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Exam 1 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. BUSINESS LAW
    • RAYMOND J. RAUSCH
  • 2. INTRODUCTION TO LAW
    • I. SOURCES OF LAW
    • A. CONSTITUTIONS
    • B. STATUTES AND ORDINANCES
    • C. CASE LAW
  • 3.
    • JUSTICE POWELL
  • 4.
    • D. ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCY REG
    • E. COMMON LAW
    • II. COMMERCIAL LAW
    • A. INTRODUCTION
    • B. NATIONAL CONFERENCE
    • C. UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE
    INTRODUCTION TO LAW SOURCES OF LAW
  • 5.
    • III. CLASSIFICATIONS OF LAW
    • A. SUBSTANTIVE vs. PROCEDURAL
    • B. PUBLIC vs. PRIVATE
    • C. CIVIL vs. CRIMINAL
    • D. REMEDIES IN LAW
    • AND EQUITY
    INTRODUCTION TO LAW
  • 6. COURTS & PROCEDURES
    • I. JURISDICTION AND VENUE
    • A. SUBJECT MATTER
    • B. PERSONAL OR PROPERTY
    • C. ORIGINAL/APPEALS
    • D. VENUE
  • 7.
    • II. STATE COURT SYSTEM
    • A. INFERIOR TRIAL COURTS
    • B. GENERAL TRIAL COURTS
    • C. APPELLATE COURTS
    • D. SUPREME COURT
    COURTS & PROCEDURES
  • 8.
    • III. FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM
    • A. JURISDICTION
    • 1. FEDERAL QUESTION
    • 2. DIVERSITY OF
    • CITIZENSHIP
    COURTS & PROCEDURES
  • 9.
    • B. TYPES OF COURTS
    • 1. SPECIALIZED COURTS
    • 2. DISTRICT COURTS
    • 3. APPELLATE COURTS
    • 4. U.S. SUPREME COURT
    COURTS & PROCEDURES FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • IV. JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
    • A. SUMMONS AND COMPLAINT
    • B. SERVE SUMMONS & COMPLAINT
    • C. DEFENDANT’S RESPONSE
    • 1. ANSWER
    • 2. COUNTERCLAIM
    • 3. CROSS COMPLAINT
    • 4. AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE
    COURTS & PROCEDURES
  • 12.
    • D. PRETRIAL HEARING
    • 1. TRY TO SETTLE
    • 2. SCHEDULING ORDER
    • E. MOTIONS
    • 1. MOTION TO DISMISS
    • 2. SUMMARY JUDGMENT MOTION
    COURTS & PROCEDURES JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
  • 13.
    • F. DISCOVERY
    • 1. DEPOSITIONS
    • 2. INTERROGATORIES
    • 3. DEMAND TO PRODUCE
    • DOCUMENTS
    • 4. REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION
    COURTS & PROCEDURES JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
  • 14.
    • G. TRIAL
    • 1. OPENING STATEMENT
    • 2. PLAINTIFF’S CASE
    • 3. MOTION FOR A DIRECTED
    • VERDICT
    • 4. DEFENDANT’S CASE
    • 5. REBUTTAL
    COURTS & PROCEDURES JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
  • 15.
    • 6. REJOINDER
    • 7. CLOSING AGRUMENTS
    • 8. DECISION
    • 9. MOTIONS FOR A NEW TRIAL
    • 10. APPEAL
    COURTS & PROCEDURES JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
  • 16. TORTS
    • I. ELEMENT
    • A. INJURY
    • 1. INJURY TO PERSON
    • 2. INJURY TO PROPERTY
    • B. CAUSATION
    • 1. FACTUAL CAUSATION
    • 2. PROXIMATE CAUSATION
  • 17.
    • C. BREACH OF A DUTY OF CARE
      • 1. IS THERE A DUTY OF
    • CARE?
      • 2. WAS THERE A BREACH OF
      • THAT DUTY?
    TORTS ELEMENT
  • 18.
    • II. KINDS OF TORTS
    • A. INTENTIONAL TORTS
    • 1. INTENTIONAL TORTS
    • AGAINST PERSONS
    • a. BATTERY
    • b. ASSAULT
    • c. FRAUD
    TORTS
  • 19.
