Future Of Internet Presentation

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Future Of Internet Presentation

  1. 1. The Future Of The Internet: AND HOW TO STOP IT By James Donner
  2. 2. What Is This Book About? <ul><li>A book by Jonathan Zittrain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It looks at the social and ethical issues associated with technological devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As well as posing questions over who controls the internet </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Open System
  4. 4. Closed systems
  5. 5. Tethered Appliances <ul><li>Items in control by the manufacturer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tivo box firmware updates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can gain or lose functionality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Echostar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xbox interface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It used to be “once a toaster, always a toaster” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to be changed by manufacturer” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now manufacturers can revise devices and increase functionality </li></ul>
  6. 6. Exploiting Technology <ul><li>OnStar </li></ul><ul><li>In car service running on an audio interface </li></ul><ul><li>Used in GM vehicles throughout the USA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The microphone could be used to spy on you and record conversations </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Case Study- EchoStar <ul><li>In 1998, Tivo was introduced </li></ul><ul><li>A rival company, Echostar had infringed on their copyrights over DVR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tivo were awarded $90 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DVR was disabled on all Echostar boxes over the air </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. ITGS Social & Ethical Issues
  9. 9. IT Systems <ul><li>Relates to Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The issues associated with the internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PCs and electronics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The software inside these devices </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Privacy & Anonymity <ul><li>Whatever we do on the internet will be stored </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no such thing as privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Youtube cases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can effect us in real life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese video “Bus Uncle” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yelled at a person who told him to speak more quietly on his mobile phone </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Victim of a targeted attack </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video of Bus incident viewed over 2 million times </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Control <ul><li>Who should have control over electrical devices? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should it be the consumer or the manufacturer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who should control the internet? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The people? (Wikipedia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The government? (China) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporations? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Security <ul><li>Viruses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread from PCs, Mobile phones, other open devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Viruses only grow daily </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should we trust the manufacturer to make decisions for us? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or should the manufacturer trust us to make decisions for ourselves? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. How To Stop It
  14. 14. Some Ways we can prevent its’ future <ul><li>Close or tighten it (Not a very good idea) </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Machines (Red & Green) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Red for work, Green for play </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scarcity (caps on broadband) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People will browse less recklessly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wiki Codes (Collaboration) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More people could share the responsbility of security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal Blame On Product Maker (Software) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Would make more secure software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Warnings (“This Site May Harm Your Computer”) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Strategies <ul><li>Portability of data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg: when a photo is taken and instantly published, we can still maintain ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Net Neutrality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal access to the internet, no restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintaining Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Changing Code Policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone suspecting infringement must sue within a year of discovering code </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. To Conclude <ul><li>It’s not the internet itself Zittrain is worried about </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s the way it is headed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The privacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The security </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Zittrain is calling for a change in the way the internet works. </li></ul>

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