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  • 1. Vertebrates Grade …. Name Date
  • 2. Table of Contents
    • Vertebrates
    • Mammals
    • Birds
    • Fish
    • Reptiles
    • Amphibians
    • Questions
    • References
    Next Back
  • 3. What are Vertebrates?
    • Animals
    • Have a vertebral column
    • Have a bony skeleton
    • Can be cold-blooded or warm-blooded
    • They are of 5 types:
    Next Back Reptiles Amphibians Fish Birds Mammals
  • 4. Mammals (1)
    • There are about 5,ooo species of living mammals.
    • Mammals are animals that have:
    • Hair
    • 3 middle ear bones
    • Mammary glands
    • Biggest brains out of all the animals
    • Lungs
    Next Back
  • 5. Mammals (2)
    • Nourish the young with milk
    • Can live in water or on land
    • Are warm-blooded
    • Can survive in sub-zero temperatures and hot climates
    • Most are born live
    • Examples: cows, horses, cats etc.
    Next Back
  • 6. Birds (1)
    • Have wings and feathers
    • The 2 wings are the front limbs and are used for flying
    • They do not have teeth
    • Have beaks
    • Have hollow bones
    • Have a special way of breathing
    • Have a very strong heart
    • Some cannot fly (example Ostrich)
    Next Back
  • 7. Birds (2)
    • Eat a lot for flight
    • Live on land
    • Are warm-blooded
    • Can survive in sub-zero temperatures
    • Build nests for breeding
    • The largest bird is the Ostrich
    • The most common bird is the Red Jungle fowl
    • Birds eat bugs, grains, worms etc.
    Next Back
  • 8. Fish
    • Live in oceans, ponds, lakes, and rivers
    • Breathe through their gills
    • Swim with their fins
    • Have scales on their bodies
    • They lay eggs
    • They are cold-blooded
    • The disadvantage is that when it is hot they have to find a cooler place and when it is cold, their activity slows down
    Next Back
  • 9. Reptiles
    • Most live on land and some live in water
    • They breathe through their lungs
    • They are cold-blooded
    • They crawl in a wavy motion
    • They lay their eggs on land
    • They do not sit on eggs for incubation
    • They shed their skin
    • Most have scales on their body
    Next Back
  • 10. Amphibians (1)
    • Most have 4 limbs
    • They have smooth skin
    • They live in water when they are young (i.e. they have gills)
    • They are cold-blooded
    • They live on land when they are adults (i.e. they have lungs)
    • Lay their jelly-covered eggs in water
    Next Back
  • 11. Amphibians (2)
    • Have webbed feet to swim better
    • Caecilians look like earth worms
    • Frogs and toads have 4 legs
    • 2 legs are used for jumping
    • Salamanders have tails and legs
    • Salamanders have smooth, moist skin
    Next Back
  • 12. Question (1)
    • Why are mammals considered as vertebrates?
    Next Back Because they are animals, they have a vertebral column, they have a bony skeleton, and they are warm-blooded.
  • 13. Question (2) Next Back Circle the correct answer :
    • Fish :
    • Have a constant body temperature
    • Lay eggs
    • Shed their skin
    • Have the biggest brains
  • 14. Question (3) Next Back Three types of amphibians are: Frogs and toads, salamanders, and caecilians.
  • 15. Question (4) Next Back Put the correct label on top of each picture. Amphibian Mammal Bird Reptile Fish Reptile Amphibian Fish Bird Mammal
  • 16. Question (5) Next Back What is the largest bird ? The Ostrich is the largest bird.
  • 17. References (1)
    • All about Birds . (n. d.). Retrieved April 21, 2004, from http://www.zoomschool.com/subjects/birds.html
    • Animal Groups . (2003). Retrieved March 28, 2004, from
    • http:// www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0768613.html
    • Animal Groups. (2003). Retrieved April 21, 2004, from
    • http:// www.saskschools.ca/~gregory/animals/amphib.html
    • Animal Index-Vertebrates . (2004). Retrieved March 28, 2004, from http:// www.kidport.com/RefLib/Science/Animals/Animals.html
    • Bird . (n. d.) Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.atlantisenterprisesltd.com
    • Bird . (n. d.) Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.dfustate.or.us/springfield/birdycoloring.html
    • Bird . (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.ck/aramoana/aramoeng. html
    Next Back
  • 18. References (2)
    • Cow . (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http:// www.wingsofthedsagon.com/miscgallery
    • Crocodile . (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.sciencemore.com/scipe.html
    • Cow . (n. d.) Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.4reference.net/encyclopedias/wikipedia/Cow.html
    • El Hajj, J. (2002). Sciences for Life . Sin-El-Fil, Lebanon: Lebanese Publishers Company.
    • Fish. ( n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.it.bond.edu.au/inft140/lecture06/lec6.html
    • Fish. (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.auburn.wednet.edu/Curriculum/whataday.html
    • Frog face . (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http:// www.art_licensing.com /.../Bragg%20gallery_4.html
    Next Back
  • 19. References (3)
    • Frog. (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.mcpasso.k12.wi.us/˜kms/Web_Clip_Art/pages/Frog.html
    • Gifs . (n. d.). Retrieved May 10, 2004, from http://www.animations.com
    • Gray Whale . (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http:// www.exzooberance.com /.../gray%20whale/gray%20whale.html
    • Horse Collar on Horse . (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http:// www.magnopulse.com/magnetic_horse_collar.html
    • Lizard . (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.Hlg.com/luxetumbra/index2.html
    • Lizard . (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.alanmarkcorcoran.com/travil.html
    • Ramel, G. (2004). The Amazing World of Birds . Retrieved April 21, 2004, from http:// www.earthlife.net/birds/intro.html
    Next Back
  • 20. References (4)
    • Salamander. (n. d.) Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http:// www.livejournal.com/community/furartxchange.html
    • The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language . (1991). New York: Lexicon Publications, Inc.
    • The World of Vertebrates and Invertebrates . (n. d.). Retrieved March 28, 2004, from http:// www.students.dsu.edu/birkela/Science/WEBQUEST.html
    • Three Horse Painting. (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http://www.alove4horses.com/calendar12.html
    • Vertebrates and Invertebrates . (n. d.). Retrieved March 28, 2004, from http://www.filebox.vt.edu/users/rburcham/edweb/project/in-vertebrates.html
    • Whale. (n. d.). Retrieved May 21, 2004, from http:// www.syix.com/adsy/linda/jonathan/coloring/index.html
    Next Back