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Animal nutrition

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  • 1. Animal nutrition
    (animals eat too!!)
  • 2. Nutrition
    The process which animals consume and utilize food.
    Feed efficiency= rate of gain
    To insure proper nutrition the feed must also have proper nutrients to support the life processes of the animal.
    The diet must also provide a balanced ration
    Balanced ration- Total amount of feed an animal gets in a 24-hour period
  • 3. 6 Essential nutrients
  • 4. Importance
    Needed to insure life
    Provide lots of energy
    Without all 6:
    problems in reproduction, lactation, body mass, and maturity can occur
  • 5. water
    THIS IS SUPER IMPORTANT to EVERY diet!
    Helps dissolve and carry nutrients the animal eats
    Helps control body temperature
    Helps chemical reactions take place
    Animal bodies are made up of 40%-80% of water
  • 6. carbohydrates
    Provide ENERGY for body cells which powers muscular movements like heartbeat, walking, breathing, and digestive contractions.
    Produce the body heat to keep the animal warm.
    Extra carbs are stored in the body as fat
    Simple Carbs= sugars and starches (easily digested)
    Complex Carbs= cellulose and fiber (more difficult to digest)
  • 7. Lipids and fats
    Provide energy and body heat
    Carry the fat-soluble vitamins in the feed
    Has 2.5 times the energy value of carbs
    Easily digested by animals
    Comes from veggie and animal sources
    Feeds contain 1%-5% fat
  • 8. Protein
    Supply material to build body tissue
    Essential for fetal development
    Needed for hair, hooves, skin, internal organs, and muscles
    There are 10 amino acids essential for swine and 4 for poultry
    13 nonessential are needed by animals, but are synthesized in the body from other amino acids(ruminants)
    Monogastric have to get amino acids in their feed
  • 9. minerals
    Provide material for bone, teeth, and tissue growth
    Aid in muscular activity, reproduction, digestion, repair and formation of tissue, and release of energy for body heat
    Major minerals= those needed in large amounts
    Trace minerals= needed in small amounts
    Lack of minerals leads to deficiency
    All minerals are inorganic
  • 10. vitamins
    Aids in disease resistance
    Carries out body functions
    Fat soluble= vitamin A, D, E, K
    Water soluble= vitamin C, B
    *Needed only in very small amounts
    All vitamins are organic
  • 11. 5 different diets
  • 12. maintenance
    Keep em just the way they are
    Diet consists of high in carbs and fats, but low in protein, vitamins, and minerals
    Dogs and cats that are matured are usually on this diet
  • 13. Growth
    Increasing the size of muscles, organs, and bones
    Diet consists of protein, minerals, and vitamins
    Usually not matured animals are on this diet such as dairy heifers and weight gaining animals
  • 14. reproduction
    Breeding stage or when animal is pregnant
    Diet consists of vitamins, minerals, and protein
    Examples of animals on reproductive diet is any pregnant animal
  • 15. lactation
    Mammals with a baby (nursing)
    Diet consists of fats, proteins, calcium, and phosphorus
    Examples of animals lactating are those producing eggs and milk
  • 16. work
    Animals used for labor
    Diet consists of salt, water, carbs, minerals, vitamins
    Examples of these animals include a mule, donkey, or a horse