WHAT CAUSED THE CIVIL WAR By: Dallas Hull, Dakota Hull, and Brianna Winton
The Missouri Compromise/ The Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>In 1850 when California was ready to become a state. The Missouri Compromise had caused a problem. For California went right through the imaginary line of 36’30 N’. So Congress had came up with the Compromise of 1850. Which stated 5 important details that would change the United States. </li></ul>
The Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>1) California would become a free state. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Northern territories would stay free. </li></ul><ul><li>3) New Mexico Territories would be open to slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>4) The dispute between New Mexico and Texas would end favoring Texas. </li></ul><ul><li>5) The slave trade in Washington D.C. would end. </li></ul><ul><li>6) Congress would pass a strict fugitive slave law. </li></ul>
The Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Congress granted Kansas’ request to let the people decide whether Kansas would become a free or slave state. When word got around people from all over the country decided to move to Kansas to become part of the vote. When anti and proslavery people came to Kansas’ people did not always have the same agreement on the topic of slavery and they started to kill one another. Kansas had later gotten the nickname of “Bleeding Kansas”. But in the end Kansas had become a slave state. </li></ul>
John Brown <ul><li>John Brown was an anti-slavery abolitionist that had moved to Kansas to become part of the Kansas-Nebraska Act that had the people who lived in Kansas decide whether Kansas should become a slave or free state. But one night him and his 3 sons, had gone down to Pottawatomie Creek and killed as many owners of slaves as they could. He then went into hiding and later attacked Harpers Ferry. </li></ul>
Harpers Ferry <ul><li>In Harpers Ferry, John Brown had decided to attack the gun armory, and get all the guns and give them to slaves to start a big revolt. But what he didn’t know was that the army was near by and decided to come back and put an end to this attack that John Brown had cause. He was then caught and sentenced to death. For the murder of the people he killed in Kansas. </li></ul>
The Dredd Scott Case <ul><li>In the Dredd Scott case, Dredd Scott’s owner had died and he wanted his freedom and went to court. Because no one knew what to do they went all the way to the supreme court. They threw out his case and told him the government can not pass a law taking away a persons property nor can property file a court order to get his or hers freedom. </li></ul>
“ Uncle Tom’s Cabin” <ul><li>“ Uncle Tom’s Cabin” was written by Harriett Beecher Stowe about a slave who had a nice owner. Then the owner died and Uncle Tom was then given a mean, nasty owner that beat him, and made him work to the bone. This captured millions of people, and made many people think that slavery was wrong. Even though she had never seen a slave in her entire life. This book had became the #1 best seller. </li></ul>
The Election of 1860 <ul><li>In the Election of 1860, the south realized that there votes did not count because there was not enough people. This mad all the people mad and the north was happy that Lincoln had won, instead of the others who had either been for or against slavery. </li></ul>
Secession <ul><li>After the Election, South Carolina was the first to secede followed by ten other states that formed the Confederate States of America. They Elected there own president, Jefferson Davis, and kicked all the officials that worked for Lincoln out. Everyone had left except for Fort Sumter, which was the final straw of the Civil War. </li></ul>
Fort Sumter <ul><li>When the states had seceded from the Union, Jefferson Davis had ordered his men to kick out all the officials that were under Lincoln. Which included Fort Sumter. When they stayed, Davis had attacked the fort and then kicked all the people out. When Lincoln heard he then started an army and perpared for war. </li></ul>
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