Users of mHealth in  Southern Africa: A Look at Tanzania, Zambia & South Africa Jesse Coleman [email_address] Research Mas...
Overview <ul><li>Who am I? </li></ul><ul><li>Mobiles in Developing World </li></ul><ul><li>mHealth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P...
Who Am I? <ul><li>Canadian </li></ul><ul><li>6 years working in IT </li></ul><ul><li>Research Masters of Social Sciences @...
Mobiles in Global South <ul><li>mBanking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>M-PESA in Kenya (and Tanzania) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R...
mHealth: Mobiles and Healthcare <ul><li>Already commonly used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless Health Care Report on 101 med...
Past of mHealth in Global South <ul><li>Highlight on India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used PDA’s to enable community based heal...
Future of mHealth - 1 <ul><li>Microscope in a mobile phone </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The [microscope] is truly compact--it c...
Future of mHealth - 2 <ul><li>Portable wireless medical scanner </li></ul><ul><li>Portable scanners “ could open up whole ...
Current Research <ul><li>mHealth in Southern Africa:  A Focus on Users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 months in South Africa, Tan...
mHealth Examples <ul><li>Zambia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MSF Camp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orphanage </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
Case Study’s <ul><li>Cell-Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000: Home-based and after-care of HIV+ patients </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Case Study’s (cont’d) <ul><li>Clyral Mobile Researcher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MRC Baseline Study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
Case Study’s (cont’d) <ul><li>Health24.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WAP information portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No ...
Thank You <ul><li>Jesse Coleman </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
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mHealth And Users - Jesse Coleman

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mHealth And Users - Jesse Coleman

  1. 1. Users of mHealth in Southern Africa: A Look at Tanzania, Zambia & South Africa Jesse Coleman [email_address] Research Masters of Social Sciences University of Amsterdam
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Who am I? </li></ul><ul><li>Mobiles in Developing World </li></ul><ul><li>mHealth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current Research </li></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  3. 3. Who Am I? <ul><li>Canadian </li></ul><ul><li>6 years working in IT </li></ul><ul><li>Research Masters of Social Sciences @ University of Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thesis topic: mHealth in Southern Africa </li></ul></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  4. 4. Mobiles in Global South <ul><li>mBanking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>M-PESA in Kenya (and Tanzania) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively common now </li></ul></ul><ul><li>mAgricultural (information) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market updates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>mActivism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zimbabwe elections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>mGovernence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60% of governmental services in India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problem of operationalisation? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>mEducation </li></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  5. 5. mHealth: Mobiles and Healthcare <ul><li>Already commonly used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless Health Care Report on 101 medical uses of cell phones (2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M-Health: Emerging Mobile Health Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voxiva – HealthWatch/HealthNet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US, Peru, Rwanda, India </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phones, mobiles, PDA’s, fax, radio and internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Management, communication, administration, collaboration, research </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphical output </li></ul></ul></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  6. 6. Past of mHealth in Global South <ul><li>Highlight on India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used PDA’s to enable community based health workers to collect data, have a support system for immunisation management and enable collaboration and process planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example of NON-locally applicable solution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Various around the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussed in UN Mobile Applications on Health and Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Q uantitative studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iluyemi et al, 2006 & 2007 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cell-Life, 2007 & 2008 </li></ul></ul></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  7. 7. Future of mHealth - 1 <ul><li>Microscope in a mobile phone </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The [microscope] is truly compact--it could be put in a cell phone--and it can use just sunlight for illumination, which makes it very appealing for Third-World applications.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Changhuei Yang, Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering, Caltech </li></ul>
  8. 8. Future of mHealth - 2 <ul><li>Portable wireless medical scanner </li></ul><ul><li>Portable scanners “ could open up whole new avenues of health care for the developing world…. Health professionals in rural clinics could affordably get the tools they need to properly diagnose and treat their patients. ” </li></ul><ul><li>- Boris Rubinsky, Professor of Bioengineering, Berkeley </li></ul>
  9. 9. Current Research <ul><li>mHealth in Southern Africa: A Focus on Users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 months in South Africa, Tanzania & Zambia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Utilise STS concepts to look at users </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look at systems of accountability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for mHealth projects everywhere! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why mHealth? ‘Development’, Technology, and Health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look for locally applicable solutions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Share knowledge so no reinvention of wheel </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  10. 10. mHealth Examples <ul><li>Zambia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MSF Camp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orphanage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Telesurgery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D-Tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Datadyne – EpiSurveyor/EpiHandy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SimPILL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nurses Helping Nurses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More… </li></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  11. 11. Case Study’s <ul><li>Cell-Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000: Home-based and after-care of HIV+ patients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SMS for needs and information delivery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection (open ROSA) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Medical Research Council of South Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mHealth for Students project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creating WAP portal for HIV/AIDS info </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information, games, wall papers, music and interactive chat </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  12. 12. Case Study’s (cont’d) <ul><li>Clyral Mobile Researcher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MRC Baseline Study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>37 000 households, 24 researchers, 4 months </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MSRC & Paraffin Safety Association of South Africa  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hospitals, Clinics & Private Practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly unaware of mHealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others totally understand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appointment reminders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Image transfer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mass messaging to doctors </li></ul></ul></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  13. 13. Case Study’s (cont’d) <ul><li>Health24.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WAP information portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No games, music, wall-papers or chat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More general health info </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Written by doctors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tanya Bosch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Professor of Media Studies @ University of Cape Town </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote about mHealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Covers other projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stresses need to focus on users now </li></ul></ul></ul>J. Coleman mHealth in Tanzania, Zambia and South Africa
  14. 14. Thank You <ul><li>Jesse Coleman </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
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