Nagai kafu   The Literary Contrarian
Early Life   <ul><li>Born  3, 1879 in Tokyo, Japan  </li></ul><ul><li>Comfortable Life </li></ul><ul><li>Highly influenced...
School Days <ul><li>Not a diligent student </li></ul><ul><ul><li>frequently skipped class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Failed en...
Travels <ul><li>Father displeased that his son was not taking the conventional road to success  </li></ul><ul><li>Kichōsha...
American Days   <ul><li>Spent over four years in America  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived in WA, MO, MI, PA, and NY </li></ul>...
Journey’s End   <ul><li>Bank Transfer: Lyon, France </li></ul><ul><li>2 months in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>No more money  ...
His Work <ul><li>Saiyū nisshi shō  [Excerpts from the Journal of a Leisurely Trip to the West], 1908 </li></ul><ul><li>Ame...
His Style <ul><li>Ever-changing </li></ul><ul><li>“ Literary contrarian”  </li></ul><ul><li>French naturalism </li></ul><u...
Style (con’t)   <ul><li>Influenced by experiences in the United States and France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in individu...
Amerika monogatari   (Tales of America), 1908 <ul><li>Prior to this point, no firsthand account about America like it had ...
Amerika monogatari (con’t) <ul><li>Biography can give us additional insight into the two stories  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Exil...
Works Cited <ul><li>&quot;1900s Timeline - History Timeline of the 1900s.&quot;  20th Century History . Web. 05 Oct. 2009....
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Nagai Kafū

