Kinddoms Of Southeast Asia And Korea Presentation Transcript
Kingdoms of Southeast Asia E.G., T.P.,J.S.,R.H Ms. R égnier. Global 2H. Period 1 LaG High School
The Khmer Empire For centuries, the Khmer Empire was the main power on the Southeast Asia mainland. Funan, an early kingdom, dominated sea trade with China and India . Increased rice production made empire prosperous. They built irrigation channels and waterways that helped make it possible to have large amounts of crop 3-4 times per year. Angkor Wat is among the world’s greatest architectural achievements. It was built in honor and dedicated to Hindu god, Vishnu. Khmer rulers built complex city-and-temples. R.H.
Sea Trading Kingdoms A dynasty called, Sailendra ruled an agricultural kingdom in Java. Sailendra created a great monument, the Buddhist temple at Borobudur. The Sailendra Dynasty eventually fell under power of Srivijaya. Srivijaya ruled the Strait of Malacca and other waters around the islands of Sumatra, Borneo and Java. The empire grew powerful because they taxed the trade that passed through their waters. R.H.
Geography of Korea Geography of Korea -Korea is located on a peninsula jutting into the ocean from the Asian mainland. -About the same size as Utah. -Hot in the summer, extreme cold in the winter. -Mountainous, with very little land available to farm on. -Mountainous barriers between Korea and Manchuria. J.S.
VIETNAM -Least influenced by India in Southeast Asia. -100 B.C: Northern Vietnam is taken over by China’s Han Dynasty. This continued for 1000 years. -Vietnam breaks away in 939. -Borrowed Buddhism from Chinese, but ultimately stayed independent in traditions. -Ly Dynasty (1009-1225) establishes capital at Hanoi on Red River Delta. -Mongols try to conquer Vietnam but was fought off three times. J.S.
In early Korea different tribes or clans had control over different parts of the country.
In 108 B.C., the Han empire invaded Korea and established a military government as well as influencing Chinese customs:
-Centralized government - Religious Beliefs (Confucianism, Buddhism) -Writing THALIA PIGNANELLI
As the tribes became more and more powerful, three rival kingdoms emerged:
Eventually Silla became the most authoritative and chased out the Chinese, gaining control over the whole Korean peninsula.
This name emanated from one of the kingdoms, Koguryo, and the origin of the modern name Korea.
The Koryu Dynasty
By the tenth century, a new dynasty came into power. As the Silla rule had weakened, a rebel officer named Wang Kon fought for control and was crowned king, naming his new dynasty Koryu .
Geographically, Korea is midway between China and Japan. Korea became the crossroad for Chinese and Japanese influence.
Pottery, and ting-type porcelain were similar to those of china, and yet bares a Japanese name, mishima ; used for the specific decorations these pieces of art had.
Aside from establishing a centralized government, it also established a Confucian civil service examination system and a university to train male scholars.
Early Korean society had an immense difference between the nobles and the common folk. This is why for the civil examinations it was easier for the son of a noble to be accepted, holding the best positions. Eventually these positions became hereditary.
As rebellions increased because of ongoing corruption, the Mongols overtook Korea and demanded an exclusive tribute. Later on in the 1350s Mongol occupation collapsed.
As problems increased more and more, Korean officials took over and a new dynasty, the Yi Dynasty had control over Korea.
T.P. The Koryu Dynasty
Since many Koreans were Buddhist, they painstakingly carved thousands of large wooden blocks to copy the entire collection of Buddhist Scriptures.
One of the great achievements in Korean culture aside from celadon pottery was fine poetry. Writers and scholars also wrote the first national history of Korea.
Eventually they re-created them since the Mongols destroyed their sacred scriptures during their reign. They still remain intact in Korea today.