • Stiff
    • Frame of the body
    • Store minerals
    • Forms blood cells
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Loose Connective Tissue Dense Connective Tissue Cartilage Hyaline Elastic Fibrocartilage Blood Credits
  • Blood
    • Plasma
    • Red
    • White Blood Cells
    • Transports gases, and wastes
    • Contains fibers dissolved in solution
    Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Proper Loose Connective Tissue Dense Connective Tissue Cartilage Hyaline Elastic Fibrocartilage Bone Credits
  • Credits
    • Slide design by: Everett Staley
    • Voice by: Everett Staley
    • Simple squamous image from: http://biology.clc.uc.edu/fankhauser/Labs/Anatomy_&_Physiology/A&P201/Epithelium/simple_squamous_400x_PA021955md.JPG
    • Simple cuboidal image from: http://www.technion.ac.il/~mdcourse/274203/slides/Epithelium/2-Simple%20Cuboidal%20Epithelium%20A.jpg
    • Simple columnar image from: http://www.technion.ac.il/~mdcourse/274203/slides/Epithelium/3-Simple%20Cuboidal%20Epithelium%20B.jpg
    • Pseudostratified columnar image from: http://biodidac.bio.uottawa.ca/ftp/BIODIDAC/ZOO/HISTO/AMPHIBIA/19-13.GIF
    • Stratified squamous image from: http://cytochemistry.net/Cell-biology/Medical/25092.JPG
    • Stratified cuboidal image from: http://cytochemistry.net/Cell-biology/Medical/main.JPG
    • Transitional image from: http://erl.pathology.iupui.edu/HISTO/UNLABJPG/EPI_14U.JPG
    • Stratified columnar image from: http://www.texarkanacollege.edu/~mstorey/1407/stratified_columnar.jpg
    • Smooth muscle image: http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/t790/T790539A.jpg
    • Cardiac muscle image: http://virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us/randerson/Lynn's%20Bioslides/126.jpg
    • Nervous tissue image: http://washington.uwc.edu/about/faculty/schaefer_w/TISSUES/nervous_tissue2.jpg
    • Hyaline cartilage and connective tissue images from: http://washington.uwc.edu/about/faculty/schaefer_w/TISSUES/hyaline_cartilage1.jpg
    • Areolar and loose connective image from: http://washington.uwc.edu/about/faculty/schaefer_w/TISSUES/areolar1.JPG
    • Adipose and connective tissue proper image from: http://www.deltagen.com/target/histologyatlas/atlas_files/musculoskeletal/adipose_tissue_white_40x.jpg
    • Reticular image from: http://www.unomaha.edu/hpa/images/reticular.jpg
    • Dense connective and dense regular image from: http://www3.umdnj.edu/histsweb/lab3/images/fdenseregular.jpg
    • Dense irregular image from: http://www.pathguy.com/histo/052.jpg
    • Elastic cartilage and cartilage image from: http://www.siumed.edu/~dking2/ssb/images/NM011b.jpg
    • Fibrocartilage image from: http://www.anatomy.uiowa.edu/genhisto/GHWIN/unit4/image/iv-21.jpg
    • Osseous (bone) tissue image from:http://www.cptc.ctc.edu/library/Bio%20118%20Lecture%20Notes%20Rev%200105_files/image043.jpg
    • Blood image from: http://www.cs.biu.ac.il/~louzouy/courses/mathbioseminar/red_blood_cell/blood2_files/Platel1.jpg