    • d. DEFAMATION OF
    • CHARACTER
    • i. SLANDER
    • ii. LIBEL
    • e. DISPARAGEMENT
    KINDS OF TORTS TORTS
  • 20.  
  • 21.
    • 2. INTENTIONAL TORTS
    • AGAINST PROPERTY
    • a. TRESPASS TO LAND
    • b. TRESPASS TO
    • PERSONAL PROPERTY
    • c. CONVERSION
    • d. NUISANCE
    TORTS KINDS OF TORTS
  • 22.
    • 3. BUSINESS TORTS
    • a. COPYRIGHT OR
    • TRADEMARK
    • INFRINGEMENT
    • b. INTERFERENCE
    • WITH CONTRACTUAL
    • RELATIONS
    TORTS KINDS OF TORTS
  • 23.
    • B. NEGLIGENCE
    • 1. TEST FOR NEGLIGENCE
    • 2. JOINT AND SEVERAL
    • LIABILITY
    • 3. CONTRIBUTORY
    • NEGLIGENCE
    TORTS KINDS OF TORTS
  • 24.
    • 4. COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE
    • a. PLAINTIFF’S AWARD IS
    • REDUCED BY THE
    • PLAINTIFF’S PERCENT
    • OF NEGLIGENCE
    • b. TO WIN ANYTHING, THE
    • PLAINTIFF’S PERCENT
    • OF NEGLIGENCE MUST BE
    • EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN
    • THE DEFENDANT’S
    TORTS KINDS OF TORTS
  • 25.
    • c. PLAINTIFF - STUDENT
    • d. DEFENDANT’S
      • i. MANUFACTURER
    • ii. CONTRACTOR
    • iii. FRATERNITY
    • iv. FOUNDATION
    TORTS KINDS OF TORTS
  • 26.
    • 5. MEMBERS
    • a. LIVED IN HOUSE - AT PARTY
    • b. LIVED IN HOUSE - NOT
    • AT PARTY
    • c. DID NOT LIVE IN HOUSE - AT
    • PARTY
    • d. DID NOT LIVE IN HOUSE -
    • NOT AT PARTY
    TORTS KINDS OF TORTS
  • 27.
    • PLAINTIFF:
    • STUDENT 34%
    • DEFENDANT’S:
    • 1. MANUFACTURER 27%
    • 2. CONTRACTOR 12%
    • 3. FRATERNITY 10%
    • 4. FOUNDATION 5%
    • 5. MEMBERS -
    • A. 4%
    • B. 4%
    • C. 4%
    • D. 0%
    TORTS
  • 28.
    • PLAINTIFF:
    • PASSENGER
    • DEFENDANTS:
    • A. TRUCK DRIVER
    • B. DRIVER OF CAR
    • C. GENERAL MOTORS
    TORTS
  • 29.
    • PLAINTIFF:
    • PASSENGER 24.1%
    • DEFENDANTS:
    • A. TRUCK DRIVER 11.4%
    • B. DRIVER OF CAR 40.6%
    • C. GENERAL MOTORS 23.9%
    TORTS
  • 30.
    • DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000
    • PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S
    • NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE
    • 49% DEFENDANT A: 51%
    HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE? Example 1: TORTS
  • 31. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 49% DEFENDANT A: 51% $ 510.00 Example 1: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE?
  • 32. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 50% DEFENDANT A: 50% Example 2: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE?
  • 33. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 50% DEFENDANT A: 50% Example 2: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE? $ 500.00
  • 34. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 51% DEFENDANT A: 49% Example 3: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE?
  • 35. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 51% DEFENDANT A: 49% Example 3: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE? $ 0.00
  • 36. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 20% DEFENDANT A: 40% DEFENDANT B: 40% Example 4: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE?
  • 37. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 20% DEFENDANT A: 40% DEFENDANT B: 40% Example 4: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE? $ 800.00
  • 38. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 30% DEFENDANT A: 30% DEFENDANT B: 40% Example 5: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE?
  • 39. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 30% DEFENDANT A: 30% DEFENDANT B: 40% Example 5: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE? $ 700.00
  • 40. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 20% DEFENDANT A: 10% DEFENDANT B: 70% Example 6: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE?
  • 41. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 20% DEFENDANT A: 10% DEFENDANT B: 70% Example 6: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE? $ 800.00
  • 42. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 10% DEFENDANT A: 20% DEFENDANT B: 70% Example 7: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE?
