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Chaucer Timeline


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chaucer timeline

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  • 1. Timeline
    Chaucer’s Medieval England History
  • 2. 1327
    Edward III is brought to power.
  • 3. 1330
    Edward III assumes royal authority.
  • 4. 1339
    Edward II invades France, beginning the Hundred Years War.
  • 5. 1340
    English naval victory at Sluys.
  • 6. 1342
    Birth of Chaucer
  • 7. 1346
    Battle of Crecy, France. English archers soundly defeat Scottish invasion force.
  • 8. 1347
    Truce between England and France. Plague arrives in Italy.
  • 9. 1348
    Plague reaches Italy.
  • 10. 1351
    Parliament passes the Statue of Laborers to keep down wages.
  • 11. 1353
    Boccaccio’s Decameron.
  • 12. 1356
    Battle of Poitiers, France.
  • 13. 1360
    Treaty of Bretigny ends the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.
  • 14. 1361
    Outbreak of Plague
  • 15. 1362
    First version of Piers Plowman, the first major literary work to be written in English since the Norman Conquest.
  • 16. 1367
    Edward Prince of Wales leads an expedition to Spain in aid of Pedro the Cruel, the deposed King of Castile.
  • 17. 1369
    Outbreak of the plague. Hostilities resume in the Hundred Years’ War.
  • 18. 1375
    Outbreak of Plague.
  • 19. 1376
    Death of the Prince of Wales. Parliament impeaches royal servants belonging to the faction of John of Gaunt, the king’s fourth son.
  • 20. 1377
    Death of Edward III, accession of his grandson Richard II, still only 11 years of age. Poll Tax levied.
  • 21. 1378
    Pope Gregory XI dies. The French-dominated College of Cardinals is intimidated by the Roman mob into electing an Italian as Pope, Urban VI. Urban antagonizes the cardinals, who declare him deposed, and elect a Frenchman, Clement VII. Clement moves to Avignon, but Urban remains as Pope in Rome. England, as well as the countries of Scandinavia, Germany, and northern Italy, support the Roman Pope; France, Scotland, Naples, Sicily, and the kingdoms of Spain follow the Pope of Avignon. This schism is not healed until the fifteenth century.
  • 22. 1380
    Peasants’ Revolt
  • 23. 1382
    Richard II marries Anne of Bohemia. John Wycliffe and his Lollard followers complete the first full English translation of the Bible.
  • 24. 1384
    Death of Wycliffe.
  • 25. 1385
    Richard II and his uncle, John of Gaunt, undertake a fruitless military campaign in Scotland.
  • 26. 1386
    John of Gaunt leads an expensive and unsuccessful expedition to Spain in an effort to win the crown of Castile, which he claims by right of his second wife. Chaucer produces the first sections of the Canterbury Tales.
  • 27. 1388
    Scottish victory at Otterburn. Parliament impeaches several of the king’s favorites.
  • 28. 1389
    Richard II reaches the age of majority and assumes the functions of government in person. Boniface IX becomes Pope at Rome.
  • 29. 1390
    Outbreak of Plague.
  • 30. 1394
    Richard II campaigns in Ireland. Death of Queen Anne.
  • 31. 1396
    Richard II marries Isabella of France.
  • 32. 1399
    Death of John of Gaunt. Richard II is deposed by Henry of Bolingbroke (Guant’s son), who becomes King Henry IV.
  • 33. 1400
    Death of Richard II. Death of Chaucer. Outbreak of plague.