Aids In The Developing World


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Aids In The Developing World

  1. 1. AIDS in the Developing World<br />By Michelle Janechek<br /><br />
  2. 2. Background<br />First noticed in June 1981<br />1982 Isao Miyoshi identified HTLV –related virus in Japanese macaque monkey’s<br />Further studies showed that in was found in both Asian and African Old World monkey’s<br />HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)<br />Retrovirus- transcribes from RNA to DNA<br />AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) a late stage of HIV<br />Attacks the immune system-specificallyCD4 containing cells<br />Robert Gallo <br />HTLV-3<br />Luc Montagnier<br />LAV<br />Both finally got credit for the discovery in 2001 discovered in the 1983.<br />Montagnier found it first and Gallo linked it to AIDS<br />
  3. 3. AIDS in the Developing World<br />95% infected live in the developing world<br />Most who die are young adults<br />Deprive the economies of people need to make it thrive<br />Overburden of health services<br />Tens of thousands dependent orphans<br />In the late 1990’s 4 of 5 women HIV positive lived in Africa and 87% of children<br />In 2004 20 million people have died and 8,000 people die each day because of AIDS<br />In India there are around 5 million people with AIDS<br /><br />
  4. 4. Uganda<br />At one time was the highest HIV infection rates<br />First African country to respond strongly to HIV/AIDS<br />1989 69% 15-19 year old males had sex then in 1995 dropped to 44%.<br />Women at the same age and time was 74% and dropped to 54% by 1995<br />HIV rates appear to be declining<br />First case in 1984 but didn’t debate the issue until 1986.<br />Promoted safe sex and limit sex partners<br />By 2000 2.1 million people had HIV- about 15% of the population<br />Wife inheritance<br />Prostitutes along truck routes<br />Different Approaches <br />Kenya<br />
  5. 5. Blood borne and sexually transmitted<br />Many men leave their rural villages to work in the big cities or mines <br />getting the virus from casual sex partners or prostitutes<br />Spreading the disease to their spouses <br />Displacement of young women in cities has increased commercial sex which lead to higher HIV/AIDS rates<br />In South Africa alone 4.2 million people are infected<br />Spreading AIDS<br />
  6. 6. Impact of AIDS<br />Contributing to the food crisis since many farmers –particularly women- are either too sick to plant and harvest or have died<br />Slowed GDP growth<br />Healthcare costs rising dramatically <br />Kept children out of school<br />Family incomes plunge<br />Growing work force turnover<br /><br />
  7. 7. HIV resistant Gene<br />1 in 100 in the USA<br />Almost never found in Asians and Africans<br />HAART ( highly active antiretroviral therapy)<br />3 drug treatment<br />ARV (antiretroviral therapy)<br />Expensive<br />Average annual costs for drugs are $12,000-15,000 per year<br />Even if the drugs were only $2 per day most Africans can’t afford them<br />Is that ethical?<br />Treatment<br />
  8. 8. AIDS Ravages Africa (Special Report). Encyclopedia. Reproduced in 2000. Facts On File News Services.<br />Goering, Laurie. AIDS Epidemic is Overwhelming South Africa’s Financial System. Chicago Tribune Dec. 9, 2003. n.p. from SIRS knowledge source<br />Gunther, Marc. 2004 Sept. 6. A Crisis Business can’t ignore. Fortune. Vol. 150 Issue 5. p. 72 From TOPICsearch database.<br />Roleff, Tamara (Editor). AIDS Opposing Viewpoints. 2003 Greenhaven Press. <br />Sachs, Jeffrey. The End of Poverty. 2005. The Penguin Press, New York.<br />Weissman, Robert. Corporate Globalization and the Global Gap Between Rich and Poor. Multinational Monitor Vol. 24. July/Aug. 2003 No. 7/8 p. 9-22. from SIRS knowledge source<br />Wexler, Barbara. AIDS/HIV. 2002. Gale Group, Inc<br />Yount, Lisa (Editor). The Discovery of the AIDS Virus. 2003<br />Greenhaven Press.<br />Sources<br />