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Nagai Kafū

  1. 1. Nagai kafu The Literary Contrarian
  2. 2. Early Life <ul><li>Born 3, 1879 in Tokyo, Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Comfortable Life </li></ul><ul><li>Highly influenced by Mother </li></ul>
  3. 3. School Days <ul><li>Not a diligent student </li></ul><ul><ul><li>frequently skipped class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Failed entrance exams to the First Higher School </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually majored in Chinese at the Tokyo First Language School </li></ul>
  4. 4. Travels <ul><li>Father displeased that his son was not taking the conventional road to success </li></ul><ul><li>Kichōsha : A person who has returned from abroad, more specifically from the West </li></ul><ul><li>Sent him away!  </li></ul>
  5. 5. American Days <ul><li>Spent over four years in America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived in WA, MO, MI, PA, and NY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Studied at Kalamazoo College in MI </li></ul><ul><li>Worked at a bank in New York City </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the variety of his American locations, still longed to go to France </li></ul>Kalamazoo College
  6. 6. Journey’s End <ul><li>Bank Transfer: Lyon, France </li></ul><ul><li>2 months in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>No more money  </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to Japan </li></ul>Lyon, France
  7. 7. His Work <ul><li>Saiyū nisshi shō [Excerpts from the Journal of a Leisurely Trip to the West], 1908 </li></ul><ul><li>Amerika monogatari [Tales of America], 1908 </li></ul><ul><li>Sumidgawa [The River Sumida], 1909 </li></ul><ul><li>Reishō [Sneers], 1909 </li></ul><ul><li>Shinkichōsha nikki [Diary of a Recent Returnee], 1909 </li></ul><ul><li>Furansu monogatari [Tales of France], 1909 </li></ul><ul><li>Sangoshū [Coral Anthology], 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Udekurabe [Geisha in Rivalry], 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Okamezasa [Dwarf Bamboo], 1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Ameshōshō [Quiet Rain], 1921 </li></ul><ul><li>Tsuyu no atosaki [During the Rains], 1931 </li></ul><ul><li>Hikage no hana [Flowers in the Shade], 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>Bokutō kidan [A Strange Tale in the East of the River], 1937 </li></ul><ul><li>Danchōtei Nichijō [Dyspepsia House Days], 1917-1959 </li></ul>
  8. 8. His Style <ul><li>Ever-changing </li></ul><ul><li>“ Literary contrarian” </li></ul><ul><li>French naturalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a form of literature that evokes a believable, everyday reality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early works: naturalistic </li></ul><ul><li>Later works: anti-naturalistic </li></ul>  Nagai Kafū: Self Portrait (1932)
  9. 9. Style (con’t) <ul><li>Influenced by experiences in the United States and France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in individualism (U.S) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in traditionalism (France) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1916 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>turned his back on literary life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edo Culture (1600-1868) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical of Japanese Westernization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final Reversal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>became “highly critical of Japanese policy and the culture that produced it.” </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Amerika monogatari (Tales of America), 1908 <ul><li>Prior to this point, no firsthand account about America like it had been published in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>“ Two Days in Chicago” and “Chronicles of Chinatown” </li></ul><ul><li>Information and observations </li></ul><ul><li>Attention to detail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. pg. 198 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Japanese Audience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. pg. 159 </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Amerika monogatari (con’t) <ul><li>Biography can give us additional insight into the two stories </li></ul><ul><li>“ Exiled” to America </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicted about the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings surface and flow throughout his work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. pg. 162 vs. pg. 169 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is he really reconciled with his own division of thought? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. pg. 170 </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Works Cited <ul><li>&quot;1900s Timeline - History Timeline of the 1900s.&quot; 20th Century History . Web. 05 Oct. 2009. <http://history1900s.about.com/od/timelines/tp/1900timeline.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>American Flag. Digital image. US-Flag.net. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://us-flag.net/pictures/clipart/american-flag-clip-art-waving-waves.png>. </li></ul><ul><li>Dunlop, Lane. &quot;Translator's Preface.&quot; During the Rain & Flowers in the Shade . By Nagai Kafū. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1994. IX-XVIII. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;France, 1900 A.D-Present.&quot; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: metmuseum.org . Web. 05 Oct. 2009. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/11/euwf/ht11euwf.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>French Flag. Digital image. Cherokee K-12. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://mysite.cherokee.k12.ga.us/personal/brittany_selden/site/Clips/1/FrenchFlag.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Iriye, Mitsuko. &quot;Translator's Introduction.&quot; American stories . By Kafū Nagai. New York: Columbia UP, 2000. VII-XXVII. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese Flag . Digital image. Georgia Libraries. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://www.georgialibraries.org/lib/gold/ggugc2008/flags/GOLD%20one%20clip%20art%202_html_m5b785673.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Kafū Books. Digital image. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3229/2869641362_1f8f60e1b2.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Kafū, Nagai. American stories . New York: Columbia UP, 2000. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Kafū Self Portrait . Digital image. Tokyo Green Space. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://tokyogreenspace.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/kafu_self_portrait_1932.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Misho, Shin. &quot;Introduction.&quot; Geisha in Rivalry . By Nagai Kafū. Null: Tittle, 1986. 5-10. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Nagai Kafū . Digital image. Japan Times . Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://www.japantimes.co.jp/images/photos2009/fl20090426x1a.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Nagai Kafū . Digital image. Web. 5 Oct. 2009. <http://www.lib.city.minato.tokyo.jp/yukari/person_img/068nagai.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Scaruffi, Pierro. &quot;A Timeline of Japan.&quot; Piero Scaruffi's Knowledge Base . 1999. Web. 05 Oct. 2009. <http://www.scaruffi.com/politics/japanese.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Seidensticker, Edward. Kafū the Scribbler: The Life and Writings of Nagai Kafū . Stanford: Stanford UP, 1965. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Snyder, Stephen. Fictions of Desire: Narrative Form in the Novels of Nagai Kafū . Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 2000. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Snyder, Stephen. &quot;Introduction.&quot; Rivalry A Geisha's Tale (Japanese Studies Series) . By Nagai Kafū. New York: Columbia UP, 2007. VII-XII. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Amerika monogatari [Tales of America], 1908 </li></ul>

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