23 n 38

4,340 views
4,277 views

Published on

b

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,340
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
337
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

23 n 38

  1. 1. KAIZEN Whole Business Philosophy Prepared By :- Aditya Gupta Abhinav Singal
  2. 2. What is Kaizen <ul><li>“ Kai” means “change or modify” </li></ul><ul><li>“ zen” means “make good (make better)” </li></ul><ul><li>KAI + ZEN = Change for better </li></ul><ul><li>Kaizen was created in Japan following World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Example Toyota production system. </li></ul><ul><li>Change means incremental, orderly and continual improvement. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese way encourages small improvements day after day, continuously. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kaizen and Muda <ul><li>Kaizen aims to eliminate Muda (means waste). </li></ul>Waste <ul><li>Overproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Underproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Delays (waiting time) </li></ul><ul><li>Unnecessary movements </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation loss </li></ul><ul><li>Defective products </li></ul><ul><li>Misused resources </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  4. 4. More about Kaizen <ul><li>Kaizen is a daily activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Kaizen concentrates at improving each individual process rather than at achieving certain results. </li></ul><ul><li>Every Process (Design, production level to Management functions.) </li></ul><ul><li>Why Small scale improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Small-scale improvements are easier and faster. The risks are low because they generally have limited effect. However, the accumulated effect  is often greater than a single large improvement. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 5 main elements of Kaizen <ul><li>Teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>Use small teams to optimize individual process performance by implementing Incremental changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone contributes  CEO to assembly line workers, even an external stakeholder. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuality, active participation, growth attitude, strategically aligned. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Morale </li></ul><ul><li>Energized leaders with clear vision, clear communication, transparency, motivation, training & development. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 5 main elements of Kaizen <ul><li>Quality Control Circles </li></ul><ul><li>Employee participation program. A quality control circle consists of a group of employees (generally volunteers) who meet periodically to identify strengths and weaknesses in the production process. </li></ul><ul><li>They focus on cost, security & productivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions for improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Management should make every effort to help the workers provide suggestions. For example, Toyota is well-known as one of the leaders in using Kaizen. In 1999 at one U.S. plant, 7,000 Toyota employees submitted over 75,000 suggestions, of which 99% were implemented. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Kaizen Stages <ul><li>Establish a plan to change whatever needs to be improved. </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying out changes on a small scale </li></ul><ul><li>Observe the results </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate both the results and the process to understand the learning. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Applicability of Kaizen
  9. 9. Tools and techniques used….. <ul><li>Just-in-time </li></ul><ul><li>Five ‘S’ </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Circles </li></ul><ul><li>Zero defects </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Features at a glance Works well in slow-growth economy 9. Advantage Requires little investment but great efforts to maintain it. 8. Practical requirements Continual Improvement 7. Mode Collectivism, group efforts, systems approach 6. Approach Everybody 5. Involvement Gradual and constant 4. Change Continual and incremental 3. Timeframe Small steps 2. Pace Long-term and long-lasting 1. Effect KAIZEN
  11. 11. Immediate Benefits / Results <ul><li>Kaizen Reduces Waste in areas such as inventory, waiting times, transportation, employee skills, overproduction etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Kaizen Improves space utilization, product quality, use of capital, communications, production capacity and employee retention. </li></ul><ul><li>Kaizen Provides immediate results . Instead of focusing on large, capital intensive improvements, Kaizen focuses on creative investments that continually solve large numbers of small problems. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Thanks

×