1339 Edward II invades France, beginning the Hundred Years War.
1340 English naval victory at Sluys.
1342 Birth of Chaucer
1346 Battle of Crecy, France. English archers soundly defeat Scottish invasion force.
1347 Truce between England and France. Plague arrives in Italy.
1348 Plague reaches Italy.
1351 Parliament passes the Statue of Laborers to keep down wages.
1353 Boccaccio’s Decameron.
1356 Battle of Poitiers, France.
1360 Treaty of Bretigny ends the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.
1361 Outbreak of Plague
1362 First version of Piers Plowman, the first major literary work to be written in English since the Norman Conquest.
1367 Edward Prince of Wales leads an expedition to Spain in aid of Pedro the Cruel, the deposed King of Castile.
1369 Outbreak of the plague. Hostilities resume in the Hundred Years’ War.
1375 Outbreak of Plague.
1376 Death of the Prince of Wales. Parliament impeaches royal servants belonging to the faction of John of Gaunt, the king’s fourth son.
1377 Death of Edward III, accession of his grandson Richard II, still only 11 years of age. Poll Tax levied.
1378 Pope Gregory XI dies. The French-dominated College of Cardinals is intimidated by the Roman mob into electing an Italian as Pope, Urban VI. Urban antagonizes the cardinals, who declare him deposed, and elect a Frenchman, Clement VII. Clement moves to Avignon, but Urban remains as Pope in Rome. England, as well as the countries of Scandinavia, Germany, and northern Italy, support the Roman Pope; France, Scotland, Naples, Sicily, and the kingdoms of Spain follow the Pope of Avignon. This schism is not healed until the fifteenth century.
1380 Peasants’ Revolt
1382 Richard II marries Anne of Bohemia. John Wycliffe and his Lollard followers complete the first full English translation of the Bible.
1384 Death of Wycliffe.
1385 Richard II and his uncle, John of Gaunt, undertake a fruitless military campaign in Scotland.
1386 John of Gaunt leads an expensive and unsuccessful expedition to Spain in an effort to win the crown of Castile, which he claims by right of his second wife. Chaucer produces the first sections of the Canterbury Tales.
1388 Scottish victory at Otterburn. Parliament impeaches several of the king’s favorites.
1389 Richard II reaches the age of majority and assumes the functions of government in person. Boniface IX becomes Pope at Rome.
1390 Outbreak of Plague.
1394 Richard II campaigns in Ireland. Death of Queen Anne.
1396 Richard II marries Isabella of France.
1399 Death of John of Gaunt. Richard II is deposed by Henry of Bolingbroke (Guant’s son), who becomes King Henry IV.
1400 Death of Richard II. Death of Chaucer. Outbreak of plague.