TLT 2010 - The Future of Education


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TLT 2010 keynote address

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  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
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  • Image courtesy of Jon Mott
  • Image courtesy of Jon Mott
  • Take education as another example. The way we educate one another is also based on scarcity thinking for historical reasons. The lecture format dates back to at least 1000 years before Christ. Lecture as format – old. Deuteronomy 31 – gather every 7 years. There was a limit to how many people could get within earshot. Books (scrolls and codices) were prohibitively expensive to make, so attending lecture was your only choice. historically been a time-bound broadcast medium, Like radio or television.
  • As paper became more affordable, dictations became the common form in early universities, and students hand wrote their own copies of texts.
  • Gutenberg’s metallic movable type might have changed everything. CC By NC SA Photo from
  • Revise their pedagogy? No. Dictate annotations instead.
  • And this is still our primary mode of instruction, 3000 years later.
  • Massive hyperlinking; 300,000 person communities of interest; etc.
  • Podcasting, blogs, independent films
  • Stock and weather data
  • Classroom experience versus using Google and online groups
  • Classroom experience versus using Google and online groups
  • Imagine Sci Fi section only open from 6-7.
  • Can you remember a time when you had to be somewhere at a certain time to watch a TV show. My kids can’t. An important question for education is, Why is the lecture different?
  • No. We’re not talking about just putting more classes on the internet.
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years
  • TLT 2010 - The Future of Education

    1. 1. The Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
    2. 2. Yes, You May Absolutely… Video, photograph, record, live blog, tweet, facebook, and otherwise write about or remix this presentation
    3. 3. To Help You Along… Grab the slides now at:
    4. 4. Openness, Data, and the Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
    5. 6. Openness… In Education? Let’s begin by defining terms
    6. 7. Open, adj . Describes educational artifacts
    7. 8. Open Textbooks Open Educational Resources Open Courseware (Open Source Software)
    8. 9. Open, adj . Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities
    9. 10. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
    10. 11. Communicate 4Rs Permissions <ul><li>Since this overrides default copyright, you must use a copyright license </li></ul>
    11. 12. Offers easy to use 4R’s licenses
    12. 14. 2009 2007 2008 2006 2005 2004 2003 CC Licensed Items Online (Millions) 50 100 150 200 250
    13. 15. While Nouns Differ… The operationalizing actions are the same
    14. 16. Open, adj . Generous, sharing, giving
    15. 17. Your Inner Two-year Old Overcoming the impulse to scream “ Mine!”
    16. 18. Law and Policy “Enable” Us To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly, convulse ever more uncontrollably, and hit each other with ever larger toys
    17. 19. Society’s Siren Song “ Be selfish. Sue your neighbor. It’s legal. It’s ok.”
    18. 20. Education Is Not Immune This kind of thinking is accepted
    19. 21. Role of Openness in Education? A terrible, insidious question
    20. 22. Openness is the only means of doing education
    21. 23. If There Is No Sharing… There is no education
    22. 24. Education, n . A relationship of sharing
    23. 25. Successful Educators Share most thoroughly with the most students
    24. 26. Expertise Is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
    25. 27. “ He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
    26. 28. Teachers Would Be Like Bees! They could only teach once
    27. 29. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    28. 30. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    29. 31. Expressions Are Different Digital expressions are nonrivalrous n’t ^
    30. 32. E.g., Online Book We can all read simultaneously
    31. 33. An Indescribable Advance The first time in human history
    32. 34. Expertise and Its Expressions Give without giving away
    33. 35. Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
    34. 36. Unprecedented Capacity We can educate as never before
    35. 37. (Education Involves More) (It turns out the Internet is pretty good at facilitating these other things as well.)
    36. 38. Sharing the Stage Technology always plays opposite it’s nemesis, policy
    37. 39. 15 th Century Perhaps the greatest technological advance ever
    38. 41. 15 th Century Also the most draconian restrictions on information dissemination ever
    39. 42. The Bible Huge demand for vernacular editions, but illegal (and expensive)
    40. 43. Instead of Obliging… Ramped up production of “indulgences” and stricter laws against vernacular editions
    41. 44. “ Whosoever reads the Scriptures in the mother tongue, shall forfeit land, cattle, life, and goods from their heirs forever, and so be condemned for heretics to God, enemies to the crown, and most arrant traitors to the land.” English Law, 15 th Century
    42. 45. Collision Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
    43. 46. The Reformation Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
    44. 47. Alas Our day isn’t that different
    45. 48. Learning Management Systems Technology used against its own potential made to conceal and withhold
    46. 51. “ Lids Down, Please!” Faculty refuse to compete for attention
    47. 52. 2008 Professor in Southern US Claimed (C) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted control over their use
    48. 53. Makes Me Wonder… Can they ever become professors? Can they ever be employed?
    49. 56. The Bible
    50. 59. Soaring Demand for Education 120M in post-secondary education worldwide 150M more projected to enter
    51. 60. In India Alone, They Need… 2400 new universities in the next 25 years One new university every two weeks
    52. 61. Collision Powerful new media and technology, ravenous demand, outdated thinking reinforced by policy
    53. 62. Sound Familiar? Education is on the edge of its own Reformation
    54. 63. Will We Reform Internally? Or will factions and sects have to split off?
    55. 64. What Does Reform Look Like? We only need to look at society around us…
    56. 65. Analog  Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, Communications, Intelligence, Defense
    57. 66. Tethered  Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
    58. 67. Isolated  Connected People, Content, Systems
    59. 68. Generic  Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
    60. 69. Consuming  Creating Radio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs Movies / Vodcasting
    61. 70. Closed  Open Software (OSs, Applications), Content (Blogs, Wikis)
    62. 71. Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
    63. 72. Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
    64. 73. “ Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat And the wider the disconnect, the less relevant higher education feels
    65. 76. What About E-learning?
    66. 77. What About E-learning? Very innovative in 1995!
    67. 78. Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
    68. 79. Connecting You can’t connect to something if you don’t have access to it
    69. 80. Personalizing You can’t adapt or localize something if you don’t have permission
    70. 81. Creating You won’t be creative if there’s no outlet for your work
    71. 82. How Can We Be More Open? Some examples…
    72. 97. How Can We Be More Open? Some examples… on a budget
    73. 105. Where I’m Going You many not want to come, and that’s fine…
    74. 111. Each and Every Interaction <ul><li>Recorded and stored for analysis to improve quality of service / experience </li></ul>
    75. 113. Even the Grocer! <ul><li>Almost every industry uses data more effectively than we do </li></ul>
    76. 114. More Open We Are <ul><li>The more data we can gather </li></ul>
    77. 115. More Open We Are The better education will be
    78. 116. Not a Technology Problem Not only do the technologies we need exist, they’re free and open!
    79. 117. This Is an Institutional Will Problem How can we motivate ourselves and our institutions
    80. 118. “ It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory.” W. E. Deming
    81. 119. The Only Proper Role of Tech Increase our capacity to be generous
    82. 120. Thank You! [email_address]
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