“ Next to bread, the essential man is centered in his divine love for woman . His sexless passion also has woman as its terra firma. All his glorious hopes and aspirations are bees humming round this flower– woman. The Home of Love revolves round her, as a dream beauty. In a great and cultured world, the honour for woman must needs be infinite.”
“ Woman shall be the second best God or the God of the intellectuals on earth. She shall be absolutely free.”
Family – She was the younger daughter of Sardar Manna Singh Aulakh of village Charh (District Sialkot). She became a widow (only two and a half years after marriage) at the young age of 22 (27th June 1839 AD) when her husband Maharaja Ranjit Singh died .
Brief History –
First female freedom fighter in the struggle to drive out the British from India.
She was known for her intelligence and intrepid spirit.
Sati "They cannot be called satis, who burn themselves with their dead husbands. They can only be called satis, if they bear the shock of separation. They may also be known as satis, who live with character and contentment and always show veneration to their husbands by remembering them." (Guru Amar Das, Var Suhi, pg. 787)
Dowry "Any other dowry, which the perverse place for show, that is false pride and worthless gilding. O' my Father! give me the Name of Lord God as a gift and dowry." (Guru Ram Das, Sri Rag, pg. 79)
Veil Stay, stay, O daughter-in-law - do not cover your face with a veil. In the end, this shall not bring you even half a shell. ||1||Pause|| The one before you used to veil her face; do not follow in her footsteps. ||1|| The only merit in veiling your face is that for a few days, people will say, ""What a noble bride has come"". ||2|| Your veil shall be true only if you skip, dance and sing the Glorious Praises of the Lord. ||3|| Says Kabeer, the soul-bride shall win, only if she passes her life singing the Lord's Praises. ||4||1||34||
If pollution attaches to birth, then pollution is everywhere (for birth is universal). Cow-dung (used for purifying the kitchen floor ) and firewood breed maggots; Not one grain of corn is without life; Water itself is a living substance, imparting life to all vegetation. How can we then believe in pollution, when pollution inheres within staples?
Says Nanak, pollution is not washed away by purificatory rituals; Pollution is removed by true knowledge alone.
Epitome of Courage Mughal imperial forces had warned Sikhs against going to Darbar Sahib, Amritsar. One mother got up at Amrit Vela and left for the holy temple with her child. On the way she met a minister, who warned her. Do you know what she replied?
Mata ji was brought up with the consciousness of the Guru’s light; she fulfilled her parent’s aspiration of serving the path of the Guru beyond their expectations by growing into a perfect role model of grace, strength, persistence and sacrifice.
No person, no matter which country, religion or cast he/she belongs to, is debarred from entering the gurdwara for darshan (seeing the holy shrine).
No Sikh should sit bare-headed in the presence of the Guru Granth Sahib or in the congregation. For Sikh women, joining the congregation uncomfortably draped and with veils drawn over their faces is contrary to gurmat (Guru’s way).
Every Sikh man, woman, boy or girl, should learn Gurmukhi to be able to read the Guru Granth Sahib.
Reading of Sri Guru Granth Sahib
Making Offerings, Consecration and Distribution
The person who doles out the Karhah Prashad among the congregation should do so without any discrimination on the basis of personal regard or spite. He should dole out the Karhah Prashad equally to the Sikhs, the non-Sikhs or a person of high or low caste. While doling out the Karhah Prashad, no discrimination should be made on considerations of caste or ancestry or being regarded, by some, as untouchable, of persons within the congregation.
Any man or woman of any country, religion or cast who embraces Sikhism and solemnly undertakes to abide by its principles is entitled to Amrit sanchar
At the place where Amrit sanchar is to be administered, the holy Guru Granth Sahib should be installed and ceremonially opened. Also present should be six committed baptized Sikhs, one of whom should sit in attendance of the Guru Granth Sahib and the other five should be there to administer the ambrosial baptism. These six may even include Sikh women .
A Sikh man and woman should enter wedlock without giving thought to the prospective spouse’s caste and descent.
The marriage party should be as small a number of people as the girl’s people desire.
Consulting horoscopes for determining which day or date is auspicious or otherwise for fixing the day of the marriage is a sacrilege . Any day that the parties find suitable by mutual consultation should be fixed.
“ I’m gonna be a millionaire!” “ Im in Safe hands!” “ He will Save me! ” Oxford Dictionary Faith = firm belief without logic Faith = you do an activity expecting a result, but result not guaranteed.
Sikhs, while undergoing all these cruelties kept their morale and spirits high. To express there feelings, there is a folk saying of that period: " We are like plants and Mannu a sickle, all know. The more he cuts us, the more we grow ."
Sikh Women being made to grind tons of wheat in jails
jy suKu dyih q quJih ArwDI duiK BI quJY iDAweI ]2]
If You will bless me with happiness, then I will worship and adore You. Even in pain, I will meditate on You. ||2||
jy BuK dyih q ieq hI rwjw duK ivic sUK mnweI ]3]
Even if You give me hunger, I will still feel satisfied; I am joyful, even in the midst of sorrow. ||3||
- Guru Ramdaas Ji
aulwhno mY kwhU n dIE ] I don't blame anyone else. mn mIT quhwro kIE ]1] rhwau ] Whatever You do is sweet to my mind. ||1||Pause|| AwigAw mwin jwin suKu pwieAw suin suin nwmu quhwro jIE ] Understanding and obeying Your Order, I have found peace; hearing, listening to Your Name, I live. eIhW aUhw hir qum hI qum hI iehu gur qy mMqRü idRVIE ]1] Here and hereafter, O Lord, You, only You. The Guru has implanted this Mantra within me. ||1|| - Guru Arjan Dev Ji
The martyrdom and unparalleled sacrifices of the great Sikh women and their children are remembered by Sikhs in their prayer : " Let us remember the women who suffered in the jail of Mannu, remained hungry, worked heavy stone mills, watched their children being pierced by the spears and got their body pieces around their necks ... keeping their sacrifices in mind let all of us hail them and say Waheguru .“
We are born of woman, we are conceived in the womb of woman, we are engaged and married to woman. We make friendship with woman and the lineage continued because of woman. When one woman dies, we take another one, we are bound with the world through woman. Why should we talk ill of her, who gives birth to kings? The woman is born from woman; there is none without her. Only the One True Lord is without woman" (Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Var Asa, Ang 473)
Women and men, all the men and women, all came from the One Primal Lord God
In this world, there is one Husband Lord; all other beings are His brides.
You Yourself are the male, and You Yourself are the female.