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Types Of Information System

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A discussion on types of information system.

A discussion on types of information system.

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  • CD screentour: MIS
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    • 1. 2 INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE ENTERPRISE Chapter
    • 2. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Major Types of Systems
      • Executive Support Systems (ESS)
      • Decision Support Systems (DSS)
      • Management Information Systems (MIS)
      • Transaction Processing Systems (TPS)
      KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION
    • 3. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Enterprise Systems INTEGRATING FUNCTIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES Figure 2-17
    • 4.
      • Business processes
      • Manner in which work is organized, coordinated, and focused to produce a valuable product or service
      • Concrete work flows of material, information, and knowledge—sets of activities
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Business Processes and Information Systems INTEGRATING FUNCTIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES
    • 5.
      • Unique ways to coordinate work,
      • information, and knowledge
      • Ways in which management chooses
      • to coordinate work
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise INTEGRATING FUNCTIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES Business Processes and Information Systems
    • 6. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Figure 2-16 Traditional View of the Systems INTEGRATING FUNCTIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES
    • 7. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION
      • Transaction Processing Systems (TPS):
      • Basic business systems that serve the operational level
      • A computerized system that performs and records the daily routine transactions necessary to the conduct of the business
    • 8. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Types of TPS Systems KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION Figure 2-4
    • 9. System Architecture: Transaction Processing System
    • 10.
      • Major functions of systems:
      • Budgeting, general ledger, billing, cost accounting
      • Major application systems:
      • General ledger, accounts receivable, accounts payable, budgeting, funds management systems
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Financing and Accounting Systems SYSTEMS FROM A FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE
    • 11.
      • Major functions of systems:
      • Sales management, market research, promotion, pricing, new products
      • Major application systems:
      • Sales order info system, market research system, pricing system
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise SYSTEMS FROM A FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE Sales and Marketing Systems
    • 12.
      • Major functions of systems:
      • Scheduling, purchasing, shipping, receiving, engineering, operations
      • Major application systems:
      • Materials resource planning systems, purchase order control systems, engineering systems, quality control systems
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Manufacturing and Production Systems SYSTEMS FROM A FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE
    • 13.
      • Major functions of systems:
      • Personnel records, benefits, compensation, labor relations, training
      • Major application systems:
      • Payroll, employee records, benefit systems, career path systems, personnel training systems
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise SYSTEMS FROM A FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE Human Resource Systems
    • 14. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Human Resource Systems SYSTEMS FROM A FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE Figure 2-11
    • 15. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Payroll TPS KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION Figure 2-3
    • 16. System Example: Payroll System (TPS)
    • 17. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Overview of Inventory Systems SYSTEMS FROM A FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE Figure 2-10
    • 18. Management Information System (MIS)
      • Management Information System (MIS)
        • An MIS provides managers with information and support for effective decision making, and provides feedback on daily operations.
        • MIS provides information to the users in the form of reports
        • Output, or reports, are usually generated through accumulation of transaction processing data.
        • MIS is an integrated collection of subsystems, which are typically organized along functional lines within an organization.
    • 19.
      • Management Information System (MIS):
      • Management level
      • Inputs: High volume data
      • Processing : Simple models
      • Outputs: Summary reports
      • Users: Middle managers
      • Example: Annual budgeting
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION
    • 20.
      • Structured and semi-structured decisions
      • Report control oriented
      • Past and present data
      • Internal orientation
      • Lengthy design process
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION Management Information System (MIS)
    • 21. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION Management Information System (MIS) Figure 2-5
    • 22. System Architecture: Management Information System
    • 23. Management Information System
      • Scheduled reports
      • Key-indicator reports
      • Exception reports
      • Ad hoc (demand) reports
      • Drill-down reports
      Creates reports managers can use to make routine business decisions MIS
    • 24. Outputs of a Management Information System Scheduled Reports Produced periodically, or on a schedule (daily, weekly, monthly).
    • 25. Key-Indicator Report Summarizes the previous day’s critical activities and typically available at the beginning of each day.
    • 26. Demand Report Gives certain information at a manager’s request . Exception Report Automatically produced when a situation is unusual or requires management action.
    • 27. Drill Down Reports Provide detailed data about a situation.
    • 28.
      • Decision Support System (DSS):
      • Management level
      • Inputs: Low volume data
      • Processing: Interactive
      • Outputs: Decision analysis
      • Users: Professionals, staff
      • Example: Contract cost analysis
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION
    • 29. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION Decision Support System (DSS) Figure 2-7
    • 30. Four Types of Models
    • 31. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION Decision Support System (DSS) Figure 2-6
    • 32.
      • Top level management
      • Designed to the individual
      • Ties CEO to all levels
      • Very expensive to keep up
      • Extensive support staff
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION Executive support system (ESS)
    • 33.
      • Executive Support System (ESS):
      • Strategic level
      • Inputs: Aggregate data
      • Processing: Interactive
      • Outputs: Projections
      • Users: Senior managers
      • Example: 5-year operating plan
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION
    • 34. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION Executive Support System (ESS) Figure 2-8
    • 35.
      • Cross-Functional Business Processes
      • Transcend boundary between sales, marketing, manufacturing, and research and development
      • Group employees from different functional specialties to a complete piece of work
      • Example: Order Fulfillment Process
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise INTEGRATING FUNCTIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES Business Processes and Information Systems
    • 36. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise The Order Fulfillment Process INTEGRATING FUNCTIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES Figure 2-12
    • 37. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Types of Information Systems KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION Figure 2-1
    • 38. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise TYPES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS Figure 2-2
    • 39. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise INTERRELATIONSHIPS AMONG SYSTEMS Figure 2-9
    • 40.  
    • 41. 2 INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE ENTERPRISE Chapter
    • 42.
      • Knowledge Work Systems (KWS):
      • Knowledge level
      • Inputs: Design specs
      • Processing: Modeling
      • Outputs: Designs, graphics
      • Users: Technical staff
      • Example: Engineering work station
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise KEY SYSTEM APPLICATIONS IN THE ORGANIZATION
    • 43.
      • Information systems help organizations
      • Achieve great efficiencies by automating parts of processes
      • Rethink and streamline processes
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Business Processes and Information Systems INTEGRATING FUNCTIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES
    • 44. Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Human Resource Systems SYSTEMS FROM A FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE
    • 45.
      • Finance and accounting: Paying creditors, creating financial statements, managing cash accounts
      • Human Resources: Hiring employees, evaluating performance, enrolling employees in benefits plans
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Examples of Business Processes INTEGRATING FUNCTIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES
    • 46.
      • Manufacturing and production: Assembling product, checking quality, producing bills of materials
      • Sales and marketing: Identifying customers, creating customer awareness, selling
      Essentials of Management Information Systems Chapter 2 Information Systems in the Enterprise Examples of Business Processes INTEGRATING FUNCTIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES

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