1376 Death of the Prince of Wales. Parliament impeaches royal servants belonging to the faction of John of Gaunt, the king’s fourth son.
1377 Death of Edward III, accession of his grandson Richard II, still only 11 years of age. Poll Tax levied.
1378 Pope Gregory XI dies. The French-dominated College of Cardinals is intimidated by the Roman mob into electing an Italian as Pope, Urban VI. Urban antagonizes the cardinals, who declare him deposed, and elect a Frenchman, Clement VII. Clement moves to Avignon, but Urban remains as Pope in Rome. England, as well as the countries of Scandinavia, Germany, and northern Italy, support the Roman Pope; France, Scotland, Naples, Sicily, and the kingdoms of Spain follow the Pope of Avignon. This schism is not healed until the fifteenth century.
1385 Richard II and his uncle, John of Gaunt, undertake a fruitless military campaign in Scotland.
1386 John of Gaunt leads an expensive and unsuccessful expedition to Spain in an effort to win the crown of Castile, which he claims by right of his second wife. Chaucer produces the first sections of the Canterbury Tales.
1388 Scottish victory at Otterburn. Parliament impeaches several of the king’s favorites.
1389 Richard II reaches the age of majority and assumes the functions of government in person. Boniface IX becomes Pope at Rome.