WHY DO WE HAVE COPYRIGHT LAWS,
AND WHAT DO THEY COVER
Copyright laws protect drama,
literature, music, graphics,
architecture, sculptures, and
other "intellectual works". These
laws are designed to ensure that
an artist is recognized and
compensated for his work. They
also prevent other people from
passing the work off as their own.
The person or company who holds
the copyright is the only one
legally able to reproduce, change,
publish, sell, distribute, or
perform the copyrighted material.
Therefore, it is important to
correctly cite any work you use
that is not your own so that you
do not violate copyright laws.
WHO CAN HOLD COPYRIGHTS?
The author or the creator of the
work usually owns the copyright.
However, if an employee created
the work as part of a job, the
employer automatically holds the
copyright. Minors can copyright
their works, but state laws often
control how they can market
HOW LONG DOES A COPYRIGHT
Copyrights last anywhere from 67
to 95 years, depending on when
the copyrighted item was created,
and when the copyright was
issued. The default length of
copyright is the life of the author
plus either 50 or 70 years.
An author of a copyrighted work
has the following exclusive
1. to reproduce the work (e.g., to
make copies) .
2. to prepare derivative works (e.g.,
condensation, adaptation) .
3. to distribute copies to the public
(e.g., publish, sell, rental, lease,
or lending) .
4. to perform the work publicly.
5. to display the work publicly.
How to Get Something Copyrighted?
• Determine whether or not you have
a piece of material that can be
• Get your material copyrighted. To
copyright any material that you
have created, you must register it
with the copyright office at the
Library of Congress.
You must include three items in
your packet that you send to
the Library of Congress: 1) a
completed application, 2) a
filing fee for the application
and 3) a copy of the work being
registered. There are different
applications for different
The basic filing fee for a new work
is $45. It must be remitted in
check, money order or cashier's
check. No cash . A complete copy
of the work you are copyrighting
must be included.
Reality stories :
In Jordan the writer of “the land of cure”
( which contains the names and numbers
of the doctors around Jordan) wanted to
make sure that her rights are preserved ,
so she searched for a way to make sure no
one copies her work and the copyright
company workers told her to put some
made up names and numbers in the book
so when someone copies her book , she
will have a prove that they didn’t search
for the names and numbers them selves.
and shortly after the book was out
on the market , many people
copied it and the author proved
them to be liars and copiers , and
they were arrested in the case of
violating the copyright law .
Human right #27Human right #27
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