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Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
Nagai Kafū
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Nagai Kafū

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  • 1. Nagai kafu The Literary Contrarian
  • 2. Early Life
    • Born 3, 1879 in Tokyo, Japan
    • Comfortable Life
    • Highly influenced by Mother
  • 3. School Days
    • Not a diligent student
      • frequently skipped class
    • Failed entrance exams to the First Higher School
    • Eventually majored in Chinese at the Tokyo First Language School
  • 4. Travels
    • Father displeased that his son was not taking the conventional road to success
    • Kichōsha : A person who has returned from abroad, more specifically from the West
    • Sent him away! 
  • 5. American Days
    • Spent over four years in America
      • Lived in WA, MO, MI, PA, and NY
    • Studied at Kalamazoo College in MI
    • Worked at a bank in New York City
    • Despite the variety of his American locations, still longed to go to France
    Kalamazoo College
  • 6. Journey’s End
    • Bank Transfer: Lyon, France
    • 2 months in Paris
    • No more money 
    • Returned to Japan
    Lyon, France
  • 7. His Work
    • Saiyū nisshi shō [Excerpts from the Journal of a Leisurely Trip to the West], 1908
    • Amerika monogatari [Tales of America], 1908
    • Sumidgawa [The River Sumida], 1909
    • Reishō [Sneers], 1909
    • Shinkichōsha nikki [Diary of a Recent Returnee], 1909
    • Furansu monogatari [Tales of France], 1909
    • Sangoshū [Coral Anthology], 1913
    • Udekurabe [Geisha in Rivalry], 1917
    • Okamezasa [Dwarf Bamboo], 1920
    • Ameshōshō [Quiet Rain], 1921
    • Tsuyu no atosaki [During the Rains], 1931
    • Hikage no hana [Flowers in the Shade], 1934
    • Bokutō kidan [A Strange Tale in the East of the River], 1937
    • Danchōtei Nichijō [Dyspepsia House Days], 1917-1959
  • 8. His Style
    • Ever-changing
    • “ Literary contrarian”
    • French naturalism
      • a form of literature that evokes a believable, everyday reality
    • Early works: naturalistic
    • Later works: anti-naturalistic
      Nagai Kafū: Self Portrait (1932)
  • 9. Style (con’t)
    • Influenced by experiences in the United States and France
      • Belief in individualism (U.S)
      • Belief in traditionalism (France)
    • 1916
      • turned his back on literary life
    • Edo Culture (1600-1868)
      • Critical of Japanese Westernization
    • Final Reversal:
      • became “highly critical of Japanese policy and the culture that produced it.”
  • 10. Amerika monogatari (Tales of America), 1908
    • Prior to this point, no firsthand account about America like it had been published in Japan
    • “ Two Days in Chicago” and “Chronicles of Chinatown”
    • Information and observations
    • Attention to detail
      • Ex. pg. 198
    • Japanese Audience
      • Ex. pg. 159
  • 11. Amerika monogatari (con’t)
    • Biography can give us additional insight into the two stories
    • “ Exiled” to America
    • Conflicted about the country
      • Feelings surface and flow throughout his work
      • Ex. pg. 162 vs. pg. 169
    • Is he really reconciled with his own division of thought?
      • Ex. pg. 170
  • 12. Works Cited
    • &quot;1900s Timeline - History Timeline of the 1900s.&quot; 20th Century History . Web. 05 Oct. 2009. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/1900timeline.htm>.
    • American Flag. Digital image. US-Flag.net. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://us-flag.net/pictures/clipart/american-flag-clip-art-waving-waves.png>.
    • Dunlop, Lane. &quot;Translator's Preface.&quot; During the Rain & Flowers in the Shade . By Nagai Kafū. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1994. IX-XVIII. Print.
    • &quot;France, 1900 A.D-Present.&quot; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: metmuseum.org . Web. 05 Oct. 2009. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/11/euwf/ht11euwf.htm>.
    • French Flag. Digital image. Cherokee K-12. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://mysite.cherokee.k12.ga.us/personal/brittany_selden/site/Clips/1/FrenchFlag.jpg>.
    • Iriye, Mitsuko. &quot;Translator's Introduction.&quot; American stories . By Kafū Nagai. New York: Columbia UP, 2000. VII-XXVII. Print.
    • Japanese Flag . Digital image. Georgia Libraries. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://www.georgialibraries.org/lib/gold/ggugc2008/flags/GOLD%20one%20clip%20art%202_html_m5b785673.jpg>.
    • Kafū Books. Digital image. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3229/2869641362_1f8f60e1b2.jpg>.
    • Kafū, Nagai. American stories . New York: Columbia UP, 2000. Print.
    • Kafū Self Portrait . Digital image. Tokyo Green Space. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://tokyogreenspace.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/kafu_self_portrait_1932.jpg>.
    • Misho, Shin. &quot;Introduction.&quot; Geisha in Rivalry . By Nagai Kafū. Null: Tittle, 1986. 5-10. Print.
    • Nagai Kafū . Digital image. Japan Times . Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://www.japantimes.co.jp/images/photos2009/fl20090426x1a.jpg>.
    • Nagai Kafū . Digital image. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://www.lib.city.minato.tokyo.jp/yukari/person_img/068nagai.jpg>.
    • Scaruffi, Pierro. &quot;A Timeline of Japan.&quot; Piero Scaruffi's Knowledge Base . 1999. Web. 05 Oct. 2009. <http://www.scaruffi.com/politics/japanese.html>.
    • Seidensticker, Edward. Kafū the Scribbler: The Life and Writings of Nagai Kafū . Stanford: Stanford UP, 1965. Print.
    • Snyder, Stephen. Fictions of Desire: Narrative Form in the Novels of Nagai Kafū . Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 2000. Print.
    • Snyder, Stephen. &quot;Introduction.&quot; Rivalry A Geisha's Tale (Japanese Studies Series) . By Nagai Kafū. New York: Columbia UP, 2007. VII-XII. Print.
    • Amerika monogatari [Tales of America], 1908

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