  • 43. DAMAGES ARE FOUND TO BE $1,000 PLAINTIFF’S DEFENDANT’S NEGLIGENCE NEGLIGENCE 10% DEFENDANT A: 20% DEFENDANT B: 70% Example 7: TORTS HOW MUCH MONEY DOES THE PLAINTIFF RECEIVE? $ 900.00
  • 44.
    • C. STRICT LIABILITY
    • 1. USE OF HIGH EXPLOSIVES
    • 2. WILD ANIMALS
    • 3. PRODUCT LIABILITY
    TORTS KINDS OF TORTS
  • 45. CONTRACTS
    • I. DEFINITION
    • II. TYPES OF CONTRACTS
    • A. EXPRESS vs. IMPLIED
    • B. BILATERAL vs. UNILATERAL
    • C. FORMAL vs. INFORMAL
    • D. QUASI-CONTRACTS
  • 46.
    • E. EXECUTED vs. EXECUTORY
    • F. VALID, VOID, VOIDABLE &
    • UNENFORCEABLE
    • G. STANDARDIZED CONTRACTS
    CONTRACTS TYPES OF CONTRACTS
  • 47.
    • AGREEMENT: OFFER
    • I. ELEMENTS - OFFER
    • A. INTENTION
    • B. DEFINITENESS
    • C. COMMUNICATION
    CONTRACTS
  • 48.
    • II. TERMINATION OF THE OFFER
    • A. BY OPERATION OF LAW
    • 1. LAPSE OF TIME
    • 2. DISTRUCTION OF THE
    • SUBJECT MATTER
    • 3. DEATH OR INCOMPETENCE
    CONTRACTS
  • 49.
    • B. BY ACTION OF THE PARTIES
    • 1. REVOCATION
    • a. OPTION CONTRACTS
    • b. FIRM OFFERS, PERSONAL
    • PROPERTY, UCC
    • c. UNILATERIAL CONTRACTS
    • 2. REJECTION
    • 3. COUNTER OFFER
    CONTRACTS TERMINATION OF THE OFFER
  • 50.
    • AGREEMENT: ACCEPTANCE
    • I. GENERAL
    • A. UNEQUIVOCAL
    • B. SILENCE AS ACCEPTANCE
    CONTRACTS
  • 51.  
  • 52.
    • C. WHEN DOES AN ACCEPTANCE
    • BECOME EFFECTIVE?
    • 1. IF A SPECIAL MEANS OF
    • COMMUNICATION IS SPECIFIED
    • 2. IF NO SPECIAL MEANS OF
    • COMMUNICATION IS SPECIFIED;
    • OTHERWISE, EFFECTIVE UPON
    • RECEIPT IF SPECIFIED IN OFFER.
    • EXCEPTION: Where there is a rejection followed by
    • an acceptance.
    CONTRACTS GENERAL
  • 53. CONSIDERATION
    • I. REQUIREMENTS
    • A. MUST BE LEGALLY SUFFICIENT
    • B. ADEQUACY OF CONSIDERATION
    • SUBJECTIVE; SMALL AMOUNT
    • $1.00.
    CONTRACTS
  • 54.
    • II. CONSIDERATION NOT PRESENT
    • A . PAST CONSIDERATION
    • B. PERFORMING A PRE-EXISTING
    • DUTY
    CONTRACTS
  • 55.
    • III. PROMISES ENFORCEABLE WITHOUT CONSIDERATION
    • A. PROMISSORY ESTOPPEL: When
    • the person making the promise can
    • reasonably expect the other person
    • to rely on it and the only way to avoid
    • injustice is to enforce the contract.
    • B. QUASI CONTRACT
    • C. CHARITABLE SUBSCRIPTIONS
    CONTRACTS
  • 56. EXAM GRADES
    • 100 -1 68- 9
    • 98 - 0 65- 6
    • 95- 0 63- 6 C-
    • 93- 6 60- 9
    • 90- 6 A 58- 4 D+
    • 88- 5 A- 55- 4 D
    • 85- 6 53- 4 D-
    • 83- 8 B+ 50- 0 F
    • 80- 4 48- 2
    • 78- 10 45- 1
    • 75- 9 B- 43- 1
    • 73- 9 40- 0
    • 70- 7 38- 0 35- 0
    • 33- 0