The Germans demanded lists of deportees for Treblinka from the Judenrat.
If they refused, Germans could select anyone in any fashion…
“ The Council faced problems of conscience and responsibility at the same time…There were two alternatives…Either to comply, announce the Gestapo order to the ghetto inhabitants; or openly sabotage the order by disregarding it. The Council felt that if it followed the first alternative, part of the ghetto might yet be rescued at least for a time. Should, however, the other alternative be chosen, heavy measures of persecution would follow against the entire ghetto, and possibly its immediate liquidation might result.”
Warsaw and Lodz housed 1/3 of the Polish Jews under Nazi control.
Lack of food a major problem.
Malnutrition and disease rampant.
“ The situation in the Jewish quarter is catastrophic. The corpses of those who have died of starvation lie in the streets. The death rate, 80% from malnutrition, has tripled since February. The only thing that is issued to the Jews is 1.5 lbs of bread per week…” Oberfeldkommandant , May 1941 Warsaw Jews dead from malnutrition and epidemic
SS squads received prisoners with clubs and whips on a platform when deportations arrived.
Willy Mätzig [a book-keeper and accountant] told them that “they were a resettlement transport, that they would be given a bath and that they would receive new clothes. They were also instructed to maintain quiet and discipline. They were told they would continue their journey the following day.”
Willi Mentz was assigned to supervise the Lazarett. His victims, those deemed sick by Hermann Michel, were seated together in front of a large, fiery mass grave. They were shot and pushed into the fires.
One of Mentz’s greatest killers was Paul Bredow, known by the Jews as “Gunman.” It is believed that he single-handedly murdered thousands of Jews. Similar mass grave at Bergen-Belson
Undressing Stations Franz Suchomel Healthy men and women were separated and then officers, such as Franz Suchomel , would make them undress and women’s hair was cut off. The victims’ clothes would be gathered and then, once naked, the groups would be led to their next destination.
The Tube A camouflaged, fenced-in path, known as the "tube," led from the Undressing Stations to the gas chamber entrance, located in the killing area. Victims were forced to run naked along this path to the gas chambers, deceptively labeled as showers.
Gas Chambers Heinrich Matthes was the chief officer of Camp II and the Gas Chambers. He had his Sonderkomando convince the victims to enter the “shower area,” the chamber doors were sealed, and an engine installed outside the building pumped carbon monoxide into the gas chambers, killing everyone inside.
Destruction of the corpses Herbert Floss was the cremation expert for the Aktion Reinhard. He was commander of camp II in Treblinka. “ The cremation took place in such a way that railway lines and concrete blocks were placed together. The corpses were piled on these rails. Brushwood was put under the rails. The wood was doused with petrol. In that way not only the newly accumulated corpses were cremated, but also those taken out from the graves.” ~ Heinrich Matthes Cremation at Treblinka
August 28th, 1942 Aktion Reinhard Headquarters, led by Christian Wirth, intervenes to reorganize Treblinka.
Orders were given to destroy the camp so that the were NO TRACES OF EXISTENCE .
A farm was built to cover up where the camp was.
Officers gave it to a Ukrainian farmer to run for an income.
Total victims was approximately 800,000
Destruction of Treblinka Treblinka survivors 1945 photo by Russian and Polish investigators after destruction Mass graves that had been covered up. Photo taken 1945 Gas chamber remains Human remains